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Resettled African refugees arrive in Amsterdam

News Stories, 3 August 2007

© UNHCR/I.Griek
Burundian children who arrived in the Netherlands from refugee camps in Tanzania to start new lives.

AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, August 2, 2007 (UNHCR) A group of Congolese and Burundese refugees touched down at Schiphol airport early in the morning with a joyful "Goedemorgen," ready to start new lives in the Netherlands.

The 47 refugees arrived on Wednesday in the framework of the Dutch resettlement programme, which will benefit a total of 94 Burundian and Congolese refugees from Tanzania. Arriving after a long journey from refugee camps in Tanzania, they proudly greeted staff from the Dutch Central Reception Agency (COA), UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration with the Dutch words for "good morning".

The group included women some with babies men and teenagers. "I am very happy to be in the Netherlands," said young Samuel who, like many members of this group, had lived in refugee camps in Tanzania, such as Kigoma and Nyarugusu, for almost 10 years.

"Life in the camps was very difficult; we had a lot of problems", explained Emmanuel, another refugee. Local integration was not an option in Tanzania, nor did these refugees have any foreseeable prospects of voluntary repatriation.

On the recommendation of UNHCR, they were accepted for the Dutch resettlement programme. The whole process started back in April 2007 with a Dutch resettlement mission to Tanzania when the Dutch Immigration and Naturalization Service, together with UNHCR, selected candidates for resettlement.

Some weeks later, the COA organized a cultural orientation course in Tanzania to familiarize the refugees with the Netherlands and Dutch society. Refugees were shown a video on daily life in the Netherlands; many had practical questions about topics ranging from the weather to housing, from the use of washing machines to health care services, from cycling to access to work.

"It was useful because we learned about life and our rights in the Netherlands," remembered teenage boy Malega, who attended the course. At the end of the training now a standard component of the Dutch resettlement process each participant received a certificate.

After their arrival at Amsterdam airport, the immediate destination for the refugees was AZC Amersfoort, a reception centre where resettled refugees live until housing is allocated in a Dutch municipality.

As residents of the centre, they receive additional cultural and language induction courses to help them prepare for integration in the Netherlands. Dutch classes at various levels are available, including a specific course for illiterate resettled refugees.

In three months, the refugees will have a formal identity card, a bank account and a house in a Dutch municipality. The Dutch government began placing refugees in groups based on two main criteria: the refugees have the same nationality and come from the same camp, having been selected during the same resettlement mission. This benefits the refugees, who know each other before arrival. It is also appreciated by the receiving municipalities, which see resettlement in groups helps integration.

The Netherlands was one of the first European countries to implement a refugee resettlement plan, starting in 1984. Since 1987, this country has welcomed 500 "invited refugees" each year.

This group of Congolese and Burundese refugees was preceded by 37 Burundian refugees from Kigoma, Tanzania, who arrived in Amsterdam on 27 June. Ten other refugees flew independently from the two groups.

"Now I am here," concludes Emmanuel with a smile, before getting on the bus taking him to the reception centre. "The future will be good."

By Ilse Griek in Amsterdam, Netherlands

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Resettlement

An alternative for those who cannot go home, made possible by UNHCR and governments.

Resettlement from Tunisia's Choucha Camp

Between February and October 2011, more than 1 million people crossed into Tunisia to escape conflict in Libya. Most were migrant workers who made their way home or were repatriated, but the arrivals included refugees and asylum-seekers who could not return home or live freely in Tunisia.

UNHCR has been trying to find solutions for these people, most of whom ended up in the Choucha Transit Camp near Tunisia's border with Libya. Resettlement remains the most viable solution for those registered as refugees at Choucha before a cut-off date of December 1, 2011.

As of late April, 14 countries had accepted 2,349 refugees for resettlement, 1,331 of whom have since left Tunisia. The rest are expected to leave Choucha later this year. Most have gone to Australia, Norway and the United States. But there are a more than 2,600 refugees and almost 140 asylum-seekers still in the camp. UNHCR continues to advocate with resettlement countries to find solutions for them.

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Abdu finds his voice in Germany

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The family fled to Lebanon where they shared a small flat with Ahmad's two brothers and sisters and their children. Ahmad found sporadic work which kept them going, but he knew that in Lebanon his six-year-old son, Abdu, who was born deaf, would have little chance for help.

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A year on, Abdu has undergone cochlear implant surgery for the second time. He now sports two new hearing aids which, when worn together, allow him to hear 90 per cent. He has also joined a regular nursery class, where he is learning for the first time to speak - German in school and now Arabic at home. Ahmed is likewise studying German in a nearby village, and in two months he will graduate with a language certificate and start looking for work. He says that he is proud at how quickly Abdu is learning and integrating.

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