2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Chad
| Overview |
In 2013, Chad faced two simultaneous refugee emergencies with some 10,000 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), and over 30,000 Sudanese refugees from West Darfur. The new refugees add to the sizeable Sudanese refugee population already living in 12 camps in eastern Chad and the Central African refugees in five camps in the south and brought the total number of Sudanese refugees to 348,528 and the total number of CAR refugees to some 74,131 by 31 August 2013. The influx of refugees from Sudan required a new camp in Abgadam, a remote area in eastern Chad, with ample land to accommodate their accompanying livestock, identified by the Government. Moreover, events in northern Nigeria forced 553 refugees to seek protection in western Chad by the end of August 2013. In addition, there are more than 650 refugees and asylum-seekers in the city of N'Djamena.
Chad continues its open-door policy towards refugees, and there have been no reported cases of refoulement to date.
UNHCR is also providing limited protection monitoring for some 85,000 IDPs who have opted for local integration in their respective areas of displacement. Following an official directive from the Government of Chad ending the IDP situation as of 2012, UNHCR plans to discontinue its assistance to IDPs in 2014.
While the political and security situation in Chad remains stable, conditions in the neighboring countries of Sudan, the CAR and, to a lesser extent, Nigeria are at risk of further decline. In 2014, UNHCR expects that refugees will continue to arrive from the CAR, Sudan and possibly Nigeria.
In 2014, UNHCR aims to facilitate the voluntary repatriation of up to 548 remaining Chadian refugees in Cameroon and up to 1,000 in Gabon.
The Government of Chad has agreed to continue providing protection for humanitarian workers and refugees under the Détachement pour la Protection des Humanitaires et des Réfugiés (DPHR) which will replace the former Détachement Intégré de Sécurité.
It is expected that the Chadian Government will continue to grant international protection to refugees in 2014 and 2015, as it has done since the refugee crises in Sudan and the CAR began in 2003. It is hoped that the Government will grant access to more arable land for refugees, and continue to allow refugees to benefit from national health and education services.
People of concern
The main groups of people of concern planned for in 2014 and 2015 under the Chad operation are: Sudanese refugees who fled conflict in Darfur in 2003 and the newly-arrived population who fled inter-ethnic clashes in Western Darfur; Central African refugees who sought asylum due to political instability in their country in 2003 and who have continued to arrive in Chad since that time; and urban refugees and asylum-seekers, mainly from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sudan and the CAR. There is also a small population of Nigerians who arrived in July and August 2013 and are living among local communities in the Lake Chad area.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Chad|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Refugees||Central African Rep.||86,000||78,000||98,000||91,000||100,000||93,000|
|Asylum-seekers||Central African Rep.||60||60||100||100||150||150|
|Dem. Rep. of the Congo||110||110||120||120||130||130|
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-refugees)||Chad||360||360||1,000||1,000||1,000||1,000|
|Internally displaced people||Chad||90,000||90,000||-||-||-||-|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
In 2014, UNHCR aims to strengthen the capacity of national authorities to guarantee a favourable protection environment for refugees in Chad. The Office will work with the Commission Nationale d'Accueil, de Réinsertion des Réfugiés et des Rapatriés (CNARR) and national authorities to encourage the adoption of the drafted refugee law, to increase the issuance of civil status documentation, including birth certificates for Sudanese refugee children, and to improve registration and verification of the refugee population.
Basic life-saving activities, including the provision of water, food, shelter, health and sanitation services will continue for Sudanese and CAR refugees. Given the protracted situation for the majority of refugees in Chad, enhancing livelihood opportunities will continue to be a key activity in 2014 in close cooperation with other UN agencies, development organizations and the Government. UNHCR will focus on increasing access to education for out-of-school children, particularly girls, as well as improving the quality of education provided.
The needs for the newly-arrived Sudanese refugees in Abgadam camp remain vast. UNHCR and partners will continue to develop the site, consolidating achievements in water, sanitation, hygiene, and health, to ensure that at least the minimum standards are met. Education activities, and support for agricultural activities and refugees' livestock will continue to be a priority, especially since newly-arrived refugees from Sudan are largely pastoral and in need of land.
The Office will also ensure that newly-arrived refugees from the CAR receive protection and life-saving assistance, facilitating their integration in the existing camps or in host villages.
In 2013, the Office piloted a strategy in southern Chad, to provide assistance to newly-arrived refugees as well as their host communities to promote the self-reliance of refugees, reduce dependency and strengthen local services and capacity, especially in the areas of water, sanitation, health and education. In 2014, UNHCR will further develop this approach to benefit refugee populations in other parts of the country.
For urban refugees and asylum-seekers, the focus will be on improving integration into national education, health and basic social services programmes. Support for livelihoods activities will continue into 2014.
Given that it is unlikely that conditions in the countries of origin (Sudan and CAR) will improve for voluntary return to occur in 2014, UNHCR will pursue resettlement for Sudanese and Central African refugees. Activities to enhance coexistence with communities will also continue.
| Implementation |
UNHCR's main governmental partner in Chad will continue to be the Ministry of the Interior, through CNARR. UNHCR will work with key ministries on the adoption and implementation of relevant legislation frameworks for refugees. All relevant ministries will be involved in the design and implementation of activities and projects, with a view to gradually integrating refugees into national programmes. Partnerships with national and international NGOs will continue, reinforcing joint programmes for refugees and asylum-seekers in the country. UNHCR will work closely with other UN agencies and partner organizations to ensure the smooth delivery of assistance to refugees.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Chad|
|Government agencies: Commission Nationale pour l'Accueil et la Réinsertion des Réfugiés et des Rapatriés|
|NGOs: Associazione di Cooperazione Rurale in Africa e America Latina, Association pour le Développement Economique et Social de Kobe, African Initiative for Relief and Development, Association pour la Promotion des Libertés Fondamentales au Tchad, Bureau d'Appui Santé et Environnement, CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), Christian Outreach for Relief and Development, Croix-Rouge du Tchad, Centre de Support en Santé Internationale, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, International Medical Corps, International Rescue Committee, Jesuit Refugee Service, Lutheran World Federation-Action by Churches Together, Refugee Education Trust, Secours Catholique pour le Développement|
|Government agencies: Ministries of Education (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary), Ministry for Environment, Ministry for Pastoral Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Human Rights, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Water Resources, The Ministry of the Interior and Public Security, through the Commission Nationale d'Accueil et de Réinsertion des Réfugiés et des Rapatriés (CNARR)|
|NGOs: Action Contre la Faim, Agence Française de Développement, Christian Children's Fund, HELP (Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe e.V.) - Germany, Intermón Oxfam, Médecins sans Frontières - Netherlands and France|
|Others: FAO, ICRC, IFRC, ILO, IOM, OCHA, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
The needs of the refugee populations in Chad have steadily increased since 2003 due to natural population growth, and new influxes of refugees, particularly in 2013. The financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Chad decreased significantly in 2012 owing to competing crises elsewhere in the world and then increased slightly with the revised 2013 budget to cope with the new emergencies. The deterioration of the regional security environment and the arrival of over 40,500 new refugees from Sudan, the CAR and Nigeria in 2013, have made the allocation of additional resources to Chad imperative, with many basic needs still unmet. The 2014 financial requirements to cover the needs of refugees and asylum-seekers in Chad are set at USD 197.1 million.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105