Renewed fighting disrupts Sri Lanka returns, UNHCR urges humanitarian access

Briefing Notes, 1 September 2006

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Ron Redmond to whom quoted text may be attributed at the press briefing, on 1 September 2006, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

A new flare-up of fighting in Trincomalee District has put an end to the return of displaced civilians from Kanthale to Muttur Town, a return that had started in the last week. We had seen some families returning to their own homes, at least in the daytime, but that movement has now come to a halt.

The new shelling around Trincomalee comes as the number of civilians displaced within Sri Lanka since April reached 214,981. This may not reflect the full number, since we do not yet have access to all the areas hosting displaced persons. In addition, 11,057 Sri Lankan refugees have arrived on the shores of Southern India since the start of the year, after crossing the Palk Strait in boats that are often overloaded and unseaworthy.

To ensure the needs of people displaced within Sri Lanka are met promptly and efficiently, UNHCR as part of a joint UN humanitarian action plan for Sri Lanka is appealing for more than US$5 million to help provide shelter, emergency supplies and protection. The UN Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP), launched in Geneva on Wednesday, is appealing for a total of $37.46 million, including $5.13 million for UNHCR.

One positive development is that 23 lorries carrying food for displaced civilians were granted access to Kilinochchi District on Tuesday (26 Aug.). However, with so many mouths to feed, more supplies are urgently required. We call upon the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to allow critical humanitarian aid to reach those in need.

We are encouraged that restrictions on freedom of movement have been eased in Batticaloa District, with UN agencies, ICRC and the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission now permitted to enter the LTTE-controlled area. UNHCR expects further access to reach larger sectors of the displaced population. Government officials, including schoolteachers, are now also allowed to enter the LTTE-controlled area, although only on foot, and not in vehicles.

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Statelessness in Sri Lanka: Hill Tamils

Most of the people working on the hundreds of tea plantations that dot Sri Lanka's picturesque hill country are descended from ethnic Tamils brought from India between 1820 and 1840 when the island was under British colonial rule. Although these people, known as "Hill Tamils," have been making an invaluable contribution to Sri Lanka's economy for almost two centuries, up until recently the country's stringent citizenship laws made it next to impossible for them to berecognized as citizens. Without the proper documents they could not vote, hold a government job, open a bank account or travel freely.

The Hill Tamils have been the subject of a number of bilateral agreements in the past giving them the option between Sri Lankan and Indian citizenship. But in 2003, there were still an estimated 300,000 stateless people of Indian origin living in Sri Lanka.

Things improved markedly, in October 2003, after the Sri Lankan parliament passed the "Grant of Citizenship to People of Indian Origin Act," which gave nationality to people who had lived in Sri Lanka since 1964 and to their descendants. UNHCR, the government of Sri Lanka and local organizations ran an information campaign informing Hill Tamils about the law and the procedures for acquiring citizenship. With more than 190,000 of the stateless people in Sri Lanka receiving citizenship over a 10-day period in late 2003, this was heralded as a huge success story in the global effort to reduce statelessness.

Also, in 2009, the parliament passed amendments to existing regulations, granting citizenship to refugees who fled Sri Lanka's conflict and are living in camps in India. This makes it easier for them to return to Sri Lanka if they so wish to.

Statelessness in Sri Lanka: Hill Tamils

Tsunami Aftermath in Sri Lanka

Shortly after the tsunami hit Sri Lanka, killing over 30,000 people and displacing nearly 800,000, UNHCR was asked to take a lead role in providing transitional shelter – bridging the gap between emergency tents and the construction of permanent homes. The refugee agency is not normally involved in natural disasters, but lent its support to the effort because of the scale of the devastation and because many of the tsunami-affected people were also displaced by the conflict.

Since the 26 December 2004 tsunami, UNHCR has helped in the coordination and construction of over 55,000 transitional shelters and has directly constructed, through its partners, 4,500 shelters in Jaffna in the north, and Ampara District in the east. These efforts are helping some 20,000 people rebuild their lives.

On 15 November, 2005, UNHCR completed its post-tsunami shelter role and formally handed over responsibility for the shelter sector to the Sri Lankan government. Now, UNHCR is returning its full focus to its pre-tsunami work of providing assistance to people internally displaced by the conflict, and refugees repatriating from India.

Tsunami Aftermath in Sri Lanka

Picking Up the Pieces in Sri Lanka

In an unprecedented response to a natural disaster, the U.N. refugee agency – whose mandate is to protect refugees fleeing violence and persecution – has kicked off a six-month, multi-million dollar emergency relief operation to aid tsunami victims in Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Somalia. UNHCR has worked in Sri Lanka for nearly 20 years and has the largest operational presence in the country with seven offices, 113 staff and a strong network of partnerships in place. The day of the tsunami, UNHCR opened up its warehouses in the island nation and began distributing existing stockpiles – including plastic sheeting, cooking sets and clothing for 100,000 people.

UNHCR estimates that some 889,000 people are now displaced in Sri Lanka, including many who were already displaced by the long-running conflict in the north. Prior to the tsunami, UNHCR assisted 390,000 people uprooted by the war. UNHCR is now expanding its logistical and warehouse capacity throughout the island to facilitate delivery of relief items to the needy populations, including in the war-affected area. The refugee agency is currently distributing relief items and funding mobile health clinics to assist the injured and sick.

Picking Up the Pieces in Sri Lanka

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