UNHCR registers thousands of refugees from Central African Republic

News Stories, 12 February 2009

© UNHCR/V.Ndakass
Makeshift shelters of the newly arrived refugees from Central African Republic in Daha, south-eastern Chad.

ABECHE, Chad, February 12 (UNHCR) A small UNHCR team has been helping the authorities in south-eastern Chad to register thousands of refugees from neighbouring Central African Republic (CAR) and to assess their needs. The refugee agency also distributed aid.

Some 6,000 civilians, mostly women and children from the Rounga and Sara tribes, have fled to Chad since December to escape attacks by rebel groups and fighting between the rebels and CAR government forces. Most are now stranded in and around the village of Daha, just one kilometre from the Chad-CAR border.

A convoy organized by UNHCR and other humanitarian aid agencies, including the World Food Programme (WFP) and the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), left for Daha from the town of Abéché late last week and arrived on Monday.

On Tuesday, the four UNHCR members of the mission began to register the refugees and to distribute assistance, including cooking utensils and shelter material, including plastic sheeting, mats, mosquito nets and blankets, which will protect them from the wind and cold at might. Most of the refugees have been sleeping out in the open. WFP handed out food rations for three weeks.

The team has also been assessing the immediate needs of the refugees. These included the provision of a steady supply of potable water, the construction of proper latrines and the immunization of children under the age of five against measles and polio. Five refugee children have died of unknown causes, while two women have died while giving birth.

A UNHCR emergency team from Geneva is expected to arrive in Daha on Friday to continue interviewing the refugees and organizing relief assistance. However, the remoteness of Daha, which is situated almost 1,000 kilometres south of Abéché, remains a major logistical constraint.

The UN refugee agency is awaiting a decision from the Chadian government on proposals to move the new arrivals to a safer location with easier access for humanitarian agencies. The likeliest site for a new camp is in the area of Am Timan, some 280 km north of Daha.

Many of the refugees interviewed by UNHCR were still traumatized by their experience and not ready to go back. Hawoua said she had taken one of her children to visit her brother in Ngarba village, when the rebels arrived and started looting houses. "We fled the same night, but we were separated [from my brother]. Now I'm all alone here with my child," said the 20-year-old, adding that she was worried about her husband and two other children back in CAR.

Alime, another refugee from the Ngarba, crossed into Chad about two weeks ago with three daughters and the clothes on her back. "The rebels killed five of my family members. Our village is left in ashes, we can't go back," she said.

North-eastern CAR has been unstable for several years and there have been several waves of refugees crossing into Chad over the past six years. The UN refugee helps some 52,000 of them in five camps in southern Chad. UNHCR also runs 12 camps in eastern Chad that house quarter-of-a-million refugees from Sudan's Darfur region. There are also more than 160,000 internally displaced Chadians.

By Victorien Ndakass in Daha and Annette Rehrl in Abéché, Chad




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The recording, verifying, and updating of information on people of concern to UNHCR so they can be protected and UNHCR can ultimately find durable solutions.

Portraits of Darfur's Refugees

Nearly 200,000 refugees, the majority of them women and children, have fled across the border from Sudan into Chad since the outbreak of conflict in Sudan's Darfur region in March 2003. The refugees have left behind their homes and often loved ones in Darfur, where militias have reportedly killed and raped villagers, looted and burned houses and possessions and driven people from their homes.

Most of the refugees in eastern Chad are sheltered in 11 camps established by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, where they receive humanitarian aid, shelter, water and basic services.

Life in the camps is not easy in the desert environment of eastern Chad, where water and firewood are extremely scarce. Sandstorms are a regular feature during the dry months and torrential rains flood the landscape in the wet season.

Yet in the faces of the refugees, dignity and hope remain in spite of the hardships and the violence they have suffered.

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Chad: Relocation from the Border to Refugee Camps

Since fighting broke out in Sudan's western region of Darfur last year, more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees have fled into Chad. They are scattered along a 600-km stretch of desert borderland under a scorching sun during the day and freezing temperatures during the night.

Access to these refugees in this inhospitable region is difficult. Staff of the UN refugee agency drive for days to locate them. Bombing in the border zone and cross-border raids by militia from Sudan put the refugees at risk and underscore the urgent need to move them to camps in the interior. In addition, the approach of the rainy season in May will make the sandy roads impassable. Aid workers are racing against time in an attempt bring emergency relief to these refugees.

Chad: Relocation from the Border to Refugee Camps

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Faced with nearly 200,000 Sudanese refugees from Darfur fleeing into the barren desert of eastern Chad, the UN refugee agency has essentially had to build small villages – including shelter, latrines, water supply and basic services – to accommodate the refugees and help them survive in a hostile natural environment with scarce local resources. The 11 camps set up so far shelter more than 166,000 refugees from Darfur.

While much work still needs to be done, especially to find sufficient water in the arid region, life in the camps has reached a certain level of normalcy, with schools and activities starting up and humanitarian aid regularly distributed to the residents. Meanwhile, UNHCR continues to improve services and living conditions in the existing camps and is working to set up new camps to take in more refugees from the ongoing violence in Darfur.

Camp Life in Eastern Chad

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