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Massive rise this year in numbers crossing Gulf of Aden

News Stories, 4 March 2008

© UNHCR/SHS/May 2006
Risking All: The bodies of people who died trying to make the Gulf of Aden crossing.

GENEVA, March 4 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency reported on Tuesday that irregular migration to Yemen has almost trebled during the first two months of this year compared to the same period last year.

A total of 182 boats carrying 8,713 people had arrived in coastal areas of Yemen In the first two months of this year, and 113 people are confirmed to have died making the perilous voyage across the Gulf of Aden. At least 214 others are missing, most of whom are presumed to have drowned.

This is a steep increase compared to January and February last year, when UNHCR recorded 24 boats as making the journey, carrying 2,946 people. A total of 139 people died and 19 went missing and were never found during that period.

UNHCR's chief spokesman, Ron Redmond, told journalists in Geneva that the increase in arrivals this year was partly due to the use of new smuggling routes. "By the end of last year, the smugglers had started taking people mostly Somalis across the Red Sea from Djibouti. In 2007, an estimated 700 Somalis took the Djibouti route," he said.

The tactics used by the smugglers remain the same as last year. People travelling on small, fast boats have to pay an average of US$130 to US$150 while those travelling on the bigger and more crowded vessels pay between US$50 and US$70.

The journey can take 12 to 36 hours, depending on the weather, knowledge of the routes, sea conditions and the situation upon arrival. If smugglers meet patrol boats en route or see coast guards upon arrival, they either force their passengers overboard or attempt to take an alternative route, often adding many hours to the voyage.

The armed smugglers are often brutal. On February 20, eight boats carrying more than 500 passengers arrived at five different arrival points in Yemen. The smugglers on two of the boats carrying a total of 302 people forced the passengers to disembark in deep and rough waters, which led to the drowning of many of those aboard.

A total of 182 people made it to shore, 36 bodies were found and 84 remain missing. The new arrivals told UNHCR staff that the smugglers had severely beaten the passengers on the boat and taken their money and clothes. One traumatized person jumped overboard and drowned.

Another three people died in the hold of the boat due to asphyxiation and dehydration. Many of the new arrivals had also been stabbed. All of the injured receive medical care in UNHCR's May'fa reception centre near the Yemeni coast.

The UN refugee agency has been calling for increased action to save lives in the Gulf of Aden and other waters. During 2007 and early 2008, UNHCR has stepped up its work in Yemen under a US$7 million operation that includes extra staff, more assistance, provision of additional shelter for refugees, and training programmes for the coast guards and other officials. These programmes will be expanded this year.

UNHCR is also expanding its presence along the remote, 300-kilometre-long coastline with the opening of two additional field offices. The refugee agency is working closely with aid organizations such as Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), which has mobile clinics that can work along the coast.




UNHCR country pages

Crossing the Gulf of Aden

Every year thousands of people in the Horn of Africa - mainly Somalis and Ethiopians - leave their homes out of fear or pure despair, in search of safety or a better life. They make their way over dangerous Somali roads to Bossaso in the northern semi-autonomous region of Puntland.

In this lawless area, smuggler networks have free reign and innocent and desperate civilians pay up to US$150 to make the perilous trip across the Gulf of Aden.

Some stay weeks on end in safe houses or temporary homes in Bossaso before they can depart. A sudden call and a departure in the middle of the night, crammed in small unstable boats. At sea, anything can happen to them - they are at the whim of smugglers. Some people get beaten, stabbed, killed and thrown overboard. Others drown before arriving on the beaches of Yemen, which have become the burial ground for hundreds who many of those who died en route.

Crossing the Gulf of Aden


In February 2005, one of the last groups of Somalilander refugees to leave Aisha refugee camp in eastern Ethiopia boarded a UNHCR convoy and headed home to Harrirad in North-west Somalia - the self-declared independent state of Somaliland. Two years ago Harrirad was a tiny, sleepy village with only 67 buildings, but today more than 1,000 people live there, nearly all of whom are former refugees rebuilding their lives.

As the refugees flow back into Somalia, UNHCR plans to close Aisha camp by the middle of the year. The few remaining refugees in Aisha - who come from southern Somalia - will most likely be moved to the last eastern camp, Kebribeyah, already home to more than 10,000 refugees who cannot go home to Mogadishu and other areas in southern Somalia because of continuing lawlessness there. So far refugees have been returning to only two areas of the country - Somaliland and Puntland in the north-east.


Flood Airdrop in Kenya

Over the weekend, UNHCR with the help of the US military began an emergency airdrop of some 200 tonnes of relief supplies for thousands of refugees badly hit by massive flooding in the Dadaab refugee camps in northern Kenya.

In a spectacular sight, 16 tonnes of plastic sheeting, mosquito nets, tents and blankets, were dropped on each run from the C-130 transport plane onto a site cleared of animals and people. Refugees loaded the supplies on trucks to take to the camps.

Dadaab, a three-camp complex hosting some 160,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia, has been cut off from the world for a month by heavy rains that washed away the road connecting the remote camps to the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. Air transport is the only way to get supplies into the camps.

UNHCR has moved 7,000 refugees from Ifo camp, worst affected by the flooding, to Hagadera camp, some 20 km away. A further 7,000 refugees have been moved to higher ground at a new site, called Ifo 2.

Posted in December 2006

Flood Airdrop in Kenya

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