Camp closure brings UNHCR closer to phase-out from eastern Ethiopia

News Stories, 29 June 2005

© UNHCR/B.Heger
A circle of stones is all that remains at Ethiopia's Aisha camp after a tukul &; a traditional dome-shaped shelter &; was dismantled by homebound Somali refugees.

AISHA CAMP, Ethiopia, June 29 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has officially closed Aisha refugee camp in eastern Ethiopia a month after its last Somali residents went home. This leaves just one camp in an area that used to host the world's largest concentration of refugees.

At its peak in the early 1990s, there were 628,000 Somali refugees in eight camps in eastern Ethiopia. Since UNHCR began repatriating refugees to north-western Somalia, better known as the self-declared Republic of Somaliland, in 1997, most of the camps have been consolidated and finally closed. Aisha is the seventh camp to close in eastern Ethiopia.

At the closing ceremony on Monday, UNHCR Deputy Regional Liaison Representative Fernando Protti Alvarado thanked the host community and the government for their hospitality to the refugees and for the peaceful co-existence despite the obvious fact that refugees add to the strain on local resources.

He handed over the land and all the facilities used by the refugees to the Administrator of Aisha woreda (district), Ferhan Ibrahim. Worth about US$158,000, these assets included the offices of UNHCR and its main government counterpart ARRA (Authority for Refugees and Returnees Affairs), a health centre, a school, a women's community centre, a grinding mill, a warehouse, a food distribution centre, a borehole, a motorised water pumping system and a generator house with a generator.

Protti assured representatives of the local government and elders that UNHCR would take care of the repair and maintenance of the school, health centre and water facility, and replace the old generator with a new one. These tasks should be finalized in two weeks.

The local administration and elders had requested UNHCR to help run the facilities for an interim period until the local government develops the requisite capacity to manage them well. "We would have liked to do so," responded Protti. "But since UNHCR is a humanitarian agency dealing with refugees and not a development organisation, the local government has to be able to take the full responsibility of managing the facilities."

Ato Ayalew Aweke, a senior ARRA official, witnessed the handover ceremony at Aisha woreda. He echoed Protti's words of gratitude to the local administration and the Aisha community for their hospitality to the refugees.

"We are aware of the adverse impact on the environment as a result of the presence of refugees for the last 16 years. However, this should be taken as a cost a nation must pay to honour its international obligations," said the Ethiopian official.

The Somalilanders in Aisha camp fled civil war in the 1980s and the overthrow of the Siad Barre regime in 1991. The camp was opened in November 1989 and counted 13,986 refugees in 2003 before repatriation began. Voluntary repatriation from Aisha started in May 2004 and ended in May this year, with the last convoy, the 213th since repatriation started in 1997, leaving the camp on May 28.

© UNHCR/K.Gebre Egziabher
UNHCR's Fernando Protti Alvarado shaking hands with Aisha district's Ferhan Ibrahim during the handover ceremony at Aisha camp.

With the closure of this camp, UNHCR has assisted home some 240,000 Somali refugees, not to mention of the hundreds of thousands of others who have returned on their own. "This milestone brings us one step closer to phasing out our operation in eastern Ethiopia, an area which 15 years ago was the largest refugee-hosting area in the world," said UNHCR's Protti.

Only one camp Kebribeyah remains in eastern Ethiopia now. It houses over 10,000 refugees who are from other parts of Somalia where it is not safe to return. UNHCR expects to repatriate the refugee population there and to close the camp and phase out its eastern Ethiopian operation once the situation in Somalia stabilises.

By Kisut Gebre Egziabher in Aisha camp, Ethiopia




UNHCR country pages

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Bonga camp is located in the troubled Gambella region of western Ethiopia. But it remains untouched by the ethnic conflicts that have torn nearby Gambella town and Fugnido camp in the last year.

For Bonga's 17,000 Sudanese refugees, life goes on despite rumblings in the region. Refugee children continue with school and play while their parents make ends meet by supplementing UNHCR assistance with self-reliance projects.

Cultural life is not forgotten, with tribal ceremonies by the Uduk majority. Other ethnic communities – Shuluks, Nubas and Equatorians – are welcome too, judging by how well hundreds of newcomers have settled in after their transfer from Fugnido camp in late 2002.

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Crossing the Gulf of Aden

Every year thousands of people in the Horn of Africa - mainly Somalis and Ethiopians - leave their homes out of fear or pure despair, in search of safety or a better life. They make their way over dangerous Somali roads to Bossaso in the northern semi-autonomous region of Puntland.

In this lawless area, smuggler networks have free reign and innocent and desperate civilians pay up to US$150 to make the perilous trip across the Gulf of Aden.

Some stay weeks on end in safe houses or temporary homes in Bossaso before they can depart. A sudden call and a departure in the middle of the night, crammed in small unstable boats. At sea, anything can happen to them - they are at the whim of smugglers. Some people get beaten, stabbed, killed and thrown overboard. Others drown before arriving on the beaches of Yemen, which have become the burial ground for hundreds who many of those who died en route.

Crossing the Gulf of Aden


In February 2005, one of the last groups of Somalilander refugees to leave Aisha refugee camp in eastern Ethiopia boarded a UNHCR convoy and headed home to Harrirad in North-west Somalia - the self-declared independent state of Somaliland. Two years ago Harrirad was a tiny, sleepy village with only 67 buildings, but today more than 1,000 people live there, nearly all of whom are former refugees rebuilding their lives.

As the refugees flow back into Somalia, UNHCR plans to close Aisha camp by the middle of the year. The few remaining refugees in Aisha - who come from southern Somalia - will most likely be moved to the last eastern camp, Kebribeyah, already home to more than 10,000 refugees who cannot go home to Mogadishu and other areas in southern Somalia because of continuing lawlessness there. So far refugees have been returning to only two areas of the country - Somaliland and Puntland in the north-east.


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