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Almost 100 Roma return to Kosovo city

News Stories, 18 October 2007

© UNHCR/S.Halili
Returnees unload their belongings from a UNHCR pick-up after arriving in Roma Mahala.

MITROVICA, Kosovo, October 16 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has helped 92 members of Kosovo's minority Roma, Ashkalia and Egyptian (RAE) communities to return to their home district in the divided city of Mitrovica.

The returnees, from 18 families, arrived back in the city's southern district of Roma Mahala on Monday and Tuesday. They had fled from Mitrovica in 1999 and found shelter in northern areas of Kosovo as well as Montenegro and the city of Novi Sad in Serbia.

The 92 Roma moved into two new apartment blocks in Roma Mahala, which was destroyed after its 8,000 inhabitants fled eight years ago fearing attacks from extremists. The municipality of Mitrovica granted the land on which the new apartment blocks were built.

The returnees were welcomed back by UNHCR officials and by Fatmire Berisha, deputy president of the municipal assembly in Mitrovica, who pledged to assist their reintegration. "We are pleased to see people coming back to their homes ... to start a new life," said Sunil Thapa, head of the UNHCR field office in Mitrovica.

Returnees receive food and non-food packages for an initial period of three months. The UN refugee agency will help and advise them in areas such as property rights, socio-economic rights, civil registration, and capacity-building and income-generating initiatives.

UNHCR began the assisted return of displaced RAE community members to Roma Mahala in March, when 118 people came back. The returnees have said they do not see security as a major issue, but police will patrol the area.

Minire,* a mother of two, was happy to be back after eight years spent in a series of collective centres. "We lived with poverty, without proper hygienic conditions, and my children were sick many times," she recalled. "I have been crying with happiness during these past few days," Minire added.

There are few employment opportunities in Roma Mahala, though enterprising residents have set up a handful of small businesses, including an internet café, a bar and a dressmaking shop. Minire hopes she can use her skills as a trained hairdresser to make some money.

Siblings Agron,* 11, and Lumnije,* 10, were too young to remember the district, but they were excited about moving into a new home and busily helped their parents take their belongings into one of the apartment blocks. They were also looking forward to enrolling in school.

"We changed places so often and for some time we were obliged to pay rent for a flat," said their mother, recalling their long absence in the north of Kosovo. "I mainly did housework during those seven to eight years."

This week's operation was conducted as part of the Roma Mahala Return Project, which is being coordinated by the municipal authorities in cooperation with UNHCR and other partners such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the United Nations Mission in Kosovo and the Danish Refugee Council. It is one of the biggest return projects in Kosovo.

During the March-June 1999 conflict in Kosovo, more than 900,000 ethnic Albanians were forced to flee Kosovo. They returned when NATO troops entered Kosovo the exodus of some 200,000 Serbs, Roma, Ashkalia, Egyptians and other minorities began within days. Some 17,300 of them have since returned to their homes in Kosovo, according to UNHCR estimates.

The Ibar River running through Mitrovica has since 1999 become a symbol of Kosovo's division, with ethnic Albanians living in the south of the city and Serbs concentrated in the north. UNHCR estimates that there are some 21,000 people belonging to all communities displaced within Kosovo.

* Names changed for protection reasons.

By Peninah Muriithi and Shpend Halili in Mitrovica, Kosovo

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Return to Swat Valley

Thousands of displaced Pakistanis board buses and trucks to return home, but many remain in camps for fear of being displaced again.

Thousands of families displaced by violence in north-west Pakistan's Swat Valley and surrounding areas are returning home under a government-sponsored repatriation programme. Most cited positive reports about the security situation in their home areas as well as the unbearable heat in the camps as key factors behind their decision to return. At the same time, many people are not yet ready to go back home. They worry about their safety and the lack of access to basic services and food back in Swat. Others, whose homes were destroyed during the conflict, are worried about finding accommodation. UNHCR continues to monitor people's willingness to return home while advocating for returns to take place in safety and dignity. The UN refugee agency will provide support for the transport of vulnerable people wishing to return, and continue to distribute relief items to the displaced while assessing the emergency shelter needs of returnees. More than 2 million people have been displaced since early May in north-west Pakistan. Some 260,000 found shelter in camps, but the vast majority have been staying with host families or in rented homes or school buildings.

Return to Swat Valley

Tanzanian refugees return to Zanzibar

The UN refugee agency has successfully completed the voluntary repatriation of 38 Tanzanian refugees from Zanzibar who had been residing in the Somalia capital, Mogadishu, for more than a decade. The group, comprising 12 families, was flown on two special UNHCR-chartered flights from Mogadishu to Zanzibar on July 6, 2012. From there, seven families were accompanied back to their home villages on Pemba Island, while five families opted to remain and restart their lives on the main Zanzibar island of Unguja. The heads of households were young men when they left Zanzibar in January 2001, fleeing riots and violence following the October 2000 elections there. They were among 2,000 refugees who fled from the Tanzanian island of Pemba. The remainder of the Tanzanian refugee community in Mogadishu, about 70 people, will wait and see how the situation unfolds for those who went back before making a final decision on their return.

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The Reality of Return in Afghanistan

Beyond the smiles of homecoming lie the harsh realities of return. With more than 5 million Afghans returning home since 2002, Afghanistan's absorption capacity is reaching saturation point.

Landmine awareness training at UNHCR's encashment centres – their first stop after returning from decades in exile – is a sombre reminder of the immense challenges facing this war-torn country. Many returnees and internally displaced Afghans are struggling to rebuild their lives. Some are squatting in tents in the capital, Kabul. Basic needs like shelter, land and safe drinking water are seldom met. Jobs are scarce, and long queues of men looking for work are a common sight in marketplaces.

Despite the obstacles, their spirit is strong. Returning Afghans – young and old, women and men – seem determined to do their bit for nation building, one brick at a time.

Posted on 31 January 2008

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