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UNHCR grapples with staff security as operations in Pakistan continue

News Stories, 15 June 2009

© UNHCR/H.Caux
UNHCR staff pay a last tribute to Aleksandra Vorkapic before his coffin is flown back to his family in Serbia.

GENEVA, June 15 (UNHCR) The death of UNHCR staff member Aleksandar Vorkapic has brought into painful focus what High Commissioner António Guterres described as a "truly terrible dilemma" facing humanitarians worldwide: how to meet the urgent needs of desperate populations with the obligation to ensure those trying to help them are safe.

Vorkapic was killed in the suicide bombing attack against the Pearl Continental Hotel in Peshawar last week. Staff in Geneva and Islamabad have honoured his memory, while there was a small memorial service on Saturday at the Russian Orthodox Chruch of Geneva.

His body was repatriated to Belgrade on Monday and his funeral was held on Tuesday. Hundreds of colleagues, friends and humanitarian workers attended the service. Assistant High Commissioner for Protection Erika Feller expressed condolences to his family on behalf of all in the agency. "Aleksandar was much more than a colleague. He was a dear guest, an excellent host and a very good cook. He was known as someone who cared very much about people," she said.

© UNHCR
Aleksandar Vorkapic

"Aleksandar Vorkapic was the second UNHCR staff member to be killed in less than five months in Pakistan, where hundreds of thousands of people depend on UNHCR assistance," Guterres said last week in Geneva. "Now, once again, we are forced to ask ourselves how we can meet their urgent needs while ensuring the safety of our own humanitarian staff," he added.

UNHCR has been grappling with the operational challenges posed by security risks in Pakistan for some time. Despite the difficult security environment, the UN refugee agency has continued its work in the region, helping 1.7 million Afghan refugees and more recently some 2 million internally displaced Pakistanis.

The agency has a strong field presence with more than 200 regular staff in three offices (Islamabad, Peshawar and Quetta), with additional staff deployed recently as part of an emergency response team.

In the wake of this recent attack, however, the organization is reviewing the way it operates and assessing what adjustments need to be made to ensure the safety of its staff.

"There is no question of pulling out," spokesman William Spindler told journalists in Geneva on Friday. "We are committed to helping the millions of displaced people in the region. Our operations have continued this week, and we have been working with our partners to register new arrivals in camps and to improve conditions installing fencing, shades over tents and privacy walls. We intend to remain responsive to humanitarian needs and flexible in how we deliver them."

For this, however, adequate resources are extremely important. UNHCR's operations in Pakistan remain under-funded. Some US$76.5 million is still needed for operations in Pakistan this year. The figure may need to be revised upwards once final figures of registered displaced people are confirmed.

© UNHCR/H.Caux
UN and UNHCR staff attend the memorial ceremony organized in Islamabad to pay hommage to their 5 UN colleagues who died during the blast at the Pearl Continental Hotel on June 9 in Peshawar. International UNHCR staff Aleksander Vorkapic was killed as well as an international UNICEF staff and 3 local UNFPA colleagues.

There are currently 1.9 million registered displaced people verified and confirmed by Pakistan's National Database Registration Authority. Thousands of family forms from the fast-track registration process are yet to be cross-checked, and the final figure is expected to be significantly higher.

Vorkapic, a Serbian national, leaves behind a wife and three children. He had worked as an information technology specialist in UNHCR's office in Belgrade since 2000. A message from Vorkapic's colleagues in the UNHCR Belgrade office said they were "devastated at his senseless loss."

On February 2, UNHCR driver Syed Hashim was shot and killed in an attack in Quetta which also resulted in the abduction of the refugee agency's head of office in the southern Pakistan city. Head of office John Solecki was released after two months.

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Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

With winter fast approaching and well over a million people reported homeless in quake-stricken Pakistan, UNHCR and its partners are speeding up the delivery and distribution of hundreds of tonnes of tents, blankets and other relief supplies from around the world.

In all, the NATO-UNHCR airlift, which began on 19 October, will deliver a total of 860 tonnes of supplies from our stockpiles in Iskenderun, Turkey. Separately, by 25 October, UNHCR-chartered aircraft had so far delivered 14 planeloads of supplies to Pakistan from the agency's stocks in Copenhagen, Dubai and Jordan.

On the ground, UNHCR is continuing to distribute aid supplies in the affected areas to help meet some of the massive needs of an estimated 3 million people.

Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

Pakistan Earthquake: The Initial Response

The UN refugee agency is providing hundreds of tonnes of urgently needed relief supplies for victims in northern Pakistan. UNHCR is sending family tents, hospital tents, plastic sheeting, mattresses, kitchen sets, blankets and other items from its global stockpiles. Within a few days of the earthquake, just as its substantial local stocks were all but exhausted, UNHCR began a series of major airlifts from its warehouses around the world, including those in Denmark, Dubai, Jordan and Turkey.

UNHCR does not normally respond to natural disasters, but it quickly joined the UN humanitarian effort because of the sheer scale of the destruction, because the quake affected thousands of Afghan refugees, and because the agency has been operational in Pakistan for more than two decades. North West Frontier Province (NWFP), one of the regions most severely affected by the quake, hosts 887,000 Afghan refugees in camps.

While refugees remain the main focus of UNHCR's concern, the agency is integrated into the coordinated UN emergency response to help quake victims.

Pakistan Earthquake: The Initial Response

Pakistan Earthquake: Major push to Bring in Aid before Winter

With the snow line dropping daily, the race to get relief supplies into remote mountain areas of Pakistani-administered Kashmir intensifies. In a major push to bring aid to the people in the Leepa Valley, heavy-lift Chinook helicopters from the British Royal Air force airlifted in 240 tonnes of UNHCR emergency supplies, including tents, plastic sheeting, stoves, and kitchen sets.

At lower elevations, UNHCR and its partners have dispatched emergency teams to camps to train members of the Pakistani military in site planning, camp management, winterization and the importance of water and sanitation – all crucial to containing disease during the long winter ahead.

By mid-November, UNHCR had provided a total of 19,356 tents, 152,325 blankets, 71,395 plastic sheets and tens of thousands of jerry cans, kitchen sets and other supplies. More of the agency's supplies are continuing to arrive in Pakistan on various airlifts, including a 103-flight joint NATO/UNHCR airlift from Turkey. Other UNHCR airlifts have brought in supplies from the agency's warehouses in Jordan, Dubai and Denmark.

Pakistan Earthquake: Major push to Bring in Aid before Winter

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