Jean-Pierre Hocké (Switzerland) 1986–89
Jean-Pierre Hocké served as Director of Operations for the International Committee of the Red Cross before his appointment as High Commissioner. During his term in office, the Indochinese refugee crisis continued. The Comprehensive Plan of Action, launched during his time as High Commissioner, instituted regional refugee status determination procedures and provided for the voluntary return of Vietnamese refugees. Hocké also played a key role in launching the 'CIREFCA process' in Central America, to consolidate peace in the region by extending assistance not only to returnees but also more broadly to war-affected populations. During his period in office, UNHCR played an important role in establishing and managing large camps for Ethiopian refugees in Sudan and for Somali refugees in Ethiopia.