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UNHCR presents results of asylum interviews to Moroccan authorities

News Stories, 11 November 2005

The number of people lodging asylum claims at the UNHCR office in Rabat increased sharply in August and September.

GENEVA, November 11 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency said on Friday it had presented the Moroccan authorities with its initial recommendations regarding the asylum claims of some 40 individuals from sub-Saharan African countries currently located in Guelmin in southern Morocco, and said it believed at least 11 of them should be recognized as refugees.

UNHCR's team was allowed to have access to the asylum seekers all of whom had already been issued with preliminary UNHCR documentation last week, and spent three days interviewing them individually and in private on non-military premises close to Guelmin. All 40 featured on a wider list of 85 people "of concern" to UNHCR, that the agency had shared with the Moroccan authorities two weeks earlier.

"We are grateful that the authorities allowed us access to these people, and gave us adequate time to meet with them and assess whether or not they are refugees," said Johannes van der Klaauw, the head of UNHCR's office in Rabat. "Of the 40 people interviewed, our team has recommended 11, including a minor and two women, for refugee status and the authorities have accepted these decisions. We are now waiting for their release."

UNHCR's team also made several negative decisions, and identified a few fraudulent cases among the group of 40 asylum seekers. "Normally those people who receive a negative decision are allowed an appeal before a final decision is taken on their status," said van der Klaauw. "The authorities are in agreement with a simplified appeal procedure."

Later this week, UNHCR hopes to get access to other people already registered with the agency as asylum seekers who are presently in Nador camp near the Spanish enclave of Melilla.

The UN refugee agency said it is also trying, in close cooperation with the Moroccan authorities, to identify the location of other asylum seekers who have been reported missing.

"We are talking to the Moroccan authorities on a daily basis and are confident that we will be able to meet with the people of our concern and that appropriate solutions will be found for them," van der Klaauw added.

Meanwhile, UNHCR's office in Rabat is continuing to receive asylum requests.

"In Rabat, we are in the process of revisiting our internal asylum procedure in order to quickly identify persons with a genuine asylum claim and ensure a fair and efficient assessment of their cases, without any unnecessary delay," said van der Klaauw. "We hope to clear the considerable backlog in the next weeks by reinforcing our office staff and streamlining the asylum process."

The phenomenon of irregular migration in the Mediterranean region is by no means a novelty. However, during August and September this year, the number of migrants and asylum seekers trying to cross into Europe via the Spanish exclaves in North Africa Ceuta and Melilla visibly increased, and the issue came under the international spotlight as a result of a series of desperate mass attempts to storm the fences separating the two enclaves from Morocco. During the same period, the number of asylum claims submitted to UNHCR in Morocco also increased.

Registered asylum seekers normally have to undergo an in-depth status determination, before being officially recognized or rejected as refugees. Those who have a well-founded fear of persecution, or who have fled indiscriminate violence or widespread human rights violations, qualify as refugees. Those whose primary motivation is economic do not. Morocco has acceded to the 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, which spell out states' responsibilities towards refugees.

In an effort to preserve the integrity of the asylum process, UNHCR said its Rabat team has introduced a pre-screening system to quickly determine the initial validity of a claim. At the moment a total of 1,700 cases are still pending, and the agency said it hopes to interview them over the course of the next few months.

Since 2000, a total of 265 people have been recognized as refugees in Morocco.




UNHCR country pages


UNHCR advocates fair and efficient procedures for asylum-seekers

Zero-Star "Hotel" that Asylum-Seekers Call Home in Dijon

France is one of the main destinations for asylum-seekers in Europe, with some 55,000 new asylum applications in 2012. As a result of the growing number of applicants, many French cities are facing an acute shortage of accommodation for asylum-seekers.

The government is trying to address the problem and, in February 2013, announced the creation of 4,000 additional places in state-run reception centres for asylum-seekers. But many asylum-seekers are still forced to sleep rough or to occupy empty buildings. One such building, dubbed the "Refugee Hotel" by its transient population, lies on the outskirts of the eastern city of Dijon. It illustrates the critical accommodation situation.

The former meat-packing plant is home to about 100 asylum-seekers, mostly from Chad, Mali and Somalia, but also from Georgia, Kosovo and other Eastern European countries. Most are single men, but there are also two families.

In this dank, rat-infested empty building, the pipes leak and the electricity supply is sporadic. There is only one lavatory, two taps with running water, no bathing facilities and no kitchen. The asylum-seekers sleep in the former cold-storage rooms. The authorities have tried to close the squat several times. These images, taken by British photographer Jason Tanner, show the desperate state of the building and depict the people who call it home.

Zero-Star "Hotel" that Asylum-Seekers Call Home in Dijon

Sighted off Spain's Canary Islands

Despite considerable dangers, migrants seeking a better future and refugees fleeing war and persecution continue to board flimsy boats and set off across the high seas. One of the main routes into Europe runs from West Africa to Spain's Canary Islands.

Before 2006, most irregular migrants taking this route used small vessels called pateras, which can carry up to 20 people. They left mostly from Morocco and the Western Sahara on the half-day journey. The pateras have to a large extent been replaced by boats which carry up to 150 people and take three weeks to reach the Canaries from ports in West Africa.

Although only a small proportion of the almost 32,000 people who arrived in the Canary Islands in 2006 applied for asylum, the number has gone up. More than 500 people applied for asylum in 2007, compared with 359 the year before. This came at a time when the overall number of arrivals by sea went down by 75 percent during 2007.

Sighted off Spain's Canary Islands

Beyond the Border

In 2010, the Turkish border with Greece became the main entry point for people attempting by irregular methods to reach member states of the European Union, with over 132,000 arrivals. While some entered as migrants with the simple wish of finding a better life, a significant number fled violence or persecution in countries such as Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iraq and Somalia. The journey is perilous, with many reports of drowning when people board flimsy vessels and try to cross the Mediterranean Sea or the River Evros on the border between Greece and Turkey. The many deficiencies in the Greek asylum system are exacerbated by the pressure of tens of thousands of people awaiting asylum hearings. Reception facilities for new arrivals, including asylum-seekers, are woefully inadequate. Last year, UNHCR visited a number of overcrowded facilities where children, men and women were detained in cramped rooms with insufficient facilities. UNHCR is working with the Greek government to improve its asylum system and has called upon other European states to offer support.

Beyond the Border

Greece: Ramping up refugee receptionPlay video

Greece: Ramping up refugee reception

UNHCR staff are working with Government authorities, NGOs and volunteers on the beaches of the Greek island of Lesvos to receive cold, wet and fearful asylum seekers making landfall around the clock. They wrap them in thermal blankets and take them to warm, safe emergency accommodation at transit sites, with power and Wi-Fi connectivity.
Italy: Mediterranean RescuePlay video

Italy: Mediterranean Rescue

The Italy Navy rescues hundreds of migrants and asylum seekers on the high seas as the numbers of people undertaking the crossing of the Mediterranean from North Africa grows.
Italy: Waiting for AsylumPlay video

Italy: Waiting for Asylum

Sicily has a high number of asylum-seekers because of its location in the south of Italy. In 2011, Cara Mineo was set up to provide asylum-seekers with a place to live while their applications were processed. Today, more than 4,000 people stay there and must wait up to a year for a decision on their applications.