2015 UNHCR country operations profile - Lebanon
| Overview |
The impact of the Syrian crisis - including on the economy, demographics, political instability, and security - continues to deepen across Lebanon. With more than 1.3 million refugees expected by the beginning of 2015, Lebanon's exceptional hospitality will be extremely stretched.
The Government has established an inter-ministerial crisis cell, confirming its pro-active engagement in refugee issues. While the country is not party to the 1951 Refugee Convention, and despite restrictions imposed at the border, it is expected that Syrians in need of immediate protection and assistance will continue to find safe haven in Lebanon.
Refugees have access to most basic services through public institutions, where the authorities continue to play an active role in facilitating response coordination and planning.
Syrian refugees, like the Lebanese in local communities most affected by the influx, are becoming increasingly vulnerable, despite the large-scale inter-agency response to date. Humanitarian needs show little signs of abating. As their displacement extends and their savings deplete, refugees' socio-economic vulnerability increases.
An effective display of international solidarity and support is vital for Lebanon, which has received the highest number of Syrian refugees in the world. Failing this, the country's capacity to respond and withstand the Syria crisis will be severely tested.
People of concern
Syrians fleeing conflict continue to make up the majority of refugees in Lebanon. According to current projections, there will be over 1.3 million registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon at the start of 2015.
Asylum-seekers from Iraq continue to make up the majority of new registrations among non-Syrians. Developments in Iraq have led to a significant increase in registration requests since June 2014.
It is estimated that there are tens of thousands of stateless people in Lebanon. Syrian refugees born in Lebanon are particularly at risk. A 2014 survey of 5,779 Syrian newborns found that 72 per cent do not possess an official birth certificate, raising concerns over the recognition of their nationality by the Syrian authorities.
|UNHCR 2015 planning figures for Lebanon*|
|Type of population||Origin||January 2015||December 2015|
|Total in country||Of whom assisted
|Total in country||Of whom assisted
|* PoC planning figures in this table are based on trends and registration data from early 2014. In light of the evolving situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and Iraq, updated projections will be presented in any forthcoming appeals for supplementary requirements in 2015 for the Syria and Iraq situations, including the 2015 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP).|
|Syrian Arab Rep.||1,435,840||1,435,840||1,835,840||1,835,840|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
UNHCR's overarching strategy in Lebanon remains to protect, assist and facilitate solutions for refugees and other people of concern, through close partnership with the Government, the judiciary, the UN Country Team, donors, NGOs and partners, and the refugees themselves.
UNHCR will focus its activities on: the overall coordination of the Syrian refugee crisis; registration; protection monitoring and outreach activities; resettlement and humanitarian admission; provision of cash grants, shelter and access to health and education.
Moreover, together with partners, the Office will support host communities and authorities to mitigate the direct impact of the presence of the refugees in order to ensure a more favourable protection environment. UNHCR will support the Government in improving central and local actors' ability to provide refugees with basic services, as well as to prevent statelessness in Lebanon. Finding solutions outside of Lebanon for the most vulnerable refugees will remain a priority.
| Implementation |
The Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) will be the main forum for partners to plan, coordinate and report on the refugee response. UNHCR and UNDP will support the Government in leading the refugee and resilience components, respectively.
Relationships with all donors, including non-traditional and private, will continue to be nurtured. UNHCR will continue to expand its partnerships with local partners, and in efforts too prevent statelessness, the Office will collaborate closely with the Ministry of the Interior.
|2015 UNHCR partners in Lebanon|
|Government agencies: Ministry of Social Affairs NGOs:|
|NGOs: Action Against Hunger, Agence d'aide à la coopération technique et au développement, Al Majmoua, Amel Association, AJEM, Caritas Migrant Centre, Cooperative Housing Foundation, Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli, Concern, Global Communities, Cooperazione Internationale, Danish Refugee Council, Dar El Fatwa, International Alert, International Medical Corps, International Orthodox Christian Charities, International Relief and Development, International Rescue Committee, INTERSOS, Islamic Relief, Makhzoumi Foundation, Medair, Mercy Corps, Norwegian Refugee Council, Oxfam, Polish Center for International Aid, Première Urgence - Aide Médicale Internationale, RESTART, Right To Play, Save the Children International, Search for Common Ground, SHIELD, Solidar, Terre des Hommes, War Child Holland, World Vision International|
|Others: UNDP, UN-HABITAT, UNOPS, WHO|
|Note: Selection of implementing partners for 2015 is still under discussion.|
|Government agencies: High Relief Commission, Parliament's Human Rights Committee, Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Ministry of the Interior and Municipalities, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Public Health|
|NGOs: ActionAid Denmark, ALPHA, Associazione Volontari per il Servizio Internazionale, Center for Victims of Torture, Fundación Promocíon Social de la Cultura, GVC/Muslim Aid, Handicap International, Heartland Alliance International, Lebanese Red Cross, Makassed, Médecins du Monde, Refugee Education Trust, Relief International, René Moawad Foundation, Safadi Foundation, Terre des Hommes Lausanne, World Rehabilitation Fund, YMCA|
|Others: FAO, ICRC, IFRC, ILO, IOM, Lebanese Red Cross, OCHA, OHCHR, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF,UNODC, UNRWA, UNSCOL, UNWOMEN, WFP|
| Financial information |
The financial requirements for UNHCR's operation in Lebanon continue to increase, in line with population trends and greater vulnerabilities resulting largely from the Syrian refugee influx: from USD 13.7 million in 2011 to a revised budget of USD 471.9 million in 2014.
For 2015, the budget is set at USD 556.8 million, largely to respond to the Syria situation. In light of the evolving situation in the Syrian Arab Republic and in Iraq, any changes in requirements will be presented in the 2015 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) for the Syria situation and in a Supplementary Appeal for the Iraq situation.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2015 Update
UNHCR contact information
|The UNHCR Representation in Lebanon|
|Style of Address||The UNHCR Represenative in Lebanon|
|Street Address||Khater Bldg, Dr. Philippe Hitti Street, Ramlet El Baida, (Behind Spinneys Supermarket Jnah), BEIRUT, Lebanon|
|Mailing Address||P.O. Box 11-7332, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon|
|Telephone||961 1 849 201|
|Facsimile||961 1 849 211|
|Time Zone||GMT + 2|
|Public Holidays||01 January 2014, New Year's Day
13 January 2014, Prophet's Birthday
18 April 2014, Good Friday
21 April 2014, Easter Monday
01 May 2014, Labour Day
28 July 2014, Eid Al-Fitr
06 October 2014, Eid Al-Adha
27 October 2014, Hejri New Year (1436)
24 November 2014, Independence Day
25 December 2014, Christmas Day