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Hundreds of new flats honour pledge of refugee integration in Serbia

News Stories, 2 August 2007

© UNHCR/V.Samardzic
The Zivkovic family, one of the refugee families that has received a flat under the local integration programme in Serbia.

PETROVAC, Serbia, 2 August (UNHCR) The smiling faces of Nina, Damir and son Neven Orlic showing their contract on the new apartment in Krajiska Street in Petrovac, Serbia reveal their happiness.

With their voices echoing from the bare, painted walls and ceramic tiles of their new 35 square metre apartment, they relate plans to furnish it and surprise their daughter Nikita, a member of the Serbian volleyball team abroad preparation for the next championship. The new flat is the dream-come-true for the Orlics, who arrived in Petrovac 12 years ago from Knin, Croatia.

Their next door neighbour is the Zivkovic family from Vrginmost, also in Croatia. When they first arrived in 1996, Svjetlana and Sveta had a baby daughter, Mirjana. Milena was born the following year. And two years ago the girls got twin brothers, Djoko and Stefan.

With four children, Zivkovic family was entitled to a larger flat in a new 44-apartment building constructed by the German humanitarian NGO HELP, funded by the EC and managed by the European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR).

The apartment building in Petrovac, which opened on 5 July, is one in a line of similar activities implemented by HELP. Days before, a similar building with 23 flats was handed over to refugee families in Obrenovac, near the capital Belgrade.

In addition to providing housing for refugee and vulnerable families, HELP has focused on improving economic activities. The organisation received funding of over €1.5 million for two years by EC/EAR to implement activities under the project, which was entitled "Supporting the National Strategy for Resolving the Problems of Refugees and IDPs through Support for Individual Living and Livelihood Enhancement".

With a new power saw and other basic equipment worth €1,200 donated by HELP, Svjetlana and Sveta Zivkovic can not only make their own furniture for the new flat but assist their neighbours and significantly enhance their family budget.

The two-storey building was built on a plot donated, along with the infrastructure, by the municipality of Petrovac. Assistance was provided by the Serbian Commissioner for Refugees under the system established when the UN refugee agency first started implementing programmes for refugee integration in Serbia in 1997. Ever since, and with the help of various donors, thousands of refugees from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina who chose to integrate in Serbia received new housing, along with business opportunities that helped them become economically self-sufficient.

The work of international organizations to solve the housing problem, a main obstacle to refugee integration in Serbia, has helped reduce the number of collective accommodation centres. The number fell from over 400 centres hosting more than 29,000 refugees in 2001, to 67 centres with 6,700 beneficiaries in 2007, the majority of them people displaced from Kosovo.

With plans currently underway for up to 800 apartments to be handed to integrated refugees and other vulnerable population by the end of this year, Serbia will take a major step to achieving goals set by the Sarajevo Declaration signed in January 2005.

With assistance from UNHCR, OSCE and EU, the representatives of governments from Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia made a commitment to help remove all obstacles in the way of return and integration of refugees in the region. The time frame to achieve that and close the refugee saga was originally the end of 2006, but it took much longer.

Serbia hosts nearly 300,000 refugees and internally displaced persons the biggest number of such people in the region. For most, after 12 years of living here the preferred solution is integration. The hundreds of new flats being built by international and local organizations in Serbia this season will bring that promise of the Sarajevo Declaration closer.

By Vesna Petkovic in Petrovac, Serbia




UNHCR country pages

Serbia: Europe's forgotten refugees

A study of the lives of three Europeans who have been living as refugees in Serbia for more than 15 years.

Serbia is the only European country with a protracted refugee population. More than 90,000 refugees from Croatia and from Bosnia and Herzegovina remain there, victims of wars that erupted after the break-up of the former Yugoslavia in 1991.

These long-term refugees live under appalling conditions in dingy apartments and overcrowded collective centres – the nearest thing to refugee camps in modern Europe.

This set of pictures tells the story of three displaced people, the problems they face and their hopes for the future.

Serbia: Europe's forgotten refugees

A Place to Call Home(Part 2): 1996 - 2003

This gallery highlights the history of UNHCR's efforts to help some of the world's most disenfranchised people to find a place called home, whether through repatriation, resettlement or local integration.

After decades of hospitality after World War II, as the global political climate changed and the number of people cared for by UNHCR swelled from around one million in 1951, to more than 27 million people in the mid-1990s, the welcome mat for refugees was largely withdrawn.

Voluntary repatriation has become both the preferred and only practical solution for today's refugees. In fact, the great majority of them choose to return to their former homes, though for those who cannot do so for various reasons, resettlement in countries like the United States and Australia, and local integration within regions where they first sought asylum, remain important options.

This gallery sees Rwandans returning home after the 1994 genocide; returnees to Kosovo receiving reintegration assistance; Guatemalans obtaining land titles in Mexico; and Afghans flocking home in 2003 after decades in exile.

A Place to Call Home(Part 2): 1996 - 2003

A Place to Call Home (Part 1): 1953 - 1995

Based on the 2004 World Refugee Day theme, "A place to call home: Rebuilding lives in safety and dignity", this two-part gallery highlights the history of UNHCR's efforts to help some of the world's most disenfranchised people to find a place called home, whether through repatriation, resettlement or local integration.

In more than a half century of humanitarian work, the UN refugee agency has helped more than 50 million uprooted people across the globe to successfully restart their lives.

Following the end of World War II and in the prevailing climate of the Cold War, many refugees, including those fleeing Soviet-dominated countries or the aftermath of the conflict in Indo China, were welcomed by the countries to which they initially fled or resettled in states even further afield.

In Part 1 of the gallery, a family restarts its life in New Zealand in the 1950s after years in a German camp; Vietnamese children make their first snowman in Sweden; while two sisters rebuild their home after returning to post-war Mozambique in the early 1990s.

A Place to Call Home (Part 1): 1953 - 1995

Serbia: Presevo Crossing from FYR MacedoniaPlay video

Serbia: Presevo Crossing from FYR Macedonia

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The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Refugees Onward JourneyPlay video

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A transit centre at Vinojug, on FYR Macedonia's border with Greece is where the refugees and migrants pass through on their journey further into Europe. Here UNHCR and partner organisations provide food, water, medical care, psycho-social support and information for refugees who take the train towards the border with Serbia. UNHCR also provides information on how to access the asylum system in the country. In recent weeks, an average of 6,300 refugees pass through the camp every day, yesterday that number grew to 10,000, a record.
Croatia: From One Border To The NextPlay video

Croatia: From One Border To The Next

Update from one of the few border crossings between Serbia and Croatia still open to refugees and migrants to cross from. Hundreds piled up at the border every few hours, they were then taken either directly to the border with Hungary or to a transit centre a few kilometres away to wait for their turn to be taken onto buses to the next border stop.