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Heavy monsoon rains force relocation of quake survivors in Kashmir

News Stories, 24 July 2006

© UNHCR
Facing threats of landslides, families in this village near Muzaffarabad prepare to be relocated to a camp nearby.

MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan, July 24 (UNHCR) Some 3,880 earthquake survivors have been relocated to relief camps from villages at risk of landslides as heavy monsoon rains pound quake-affected areas of northern Pakistan.

The relocation exercise was completed over the weekend after four weeks of intense efforts by the Camp Management Organisation (CMO) in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the UN refugee agency and the UN Children's Fund.

The earthquake of October 8 last year killed more than 73,000 people, totally destroyed a hundred villages and laid waste hundreds more, leaving many at risk of further aftershocks and landslides.

Earlier this year, the Pakistan government conducted a survey of these villages to assess their safety for displaced people who wanted to return and for those who never left. There were concerns that more than 50,000 people might have to be moved from villages in Pakistan-administered Kashmir to existing camps until next spring. As it turned out, fortunately, the numbers were much lower most villages were only partially at risk.

To prepare the affected villagers for relocation before the onset of monsoon rains around mid-July, a mass information campaign was launched in the second half of June. The relocation was mandatory due to the risks involved, but the villagers had a choice as to which camp they wanted to move to. They were allowed to take with them all their belongings. Some villagers chose to go to their families or rent land to pitch their tents, but a great majority opted for the existing camps in and around the provincial capital, Muzaffarabad.

Most of the camps are fairly close to the evacuated villages. So the evacuees have easy access to the city, where many work, as well as to their village of origin, where they may want to visit.

In Brora, Shafaqat, a young boy of 11 with bright eyes and a smiling face was waiting with his family of six to be relocated to Meira Tanolia camp. Their house on the other side of the mountain collapsed during the earthquake, and Shafaqat lost a brother and a sister when the school building was destroyed. They moved to this side of the mountain. Now, they had to move again.

The affected villages were often not accessible by road, and the terrain was difficult and dangerous. During relocation, the CMO officials and partners were seen climbing up breathless, with their shirts stuck to their backs from sweat, trying to reach these villages, check names against the registration list and move the villagers on UNHCR-funded IOM transport to their destinations.

UNHCR, CMO and other agencies provided the same assistance to all relocating villagers two tents for each family, with bedding and other food and relief items. Camps have also been provided with better water and power supplies and new sanitation facilities.

© UNHCR/S.Dabiri
In Makri Bala village, widow Zohra chose to relocate to a camp with her neighbours instead of going to a refuge for widows and orphans.

Standing in the doorway of her home with a six-week-old baby in her arms, Zohra was waiting to be transported to her new home in the Deryan Seydan camp. Just 22 years old, her young face was lined with sadness and bewilderment. She had been through a horrific earthquake, and a few days ago she lost her husband in a road accident. Her village, Makri Bala, slopes onto the Neelum river bank and was seriously damaged in the 1992 floods.

Despite all that, she had not lost her willpower. She had been offered relocation to a refuge for widows and orphans run by Al-Khobaib, a Turkish non-governmental organisation. She refused, choosing instead to join her fellow villagers in Deryan Seydan camp an important first step in facing the future.

By Solmaz Dabiri in Muzaffarabad, Pakistan

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UNHCR country pages

Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

With winter fast approaching and well over a million people reported homeless in quake-stricken Pakistan, UNHCR and its partners are speeding up the delivery and distribution of hundreds of tonnes of tents, blankets and other relief supplies from around the world.

In all, the NATO-UNHCR airlift, which began on 19 October, will deliver a total of 860 tonnes of supplies from our stockpiles in Iskenderun, Turkey. Separately, by 25 October, UNHCR-chartered aircraft had so far delivered 14 planeloads of supplies to Pakistan from the agency's stocks in Copenhagen, Dubai and Jordan.

On the ground, UNHCR is continuing to distribute aid supplies in the affected areas to help meet some of the massive needs of an estimated 3 million people.

Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

Pakistan Earthquake: The Initial Response

The UN refugee agency is providing hundreds of tonnes of urgently needed relief supplies for victims in northern Pakistan. UNHCR is sending family tents, hospital tents, plastic sheeting, mattresses, kitchen sets, blankets and other items from its global stockpiles. Within a few days of the earthquake, just as its substantial local stocks were all but exhausted, UNHCR began a series of major airlifts from its warehouses around the world, including those in Denmark, Dubai, Jordan and Turkey.

UNHCR does not normally respond to natural disasters, but it quickly joined the UN humanitarian effort because of the sheer scale of the destruction, because the quake affected thousands of Afghan refugees, and because the agency has been operational in Pakistan for more than two decades. North West Frontier Province (NWFP), one of the regions most severely affected by the quake, hosts 887,000 Afghan refugees in camps.

While refugees remain the main focus of UNHCR's concern, the agency is integrated into the coordinated UN emergency response to help quake victims.

Pakistan Earthquake: The Initial Response

Pakistan Earthquake: Major push to Bring in Aid before Winter

With the snow line dropping daily, the race to get relief supplies into remote mountain areas of Pakistani-administered Kashmir intensifies. In a major push to bring aid to the people in the Leepa Valley, heavy-lift Chinook helicopters from the British Royal Air force airlifted in 240 tonnes of UNHCR emergency supplies, including tents, plastic sheeting, stoves, and kitchen sets.

At lower elevations, UNHCR and its partners have dispatched emergency teams to camps to train members of the Pakistani military in site planning, camp management, winterization and the importance of water and sanitation – all crucial to containing disease during the long winter ahead.

By mid-November, UNHCR had provided a total of 19,356 tents, 152,325 blankets, 71,395 plastic sheets and tens of thousands of jerry cans, kitchen sets and other supplies. More of the agency's supplies are continuing to arrive in Pakistan on various airlifts, including a 103-flight joint NATO/UNHCR airlift from Turkey. Other UNHCR airlifts have brought in supplies from the agency's warehouses in Jordan, Dubai and Denmark.

Pakistan Earthquake: Major push to Bring in Aid before Winter

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