• Text size Normal size text | Increase text size by 10% | Increase text size by 20% | Increase text size by 30%

One year after Pakistan floods, humanitarian efforts for victims continue

News Stories, 28 July 2011

© UNHCR/J.Tanner
A resident of the Azahkel Afghan refugee village in Pakistan walks through the rubble after it was destroyed in floods last year.

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, July 27 (UNHCR) One year after the onset of the worst flooding in Pakistan's history, efforts to aid those who lost everything in the disaster continue, with UNHCR working to provide 45,000 vulnerable families with new homes.

The permanent shelters are being built to house some of the most vulnerable flood victims, those unable to restart their lives on their own. Elsewhere, the UN refugee agency has nearly completed construction on more than 30,000 transitional shelters for families who plan to repair or rebuild their homes.

Last year's devastating floods, which began in late July, displaced more than 4 million people and destroyed an estimated 1.7 million homes. UNHCR was first asked to assist in providing aid to flood victims by the provincial government in Balochistan, but the agency's emergency operations rapidly expanded to three other affected provinces. It eventually provided humanitarian assistance to some 2 million flood victims, including tens of thousands of Afghan refugees.

Fifty families belonging to Pakistan's minority Hindu community expect to move into their one-room shelters in the coming weeks. The village of Kot Sabzal, in Punjab province, was submerged by more than a metre of water in last year's floods and while there were no fatalities, families lost everything they owned.

Today they live in makeshift shelters adjacent to their new brick and mortar homes. The men carry out the construction using materials supplied by UNHCR.

While eager to move into their first homes not made of mud, they remain concerned for the future.

"Earlier every member of the community, men and women alike, were working in the fields but now most of us are jobless and living hand to mouth," said 30-year-old Tjirat Jeen.

The residents of the Azakhel refugee village in western Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province are less certain about when they will be able to return home.

Azakhel, settled 30 years ago by Afghans fleeing war, was home to 23,000 refugees at the time of the floods. The refugees lost their homes, livelihoods and businesses in the disaster. Since then they have been living with relatives, in rented accommodation or in makeshift shelters. Provincial authorities have said the refugees should relocate to another settlement.

"That so many people have restarted their lives after such a destructive natural disaster is a testament to the strength and resilience of the people of Pakistan," said Mengesha Kebede, UNHCR's representative in Pakistan. "As our assistance to flood victims continues, we believe a decision to allow these refugee families to return to Azakhel would enable another community to rebuild."

In western Pakistan, in the picturesque Swat Valley, a small UNHCR-financed hydro-electric station is providing power to 200 families living in remote villages. The elevation of the hilltop homes meant the communities were spared major flood damage. But overflowing rivers and streams ripped out power pylons, leaving the settlements, many of which can only be reached by foot, without power.

Abdul Majeed's house in the village of Gishar has sweepings views of the valley and the terraced farmers' fields carved into the hills. His family and those in neighbouring villages spent months without power after the floods and were relieved and surprised when it was finally restored.

"Usually relief projects only help those villages by the roadside, most don't reach remote areas like ours," he said. "We are grateful not to have been forgotten."

Across Pakistan, all but five camps for the flood displaced have closed. All are located in Jaffarabad in Balochistan province. Several thousand people remain in makeshift settlements, mainly in Sindh and Punjab provinces. The residents of these settlements say they have not returned home due to the cost of rebuilding, outstanding loans or property disputes.

By Tim Irwin in Islamabad, Pakistan




UNHCR country pages

Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

With winter fast approaching and well over a million people reported homeless in quake-stricken Pakistan, UNHCR and its partners are speeding up the delivery and distribution of hundreds of tonnes of tents, blankets and other relief supplies from around the world.

In all, the NATO-UNHCR airlift, which began on 19 October, will deliver a total of 860 tonnes of supplies from our stockpiles in Iskenderun, Turkey. Separately, by 25 October, UNHCR-chartered aircraft had so far delivered 14 planeloads of supplies to Pakistan from the agency's stocks in Copenhagen, Dubai and Jordan.

On the ground, UNHCR is continuing to distribute aid supplies in the affected areas to help meet some of the massive needs of an estimated 3 million people.

Pakistan Earthquake: A Race Against the Weather

Pakistan: Fleeing to Safety

More than 1.5 million people flee their homes in North-West Pakistan.

Fighting between the army and Taliban militants in and around the Swat Valley in Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province has displaced more than 1.5 million people since the beginning of May. Some of the displaced are being sheltered in camps set up by the government and supplied by UNHCR. Others - the majority, in fact - are staying in public buildings, such as schools, or with friends and extended family members. Living conditions are harsh. With the onset of summer, rising temperatures are contributing to a range of ailments, especially for villagers from Swat accustomed to a cooler climate. Pakistan's displacement crisis has triggered an outpouring of generosity at home. UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres is urging a "massive" assistance effort from abroad as well.

Pakistan: Fleeing to Safety

Pakistan: Finding Refuge

Pakistani civilians continue to stream out of the region around the Swat Valley to find shelter in Mardana

More than 2 million people, according to local authorities, have been forced from their homes following Pakistani efforts to drive militants out of the region around north-west Pakistan's Swat Valley. Some 200,000 are living in camps set up by the Pakistani government and supplied by UNHCR and other agencies. The remainder are staying in schools or other communal buildings or being hosted by families. The heat is intense, reaching 45 degrees Celsius, and many of the displaced are suffering from heat-related infections and water-borne illnesses, although conditions are improving. UNHCR is providing tents, cooking sets, plastic sheeting and jerry cans, among other aid items. Award-winning photographer Alixandra Fazzina has spent the last two weeks documenting the plight of the internally displaced, from their arrival in safe areas, to the camps, schools and homes in which they now find themselves.

Pakistan: Finding Refuge

Pakistan: Returning HomePlay video

Pakistan: Returning Home

Since the beginning of November, UNHCR has been offering an enhanced package to every registered refugee in Pakistan choosing to go home to Afghanistan.
Pakistan: Helping the HostsPlay video

Pakistan: Helping the Hosts

Tens of thousands of Afghan refugees in Pakistan's Balochistan province have access to schools and basic services, but the cost is not easy to bear.
Pakistan: Pushed to SafetyPlay video

Pakistan: Pushed to Safety

Thousands are forced to flee the fighting in Pakistan's Khyber Agency on the border with Afghanistan.