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Afghanistan Humanitarian Update No. 16

Emergency Updates, 10 October 2001

At a Glance:

  • Security situation in Pakistan seriously hampers relief efforts
  • UNHCR airlifts into Pakistan scheduled to resume, security permitting
  • Site assessment, field teams head to Nehbandan, Iran
  • High Commissioner Lubbers addresses the Organisation of Islamic Conference

Security Situation in Pakistan

The security situation in Pakistan, particularly in the border areas, continues to pose a serious obstacle to the humanitarian effort underway in the region.

Work on prospective refugee campsites in both the Quetta and the Peshawar areas was on hold for a third day Wednesday, following violent demonstrations that took place on Monday and Tuesday. The fragile security situation has drastically limited the freedom of movement of UNHCR international staff, with supplies being ferried mostly by local contractors.

The offices of several international and local relief agencies were reportedly attacked and ransacked on Monday and Tuesday in Hangu, Landi Kotal, and Bajuar agency around Peshawar.

The string of attacks and continuing security incidents highlight the difficulties for local and international relief agencies to operate safely in the tribal areas, where the government has identified possible sites for temporary refugee settlements.

UNHCR's office in Quetta sustained relatively minor damage in Monday's demonstrations. UNHCR has met with the Home Secretary and the police in Quetta. Authorities expressed their regrets about the incident and assured that they would beef up security at all UN offices in Quetta, as well as providing security for staff travelling to the field.

Despite the security situation, UNHCR continues to build up stockpiles of relief items in the border areas. More than 3,000 tents from Karachi were dispatched to Peshawar and Quetta on Tuesday. The shipment brings UNHCR's stocks in Peshawar to 15,000 tents enough to house up to 80,000 people. Tents, plastic sheets and blankets are being trucked daily from Peshawar to border crossing points. In Quetta, there are now some 5,000 tents out of the 30,000 needed to accommodate the first 150,000 refugees.

Relief Flights Resume

UNHCR plans to resume airlifting of relief supplies from Copenhagen, Denmark, to Pakistan tomorrow (Thursday). The Thursday flight will carry 10,000 plastic sheets and registration materials to Peshawar. Subsequent flights are planned to bring blankets and other relief items to Pakistan. Thursday's flight is the first of up to 10 flights planned over the next two weeks, security permitting. The aircraft will shuttle between Copenhagen and alternately Peshawar and Quetta the two key locations in Pakistan where UNHCR is building up a stock of relief supplies.


A UNHCR field team has been dispatched to its new base in Nehbandan, some 400 kilometres south of Mashad in Khorasan province near the Afghanistan border. The team yesterday accompanied two trucks of relief items sent to Nehbandan to increase the local emergency stockpile there.

A water assessment mission also headed to Nehbandan Tuesday to evaluate potential camp sites in the area. The mission included water engineers from the German organization THW, accompanied by UNHCR staff and government officials.

High Commissioner in Qatar

High Commissioner Ruud Lubbers was scheduled to address the foreign ministers' meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Conference today (Wednesday) in Qatar. His address will focus on humanitarian efforts for refugees and the displaced in the Afghanistan region.




UNHCR's Nansen Refugee Award 2015

Aqeela Asifi, an Afghan refugee living in Pakistan, has been named the 2015 winner of UNHCR's Nansen Refugee Award. Asifi has dedicated her adult life to educating refugee girls. Despite minimal resources and significant cultural challenges, hundreds of girls have now passed through her school, equipped with life-long skills and brighter hopes for their futures.

Asifi fled from Kabul in 1992 with her young family. They found refuge in the desolate Kot Chandana refugee village in the south-eastern Punjab province of Pakistan. Adjusting from life in a capital city and working as a teacher, to living in a dusty refugee village was difficult. She was especially struck by the total absence of schools for girls.

It took time but eventually Asifi was allowed to start a small school under a tent. Over the years the school expanded and received the hard-won backing of community elders. Asifi's dedication has helped guide more than 1,000 girls through to the eighth grade and encouraged more schools to open in the village. Another 1,500 young people (900 girls, 650 boys) are enrolled in six schools throughout the refugee village today.

UNHCR's Nansen Refugee Award 2015

Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

For years, migrants and asylum-seekers have flocked to the northern French port of Calais in hopes of crossing the short stretch of sea to find work and a better life in England. This hope drives many to endure squalid, miserable conditions in makeshift camps, lack of food and freezing temperatures. Some stay for months waiting for an opportunity to stow away on a vehicle making the ferry crossing.

Many of the town's temporary inhabitants are fleeing persecution or conflict in countries such as Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan and Syria. And although these people are entitled to seek asylum in France, the country's lack of accommodation, administrative hurdles and language barrier, compel many to travel on to England where many already have family waiting.

With the arrival of winter, the crisis in Calais intensifies. To help address the problem, French authorities have opened a day centre as well as housing facilities for women and children. UNHCR is concerned with respect to the situation of male migrants who will remain without shelter solutions. Photographer Julien Pebrel recently went to Calais to document their lives in dire sites such as the Vandamme squat and next to the Tioxide factory.

Cold, Uncomfortable and Hungry in Calais

Afghan Refugees in Iran

At a recent conference in Geneva, the international community endorsed a "solutions strategy" for millions of Afghan refugees and those returning to Afghanistan after years in exile. The plan, drawn up between Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and UNHCR, aims to support repatriation, sustainable reintegration and assistance to host countries.

It will benefit refugee returnees to Afghanistan as well as 3 million Afghan refugees, including 1 million in Iran and 1.7 million in Pakistan.

Many of the refugees in Iran have been living there for more than three decades. This photo set captures the lives of some of these exiles, who wait in hope of a lasting solution to their situation.

Afghan Refugees in Iran

Croatia: Sunday Train ArrivalsPlay video

Croatia: Sunday Train Arrivals

On Sunday a train of 1800 refugees and migrants made their way north from the town of Tovarnik on Croatia's Serbian border. They disembarked at Cakovec just south of Slovenia. Most of the people are Syrian, Afghan and Iraqi. Their route to Western Europe has been stalled due to the closing of Hungarian borders. Now the people have changed their path that takes through Slovenia. Croatia granted passage to over 10,000 refugees this weekend. Croatian authorities asked Slovenia to take 5000 refugees and migrants per day. Slovenia agreed to take half that number. More than a thousand of desperate people are being backed up as result, with more expected to arrive later Monday.
Afghanistan Needs Your SupportPlay video

Afghanistan Needs Your Support

Croatia; Destination UnknownPlay video

Croatia; Destination Unknown