UNHCR's Guterres and new Assistant High Commissioner urge more international attention for Africa's forgotten trouble spots

News Stories, 6 March 2006

© UNHCR/K.McKinsey
High Commissioner António Guterres at a feeding centre for malnourished children in Burundi last week. The High Commissioner is calling for a coordinated approach to the many challenges facing the Great Lakes region.

GENEVA, March 6 (UNHCR) Returning from a one-week mission to the Great Lakes, High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres called on the international community Monday to increase its support to the African region at a crucial time in its troubled history.

"The first impression is one of hope," he said during a news conference in Geneva, where he was joined by UNHCR's new Assistant High Commissioner Judy Cheng-Hopkins, who had just returned from a separate mission to Chad. "The resilience of the people is making possible what everywhere else would be a miracle. My appeal to the international community is to provide the conditions for these hopes to be translated into reality. That will require a bigger engagement in the years and months to come."

The High Commissioner last week visited the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. In the first three countries, he was on an unprecedented mission with the heads of the two other largest UN humanitarian agencies, James Morris of the World Food Programme (WFP) and Ann Veneman of the children's fund, UNICEF.

The delegation's first stop was in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where, the High Commissioner said, massive human rights violations are still taking place in some of the eastern provinces due to the extremely precarious political situation.

"According to the lowest of the figures I received, and there are much higher estimates," he said, "the number of rapes in 2005 in the eastern parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was 25,000. This is something intolerable in today's world."

The High Commissioner stressed the importance of supporting the efforts of the Congolese government in building a well-trained and disciplined national army in order to improve the country's human rights situation.

"At the moment," he said, "the armed forces are an important factor of insecurity: not only do they not guarantee security, they actually commit human rights violations themselves. The international community has to do more to help the governments train and discipline its army and for this, the government needs salaries to pay its soldiers and food to feed them."

Guterres also highlighted the need for a coordinated approach in finding solutions for the region, which shelters hundreds of thousands of refugees and has been the recent theatre of some of the worst violence and atrocities the world has seen since World War II. In the DRC alone, an estimated 4 million people have died.

The High Commissioner said a global approach was needed not only on the political level, but also in the humanitarian field, noting this first joint mission was a clear signal of the UN's commitment to team-work. He used the example of the drought that is currently affecting eastern and central Africa to explain why a coordinated approach between humanitarian agencies is crucial.

"Many of the displacement problems we have today, and I am talking of tens of thousands of people, are not to do with persecution or conflict but with hunger," he said, adding that UNHCR and WFP will need to work together even more closely on this issue. "We have to address food security to avoid displacement. People should not have to leave their country to be able to receive assistance, but often it is easier for Burundians to find food in a refugee camp in Tanzania than in their village in Burundi."

UNHCR's new Assistant High Commissioner for Operations, Judy Cheng-Hopkins, also spoke at Monday's news conference. Cheng-Hopkins was just back from a six-day trip to Chad, her first mission since taking office in mid-February. UNHCR runs 12 camps for more than 200,000 refugees from the Darfur region of Sudan in eastern Chad.

After more than three years of violence and persecution, the flight of Sudanese from Darfur continues, with more than 100 Sudanese a day arriving at Gaga camp in eastern Chad.

This massive influx of refugees into eastern Chad, one of the world's most arid and poorest regions, is very problematic for the host country, Cheng-Hopkins said.

"We have to recognise that the refugees' presence is causing environmental damage," she said. "Lack of water, lack of firewood we are really talking basic necessities are causing tensions with the local population. We have to focus on projects to help the host communities as well as refugees."

The Assistant High Commissioner also expressed concern at a worrying trend developing in the south of Chad, where thousands of refugees have arrived from the neighbouring Central African Republic (CAR) in recent months.

"We really cannot afford in a country as fragile as Chad to have two areas of insecurity, one in the east and one in the south, with all sorts of movements across the borders," she said, calling the situation in CAR one of the world's forgotten emergencies.

Since the middle of last year, thousands of people have fled growing insecurity in northern CAR caused by a mixture of armed insurgency against the Bangui government, military reprisals against northern villages where the insurgents are thought to be hiding, and widespread banditry.

"At the moment, there are some 47,000 refugees from CAR in southern Chad," she said. "The international community has to act now rather than let the south and CAR degenerate to the point where we have another Darfur. We really cannot afford that."





Advocacy is a key element in UNHCR activities to protect people of concern.

The High Commissioner

Filippo Grandi, who took office on January 1 2016, is the UN refugee agency's 11th High Commissioner.

2015 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres presents the Nansen medal to Afghan refugee, Aqeela Asifi in Geneva, Switzerland.

Asifi, 49, has dedicated her life to bringing education to refugee girls in Pakistan. Despite minimal resources and significant cultural challenges, Asifi - a former teacher who fled from Kabul with her family in 1992 - has guided over a thousand refugee girls through primary education in the Kot Chandana refugee village in Mianwali, Pakistan.

Before she arrived, strict cultural traditions kept most girls at home. But she was determined to give these girls a chance and began teaching just a handful of pupils in a makeshift school tent.

UNHCR's Nansen Refugee Award honours extraordinary service to the forcibly displaced, and names Eleanor Roosevelt, Graça Machel and Luciano Pavarotti among its laureates. Speakers and performers at today's award ceremony include UNHCR Honorary Lifetime Goodwill Ambassador Barbara Hendricks, UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Ger Duany, Unicef Goodwill Ambassador and singer Angelique Kidjo and visual artist Cedric Cassimo.

Afghanistan is the largest, most protracted refugee crisis in the world. Over 2.6 million Afghans currently live in exile and over half of them are children.

2015 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

Victims of Conflict in Nigeria Find Safety in Cameroon Camp

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres visited Cameroon in late March to put a spotlight on the situation there of tens of thousands of refugees from Nigeria. These people have escaped mounting violence by insurgents in the north-east of their country. Among the places that Guterres visited during his March 24-25 visit is the Minawao Refugee Camp, where many of the uprooted have been relocated.

Situated some 120 kilometres from the dangerous border area with Nigeria in Cameroon's Far North region, Minawao camp is currently home to 33,000 Nigerian refugees, mainly from Borno state. Many of the arrivals are traumatized and in need of material and psycho-social help. They told the High Commissioner of losing their homes and belongings as well as members of their families. Some were injured. In total, an estimated 74,000 Nigerians have found refuge in Cameroon while cross-border incursions from Nigeria have displaced 96,000 Cameroonians. UNHCR photographer Hélène Caux also visited Minawao to hear the individual stories.

Victims of Conflict in Nigeria Find Safety in Cameroon Camp

UNHCR chief meets Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

On 1 August, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres travelled to northern Burkina Faso with the United States' Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (BRPM), Anne Richard. In Damba camp, they met with Malian refugees who had fled northern Mali in the past six months to escape the ongoing conflict and political instability. To date, more than 250,000 Malian refugees have fled their homes and found refuge in neighbouring countries, including 107,000 in Burkina Faso alone. The UN refugee agency has only received one-third of the US$153 million it needs to provide life-saving assistance such as shelter, water, sanitation, health services, nutrition and protection to the refugees. UNHCR fears that the volatile political and humanitarian situation in Mali could lead to further outflows to neighbouring countries.

UNHCR chief meets Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

Hopes, fears and the way forwardPlay video

Hopes, fears and the way forward

António Guterres, who served as UN High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015, reflects on the dramatic acceleration of displacement around the world and calls for a surge in diplomacy for peace in an interview with his chief spokesperson, Melissa Fleming.
High Commissioner Guterres Remarks on the resettlement of Refugees from Bhutan in NepalPlay video

High Commissioner Guterres Remarks on the resettlement of Refugees from Bhutan in Nepal

The UN refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) marked a major milestone: the resettlement of over 100,000 refugees from Bhutan in Nepal to third countries since the launch of the programme in 2007.
Turkey: World Refugee Day visitsPlay video

Turkey: World Refugee Day visits

On World Refugee Day the UNHCR High Commissioner, António Guterres, along with Special Envoy Angelina Jolie, travelled to southeastern Turkey, the home of hundreds of thousands of refugees from conflicts in Syria and Iraq. They were in the midyat refugee camp to see conditions for these people and to issue a warning to the world.