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First phase of Timor emergency airlift complete, tents reach Dili displaced

News Stories, 9 June 2006

© UNHCR/A.Rummery
Veteran UNHCR site planner Ghassem Fardanesh directs volunteers as they pitch a lightweight tent at Dili's Comoro Airport. Airlifts have brought in 1,000 tents and other emergency supplies this week.

DILI, Timor-Leste, June 9 (UNHCR) UNHCR's emergency response team on Friday began distributing tents and blankets to some of the most crowded camps in the Timor-Leste capital Dili, where people have fled violence, looting and arson attacks over the past five weeks.

The first 1,000 tents are on the ground in Dili, part of some 56 tonnes of supplies delivered in the first phase of UNHCR's airlift to Timor-Leste. This was completed on Friday with the arrival of a third Antonov-12 flight from the northern Australian city of Darwin.

The flights ferried tents, blankets, plastic sheeting and jerry cans, which were picked up earlier in the week from UNHCR's regional stockpile in Jordan and flown to Australia aboard two Boeing 747s. A further 150 tonnes of aid is due to arrive from Darwin by barge on Monday, which will mean there is enough immediate aid for some 17,000 people.

UNHCR plans to send 400 tonnes of supplies in phases, but needs more donor help. "We urgently need funding of some US$4.8 million for our operation to help tens of thousands of displaced people in Timor-Leste. So far funds have been slow in arriving, with only $286,000 from Australia, $185,000 from private donors in Australia, and 50,000 Euros from the Government of Germany," the refugee agency's chief spokesman Ron Redmond told reporters in Geneva on Friday. "We hope with the launch of the UN Flash Appeal shortly that donors will give generously," he added.

UNHCR on Friday distributed 98 tents to four sites, including camps at Dili's Comoro Airport, Don Bosco College and the Canossian Sisters Convent, Balide. Forty tents were also given to the National Hospital for staff whose houses have been torched.

Under the supervision of veteran UNHCR site planner, Ghassem Fardanesh, land was cleared to pitch the tents at Don Bosco College and the airport. Fardanesh also showed camp representatives and organisers how to erect the tents.

Edio da Costa, elected humanitarian coordinator at the airport camp, welcomed the arrival of the tents and said they would go a long way to ease congestion and improve conditions at the site. People fleeing instability in Dili have been arriving at the site since the end of April and more than 4,800 displaced people have been registered there.

The strong foreign troop presence at the airport reassures them, but there is little in the way of shelter or other facilities. "There is a lack of food, shelter and tents and I'm very concerned about the health risk. My two daughters have begun coughing over the past few days," da Costa said.

Da Costa arrived at the camp in late May when a wave of arson and looting swept his neighbourhood. "Many groups are out to loot homes. We are scared they will take all our belongings," said the civil servant, who has organised two dozen volunteers to register arrivals and do other jobs around the camp.

One of those volunteers, Hernnio Godinho, helped put up the first tent. "These tents will give people some privacy and protection, and shield them from the weather," said Godinho.

The lightweight, tunnel tents were designed by Fardanesh and first used in Aceh after the tsunami of December 2004. They are waterproof, have a built-in floor and mosquito netting, and will comfortably hold a family of 5-7 people.

"The current plan is to place the tents in U-shaped groups, with services like water, latrines and garbage disposal in the immediate vicinity for each community," Fardanesh said. "The doors will open around a common area, with a private area at the back for people to cook, wash and store firewood.

Emergency supplies are also being distributed to churches, which host some of the largest populations of displaced people. On Friday, 10 tents and 1,500 blankets were delivered to a convent run by the Canossian Sisters. More than 8,000 people have been formally registered at the site, but convent head Sister Guilhermina Marcal said the number swells to up to 13,000 at night.

© UNHCR/A.Rummery
The first UNHCR tent goes up at Dili's Comoro Airport. Airlifts have brought 1,000 tents and other emergency supplies to Timor-Leste this week.

Overcrowding and lack of sanitation are the biggest concerns. UNHCR emergency staff visited the site on Friday to try and determine urgent needs and to decide on the best places to pitch the tents.

For Sister Marcal, however, security remains a concern. "We never know what is going to happen. Before, we knew who is the enemy, but now we have no idea," she said. "We have about 35 men who help provide security, but more or less every night people are trying to come into the compound," she added, while calling on the Australian military to send troops to protect the camp.

By Ariane Rummery in Dili, Timor-Leste

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Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.4: UNHCR Sets Up Camps

With the first wave of UNHCR's air and sea operation to rush relief supplies to Timor-Leste completed, the focus is now on improving the living conditions of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) living in crowded, unsanitary makeshift camps around Dili.

Many of the 69,000 displaced in Dili have told UNHCR they prefer to stay near the makeshift sites where they feel safe. In response, UNHCR has begun searching for additional sites around these areas to clear ground, pitch tents and decongest the existing makeshift shelters. Not all makeshift sites are suitable for expansion, so UNHCR is moving ahead with the establishment and planning of new sites.

UNHCR has sent an assessment team to the countryside where some 78,000 Timorese have sought refuge. Many displaced are staying with relatives, while others are sheltering in huts, offices, church building and spontaneous camp sites. We are now delivering assistance to some of these people.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.4: UNHCR Sets Up Camps

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.3: UNHCR's Air and Sea Relief Delivery Operation

Rushing emergency relief supplies to tens of thousands of displaced people in the strife-hit Timor-Leste has been a top priority for the UN refugee agency.

On Monday, the first phase of the air and sea operation ferrying in 200 metric tonnes of tents, blankets, plastic sheeting and kitchen sets, was completed.

Last week four Antonov-12 flights flew in 56 tonnes of supplies, and on Monday 12 June, a freighter crossed the Timor Sea from Darwin, loaded with 150 tonnes of supplies, flown in earlier from UNHCR's regional Middle East stockpiles in Jordan to the northern Australian city. There are now shelter supplies on the ground for some 17,000 people.

Working closely with partners on the ground, UNHCR's emergency team is already improving living conditions at the crowded, unsanitary makeshift camps around the capital Dili, and starting to establish planned camps.

Security is still a major concern for the displaced, traumatised by the house burning, looting and violence. UNHCR urgently needs US$4.8 million for its Timor-Leste emergency operation.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.3: UNHCR's Air and Sea Relief Delivery Operation

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.1: Recent Violence

June 2006

Recent violence in Timor-Leste has displaced about 100,000 people, with 65,000 sheltering in 40 squalid encampments in the capital, Dili, and a further 35,000 taking refuge in the countryside. A UNHCR assessment team visited the makeshift camps in Dili end May and reported the most critical humanitarian needs, aside from security, were food, clean water and shelter.

In a phased response to the crisis and as part of a joint UN effort, UNHCR deployed an emergency team to reinforce staff on the ground and is now airlifting in urgently needed supplies for some 30,000 displaced. The first flight, which arrived in Dili on June 5, brought 14 tonnes of lightweight family tents, plastic sheets and jerry cans from UNHCR stockpiles in Jordan.

UNHCR and its partners will use these items to establish new, planned camps for the displaced, where they can live in better conditions and assistance will be easier to deliver, until the security situation improves and they can return to their homes.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.1: Recent Violence

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