2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Sudan
| Overview |
Sudan's economy has been affected by falling oil revenues, resulting in rising inflation and the devaluation of the currency.
In the Darfur region, as well as in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, Government restrictions on humanitarian access, combined with continued insecurity, hamper UNHCR's activities. In Darfur in particular, delays in the issuance of travel permits for staff negatively affect the implementation of UNHCR's programme.
The security situation in Darfur has also further deteriorated with ongoing and renewed inter-tribal hostilities. Some 300,000 people were newly displaced in the first six months of 2013.
In the east, trafficking and abduction of asylum-seekers and refugees, as well as the continuous arrival of unaccompanied children, remain major protection concerns, although significant progress in combatting this phenomenon has been achieved in 2013.
Between 300,000 and 350,000 South Sudanese live in Sudan and are at risk of statelessness. The "Four Freedoms" agreement signed between Sudan and South Sudan in September 2012, which allows citizens of both States to enjoy freedom of residence, movement, economic activity and property ownership, has yet to be fully implemented.
Sudan has a longstanding tradition of hospitality towards refugees. The Government has made available land for some 90,000 refugees who live in camps. Moreover, the authorities are committed to finding durable solutions to the plight of refugees, an example of which is a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed in March 2013 by UNHCR and the authorities for the hand-over of the infrastructure and facilities of the three Suki camps after their closure.
People of concern
The main groups of people of concern to UNHCR in Sudan are: refugees from Eritrea and Ethiopia, who have sought asylum for the last 40 years due to human rights abuse or forced conscription in their countries of origin; Sudanese internally displaced people (IDPs) who moved inside Sudan to escape fighting in Darfur and in the Protocol Areas; and South Sudanese individuals who are at risk of statelessness (see footnote to table below).
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Sudan|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Note: An estimated 350,000 people of South Sudanese origin live in Sudan. Existing information indicates that the great majority of these individuals are likely to be able to acquire documentation confirming that they are South Sudanese nationals.|
|People in refugee-like situations||Chad||23,850||4,800||23,850||4,800||23,850||4,800|
|Asylum-seekers||Dem. Rep. of the Congo||890||890||960||960||1,040||1,040|
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-refugees)||Sudan||40,000||-||40,000||-||50,000||-|
|People in IDP-like situations||Sudan||78,000||-||-||-||-||-|
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-IDPs)||Sudan||100,000||-||110,000||-||150,000||-|
|Others of concern||Ethiopia||3,380||120||3,380||120||3,380||120|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
In 2014, UNHCR will continue engaging closely with local authorities and central Government entities to maximize the protection response for affected populations; prevent refoulement; ensure a smooth transition of services within the framework of the Transitional Solutions Initiative (TSI); and thus strengthen the capacity of line ministries. In this context, UNHCR will also expand its joint programme with UNDP and further develop cooperation with the World Bank in the east of the country. The Office will continue to promote self-reliance activities for Eritrean refugees living in a protracted situation through livelihoods, education, health, shelter and protection activities. New arrivals will receive shelter and basic services.
Priority will be given to the implementation of the joint UNHCR-IOM Strategy to address human trafficking, kidnappings and smuggling of persons, in close collaboration with the Sudanese Government, since many Eritrean asylum-seekers and refugees have been targeted. In addition, the strategic use of resettlement will remain an important protection tool.
The protection strategy in Sudan will also prioritize the strengthening of access to legal assistance and remedies, and better protection for children and women, for both refugee and IDP populations. UNHCR will provide legal advice and technical support to the Sudanese authorities, while advocating for the establishment of legal procedures to allow individuals to confirm their citizenship status. The prevention of refoulement will also remain a central objective in 2014 and the Office will provide support to its Government partners to improve the documentation of the refugee community, including in Khartoum.
In Darfur, the shift of the IDP programme towards durable solutions will continue and UNHCR will further focus on promoting the return and reintegration of IDPs, while providing basic services and protection.
UNHCR will also continue to assume responsibility for the emergency shelter and non-food items sector throughout Sudan.
| Implementation |
UNHCR will continue to engage with local authorities and central Government entities, in particular with: the Ministries of the Interior, Foreign Affairs and Justice and the Commissioner for Refugees (COR) for all refugee matters; the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) for internal displacement; and the Darfur Regional Authority (DRA).
The Office will remain an active participant in the UN Country Team and Humanitarian Country Team, taking leadership roles in protection, emergency shelter and non-food items, and return and reintegration activities.
UNHCR will also maintain close partnerships with its traditional humanitarian partners, such as IOM, OCHA, UNICEF and WFP, and expand its engagement with UNDP and, potentially, the World Bank. The Sudan Humanitarian Work Plan (HWP) continues to be the principal inter-agency programming and resource mobilization tool in Sudan.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Sudan|
|Government agencies: Civil Registry, Commission for Voluntary Humanitarian Works, Ministry of Interior, Commissioner for Refugees, Local Government of Gedaref State, Ministry of Finance, Economy and Labour Forces (Kassala), Ministry of Health (Gedaref), Ministry of Social Affairs, Department of Social Welfare (Nyala), Ministry of Social Development, Women and Child Affairs (South Kordofan), Ministry of Social Welfare for Child Protection (Kassala), Ministry of Social Welfare for Child Protection (Singa), Refugee Counselling Services|
|NGOs: Africa Humanitarian Action, Al Sharq Centre for Culture and Legal Aid, Alsalam Organization for Rehabilitation and Development, Child Development Foundation, Cooperazione Internazionale, Danish Refugee Council, El Sugya Charity Organization, Fondation Terre des Hommes, Global Health Foundation, Help Age International, Human Appeal International, Kassala Social Development Foundation, National Forestry Corporation, National Organization for Care and Development, Nuba Mountains International Association for Development, People's Legal Aid Centre, Rural Community Development Organization, Save the Children - Sweden, Sudan Open Learning Organization, Sudanese Organization for Education Development, Sudanese Red Crescent Society, Triangle Génération Humanitaire, Trust Rehabilitation and Development Organization, War Child - Canada, World Vision - Germany|
|Others: IOM, UN-Habitat, UNOPS|
|Government agencies: Darfur Regional Authority, Humanitarian Aid Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Justice|
|Others: AU, FAO, ICRC, OCHA, UN Mine Action Services, UNAMID, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNV, WFP, WHO, World Bank|
| Financial information |
From 2010 to 2011, the financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Sudan increased due to the massive displacement of people within the country. Since South Sudan's independence in 2011, there has been a significant drop in the operation's budget, mainly due to the separation of the South Sudan budget in 2012 as well as limited access to the Protocol Areas and the Office's involvement in activities related to internal displacement in that region. The 2014 financial requirements for the operation are set at USD 97.4 million, a decrease of USD 19.3 million compared to the revised 2013 budget of USD 116.7 million, mostly due to restriction of access. Within the 2014 budget, USD 65.1 million is allocated to the refugee programme, USD 29 million for the protection and assistance of IDPs and USD 3.4 million for the prevention of statelessness.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Sudan|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Representation in Sudan|
|Street Address||Ahmed Kheir Street (North of Farouk Cemetery), Khartoum, Sudan|
|Mailing Address||P.O. Box 2560, Khartoum, Sudan|
|Time Zone||GMT + 3|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
02 January 2014, Independence Day
20 April 2014, Easter Sunday
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
29 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
05 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
23 October 2014, UN day
26 October 2014, Hijri year
25 December 2014, Christmas Day