Somali refugee band makes waves in Kenya

News Stories, 11 June 2007

© UNHCR/ J.Ndua
Members of the popular Waayaha Cusub band outside the video rental business that they run in Nairobi's Eastleigh district to raise funds for their operating costs.

NAIROBI, Kenya, June 11 (UNHCR) A group of Somali refugee musicians in the Kenyan capital Nairobi have ruffled a few feathers with their flouting of conservative traditions and their songs on sensitive issues, but they are determined to resist attempts to silence their band.

"We will keep singing and spreading our messages of hope, peace and reconciliation. We will not quit," said Shino Ali, 20-year-old leader of Waayaha Cusub (New Era), "We've suffered hardship. We've been attacked. But we will keep singing," he added.

Based in Eastleigh, Waayaha Cusub has built up a powerful following among young Somali refugees and Kenyans, who appreciate their music and their causes. Eastleigh is home to large numbers of the estimated 15,000 Somalis in Nairobi and is popularly known as Little Mogadishu.

The 11-member band was set up in 2004 by young male and female friends who had been living in the neighbourhood since fleeing their homeland in the mid-1990s and wanted to do something creative with their free time.

"We were 20 members when we started off, but some members fled to Uganda fearing retaliation from the community," said band member Abdi Weli Ibrahim, alluding to the opposition they faced from conservative members of the Somali community. He added that one member was killed in fighting between Somalia's rival parties.

Ali explained why the group was facing retaliation. "In our music videos, we have girls wearing trousers and with their hair uncovered. We got into trouble," he said, noting that conservative Somali Muslims believed that such behaviour was banned under Islamic law. "One of our band members Jamila had her face cut up. We believe it was because of our music. They say we are eroding the Islamic culture."

Jamila sports a large scar on her cheek and Ali alleges that she was attacked by members of her family, who disapproved of the band and her membership in it. And it's not hard to imagine a conservative Muslim getting upset with their videos, which feature modern beats, unrestrained dancing and modern dress. "Our target is the youth. Change in Somalia is dependent on the youth," Ali said, adding: "They listen to our music because they identify with it; they love it."

But perhaps most unpalatable for some among the Somali community are the subjects Waayaha Cusub sings about such as HIV/AIDS, peace and reconciliation, and atrocities in Somalia.

The song Somalia, for example, with its images of slaughter and bodies on the streets of Mogadishu, rebukes the leadership of the country for sacrificing the Somali people in their quest for power.

While some hate Waayaha Cusub, others can't get enough of them. They give many concerts, usually for free, and their songs and videos have been getting good airtime on radio and television stations. The group performs mainly in Somali, but they also sing in the Kiswahili spoken by most people in Kenya.

They have set up a small studio and run a video rental business to help pay for their operating costs. The group have made four albums, 14 music videos and one movie. "Our aim is not to make money or be famous. Our aim is to pass a message," said Ali.

"We will keep singing and performing our songs the way we are doing. We will keep encouraging the refugees and the people of Somalia, not to give up hope that peace will one day return to our country. We want to go international one day so that our message can be received by many more."

There are an estimated 170,000 Somali refugees in Kenya, mostly at the Kakuma camp in the north-west and the Dadaab camp in the north-east. Some 34,000 refugees fled across the border last year to escape fighting in their homeland. The situation remains volatile within Somalia.

By Janet Adongo in Nairobi, Kenya

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Crossing the Gulf of Aden

Every year thousands of people in the Horn of Africa - mainly Somalis and Ethiopians - leave their homes out of fear or pure despair, in search of safety or a better life. They make their way over dangerous Somali roads to Bossaso in the northern semi-autonomous region of Puntland.

In this lawless area, smuggler networks have free reign and innocent and desperate civilians pay up to US$150 to make the perilous trip across the Gulf of Aden.

Some stay weeks on end in safe houses or temporary homes in Bossaso before they can depart. A sudden call and a departure in the middle of the night, crammed in small unstable boats. At sea, anything can happen to them - they are at the whim of smugglers. Some people get beaten, stabbed, killed and thrown overboard. Others drown before arriving on the beaches of Yemen, which have become the burial ground for hundreds who many of those who died en route.

Crossing the Gulf of Aden

Somalia/Ethiopia

In February 2005, one of the last groups of Somalilander refugees to leave Aisha refugee camp in eastern Ethiopia boarded a UNHCR convoy and headed home to Harrirad in North-west Somalia - the self-declared independent state of Somaliland. Two years ago Harrirad was a tiny, sleepy village with only 67 buildings, but today more than 1,000 people live there, nearly all of whom are former refugees rebuilding their lives.

As the refugees flow back into Somalia, UNHCR plans to close Aisha camp by the middle of the year. The few remaining refugees in Aisha - who come from southern Somalia - will most likely be moved to the last eastern camp, Kebribeyah, already home to more than 10,000 refugees who cannot go home to Mogadishu and other areas in southern Somalia because of continuing lawlessness there. So far refugees have been returning to only two areas of the country - Somaliland and Puntland in the north-east.

Somalia/Ethiopia

Flood Airdrop in Kenya

Over the weekend, UNHCR with the help of the US military began an emergency airdrop of some 200 tonnes of relief supplies for thousands of refugees badly hit by massive flooding in the Dadaab refugee camps in northern Kenya.

In a spectacular sight, 16 tonnes of plastic sheeting, mosquito nets, tents and blankets, were dropped on each run from the C-130 transport plane onto a site cleared of animals and people. Refugees loaded the supplies on trucks to take to the camps.

Dadaab, a three-camp complex hosting some 160,000 refugees, mainly from Somalia, has been cut off from the world for a month by heavy rains that washed away the road connecting the remote camps to the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. Air transport is the only way to get supplies into the camps.

UNHCR has moved 7,000 refugees from Ifo camp, worst affected by the flooding, to Hagadera camp, some 20 km away. A further 7,000 refugees have been moved to higher ground at a new site, called Ifo 2.

Posted in December 2006

Flood Airdrop in Kenya

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