Refugees help skeleton UNHCR staff keep camps going in South Sudan

News Stories, 8 January 2014

© UNHCR/G.Le Couster
In the far north-east of the country, in Upper Nile State, a UNHCR staff member discusses a soap distribution with refugee women. Refugees stepped forward to help with security and distributions of both food and soap after many UNHCR staff members were relocated following violence that broke out in South Sudan in mid-December.

BUNJ, South Sudan, January 8 (UNHCR) Refugees have turned security guards and UNHCR security officers become substitute water pump technicians as everyone scrambles to keep life running smoothly for 120,000 refugees in South Sudan's Maban County.

It's vital that everyone pitches in because fighting in the north-east of the country has cut road routes to Maban, home to the largest refugee camps in South Sudan. "We all go to the camps every morning and do whatever we can," says Adan Ilmi, a 22-year veteran of UNHCR who heads the agency's operation in Bunj, serving four of the six camps for Sudanese refugees in South Sudan.

Working with about one-fifth of his normal staff 18 officers instead of 85 he's been relying more on refugees to take over many duties since the world's youngest country descended into violence on December 15.

"We are mobilizing the community to help us," stresses Ilmi, reached by phone from the South Sudan capital, Juba. Refugees who had been trained as water pump technicians now are taking the lead in helping UNHCR staff members including Ilmi himself, a UNHCR field safety advisor and others keep the pumps working in the camps so that refugees have clean water.

Top priority for the UN refugee agency is just to show up in the camps. "It's very important to go to the camps Sunday to Sunday to reassure the refugees we are still here with them," he says. "We go to the market, visit health centres and water points, talk to the refugee leaders, youth and women's representatives. They got anxious after many NGOs [non-governmental organizations] pulled out and if they don't see UNHCR staff, they get worried."

With the possibility that this area could yet be totally cut off by fighting, UNHCR and its sister agency, the World Food Programme, recently distributed food rations for 45 days instead of the usual 30. A UNHCR biometrics system allowed refugees to accurately identify recipients and largely run the distribution themselves.

Refugees in the camps who come from neighbouring Sudan's Blue Nile state have stepped forward to take on more duties, including guarding warehouses packed with supplies belonging to UNHCR and some agencies that left after the violence erupted between government and opposition forces.

"This initiative is very positive," says Ilmi. "Refugees have taken control of the situation. They are making sure nothing is being touched. There has been no looting at all."

Since Sudanese refugees began arriving here after independence in 2011, the UN refugee agency trained many of them in water management, camp management and health care with a view to eventually reducing the number of international staff needed to run the camps. No one imagined the plan would be tested so suddenly.

"It's a great delight that they have lived up to the task," says Cosmas Chanda, UNHCR's representative in South Sudan. "We need to recognize the goodwill and high sense of responsibility of the refugees. It is highly commendable."

Ilmi does admit that refugees worry about their future in case the fighting which has spread to seven of the country's 10 states continues for a long time. But he says morale among his staff is high, and there are no signs that humanitarian workers or refugees in these camps are being targeted despite fighting just 60 kilometres away.

Chanda praises the commitment of his staff in Bunj to continue delivering services despite the nearby fighting. "Everyone admires the courage and determination of the remaining staff members," he says. "We salute their bravery."

Ilmi says his previous service with the UN refugee agency in trouble spots such as Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, gives him strength to go on. And it has taught him one important lesson: "Never panic."




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South Sudan Crisis: Urgent Appeal

Donate now and help to provide emergency aid to tens of thousands of people fleeing South Sudan to escape violence.

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Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

Ahead of South Sudan's landmark January 9, 2011 referendum on independence, tens of thousands of southern Sudanese in the North packed their belongings and made the long trek south. UNHCR set up way stations at key points along the route to provide food and shelter to the travellers during their arduous journey. Several reports of rapes and attacks on travellers reinforced the need for these reception centres, where women, children and people living with disabilities can spend the night. UNHCR has made contingency plans in the event of mass displacement after the vote, including the stockpiling of shelter and basic provisions for up to 50,000 people.

Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

The signing of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the army of the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement on 9 January, 2005, ended 21 years of civil war and signaled a new era for southern Sudan. For some 4.5 million uprooted Sudanese – 500,000 refugees and 4 million internally displaced people – it means a chance to finally return home.

In preparation, UNHCR and partner agencies have undertaken, in various areas of South Sudan, the enormous task of starting to build some basic infrastructure and services which either were destroyed during the war or simply had never existed. Alongside other UN agencies and NGOs, UNHCR is also putting into place a wide range of programmes to help returnees re-establish their lives.

These programs include road construction, the building of schools and health facilities, as well as developing small income generation programmes to promote self-reliance.

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

South Sudan: The Long Trip Home

When the peace treaty that ended 21 years of civil war between north and south Sudan was signed in 2005, some 223,000 Sudanese refugees were living in Uganda – the largest group of Sudanese displaced to a neighbouring country.

Despite South Sudan's lack of basic infrastructure, such as schools, hospitals and roads, many Sudanese were eager to go home. In May 2006, the UN refugee agency's Uganda office launched an assisted repatriation programme for Sudanese refugees. The returnees were given a repatriation package, including blankets, sleeping mats, plastic sheets, mosquito nets, water buckets, kitchen sets, jerry cans, soap, seeds and tools, before being transported from the transit centres to their home villages. As of mid-2008, some 60,000 Sudanese living in Uganda had been helped back home.

As of the beginning of May 2008, some 275,000 Sudanese refugees had returned to South Sudan from surrounding countries, including Uganda, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Kenya. Some 125,000 returned with UNHCR assistance.

Posted on 16 July 2008

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