2014 UNHCR country operations profile - Pakistan
| Overview |
Pakistan currently hosts some 1.6 million registered Afghans, the largest protracted refugee situation globally. Since March 2002, UNHCR has facilitated the return of 3.8 million registered Afghans from Pakistan in the world's largest voluntary repatriation operation.
Efforts to promote durable solutions for Afghans are being pursued through the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR), launched at an international conference in Geneva in May 2012, complemented by the Government of Pakistan's national policy on Afghan refugees adopted in July 2013. UNHCR will continue to advocate for Pakistan to adopt national legislation on refugees.
At the end of July 2013, over 1 million internally displaced individuals (170,000 families) were estimated to be affected by the ongoing security operations in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). In 2013, there are still three camps for the internally displaced population supported by UNHCR, accommodating more than 80,000 individuals.
The security situation in Pakistan remains fragile. Instability in many of the locations in which UNHCR operates limits its movements and presence. In order to improve outreach, the Office maintains close working relationships with its local partners, enabling the provision of assistance to people of concern in areas where UNHCR does not have access.
Thanks to the generous support provided by the Government of Pakistan, some refugee villages in the provinces of Balochistan, KP and Punjab are established on government-owned land; refugee children have access to public schools; and refugees have access to public health clinics.
People of concern
The main groups of people of concern planned for in 2014 under the Pakistan operation are:
Afghan refugees who have fled Afghanistan due to violence and persecution at various times since 1979, of which close to 40 per cent are living in refugee villages and close to 60 per cent in urban and rural host communities throughout Pakistan; and asylum-seekers and individually recognized refugees from various countries, who are living mainly in urban areas, and once recognized by UNHCR under its mandate, are channelled through the resettlement procedures;
Three major groups thought to be at risk of statelessness in Pakistan, namely Bengalis and Biharis, as well as people from Myanmar; and
Internally displaced families who have relocated within and outside the tribal areas, due to the military operations in FATA.
|UNHCR 2014 planning figures for Pakistan|
|TYPE OF POPULATION||ORIGIN||Dec 2013||Dec 2014||Dec 2015|
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Total in country||of whom assisted
|Returnee arrivals during year (ex-IDPs)||Pakistan||330,000||330,000||240,000||240,000||270,000||270,000|
| Response |
Needs and strategies
The Office's priorities for 2014-2015 include: supporting the Government of Pakistan in the implementation of the SSAR and the new national policy on refugees; increasing the potential for durable solutions by preserving asylum space and supporting host communities.
Voluntary repatriation remains one of the key elements of the SSAR, with a planning figure of 150,000 individuals repatriating with UNHCR's assistance in 2014. However, voluntary repatriation depends on the sustainability of reintegration and on positive developments in relation to the transition period in Afghanistan, including the withdrawal of international security forces and the upcoming elections. As Pakistan is a pilot country for UNHCR's global education and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) strategies, the Office will develop dedicated and integrated programmes in both areas in 2014.
The Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) programme, a key element of the SSAR, will continue to be expanded to enhance support to host communities. About 300,000 Afghan refugees will benefit from this programme in the areas of education, health, livelihood, social and environmental protection and capacity building efforts.
Regarding asylum-seekers and individually recognized refugees, UNHCR will focus on improving registration, protection needs assessments and refugee status determination, together with increasing the resettlement options for those unable to repatriate or facing serious protection challenges.
The main needs of IDPs include the maintenance of the existing three camps and protection activities, such as registration, legal aid and civil documentation support, monitoring and interventions. The Office also has cluster lead coordination responsibilities.
Furthermore, UNHCR will advocate for Pakistan's accession to the Statelessness Conventions, and analyze the statelessness issues in Pakistan.
| Implementation |
UNHCR will continue to expand its strategic relations in Pakistan at the federal and provincial levels, with both Government and non-government stakeholders. The RAHA programme will continue to be the link to the UN Delivering as One framework (One-UN), which will further strengthen the partnerships with unilateral and multilateral donors.
Given the protracted nature of the Afghan refugee situation in Pakistan and the funding constraints, UNHCR will build synergies between the care and maintenance assistance provided to refugees, the RAHA initiative and the wider involvement of One-UN interventions. The Office will focus on burden-sharing strategies with UNICEF, UNFPA, WHO, the Government and relevant non-governmental operational partners.
|2014 UNHCR partners in Pakistan|
|Government agencies: Afghan Refugees and Repatriation Cell (Karachi), Balochistan Forest and Wildlife Department, Chief Commissionerate for Afghan Refugees in Islamabad, Commissionerate for Afghan Refugees in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and FATA, Disaster Management Authority, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation, Ministry of States and Frontier Regions, National Database and Registration Authority, Provincial Disaster Management Authority|
|NGOs: Agence d'Aide à la Coopération technique et au Développement, Alfalah Development Foundation, Alisei - Italy, American Refugee Committee, Awaz Welfare Organisation, Azat Foundation, Balochistan Rural Development and Research Society, Basic Education and Employable Skill Training, Basic Education for Afghan Refugees, Centre for Excellence for Rural Development, Church World Service, Council for Community Development, Courage Development Foundation, Danish Refugee Council, Dost Welfare Foundation, Drugs and Narcotics Educational Services for Humanity, Foundation for Rural Development, Gender and Reproductive Health Organisation, Hujra Village Support Organisation, Innovative Development Organisation, International Catholic Migration Commission, International Rescue Committee, Legend Society, Muslim Aid, Naveed Khan Foundation, Organisation for Community Services and Development, Pakistan Community Development Programme, Sarhad Rural Support Programme, Save the Children, Society for Community Support to Primary Education, Society for Empowering Human Resources, Society for Humanitarian Assistance, Research, Empowerment and Development, Society for Humanitarian Rights and Prisoners, Struggle for Change, Tamer-e-Khalq Foundation, Taraqee Foundation, The Frontier Primary Healthcare, Union Aid for Afghan Refugees, Water Environment and Sanitation Society|
|Government agencies: National Disaster Management Authority, Ministries of the Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Human Rights, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, and Ministry of Social Welfare|
|NGOs: Norwegian Refugee Council|
|Others: FAO, ICRC, ILO, UN HABITAT, UN Women, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNV, WFP, WHO|
| Financial information |
UNHCR's operation in Pakistan is complex and faces serious resource mobilization challenges in a context of frequent emergencies related to both conflicts and natural disasters.
In 2010, the financial requirements for Pakistan peaked due to the emergency assistance provided in response to the devastating floods. Following this, the budget declined and increased once more in 2013, mainly due to the additional requirements for relief-to-development activities under the RAHA project. In 2014, the financial requirements for Pakistan are set at USD 147.7 million, a decrease of USD 13.6 million when compared to the 2013 revised budget, mainly due to an expected reduction in the number of IDPs. Within the 2014 budget, USD 58.1 million is allocated for the refugee programme, USD 28.6 million for the protection and assistance of conflict-related IDPs and USD 60.8 million for development projects aimed at the peaceful coexistence of refugees and host communities.
Source: UNHCR Global Appeal 2014-2105
UNHCR contact information
|Style of Address||REPRESENTATIVE|
|Street Address||UNHCR, Bo Islamabad, Diplomatic Enclave G-4 Near Quid-E-Azam Universty,P.O.Box 1263
|Mailing Address||UNHCR, Bo Islamabad, Diplomatic Enclave G-4 Near Quid-E-Azam Universty,P.O.Box 1263
|Time Zone||GMT + 5:00|
|Public Holidays||3/1/2011 new year
16/2/2011 eid-ul-milad ul Nabi
23/3/2011 .Defence Day
14/8/2011 Independance Day
31/8/2011,1/9/2011, 2/9/2011 Eid-ul Fitr
Eid-ul Azha 7, 8 Nov 2011
5.6 Dec 2011
25th Dec 2011 Quid-E-Azam Birth Day.
|UNHCR Sub Office in Quetta|
|Style of Address||The Head of UNHCR Sub Office in Quetta|
|Street Address||House No.36-E, chaman Housing Scheme
Airport Road, Quetta PAKISTAN
|Mailing Address||P.O. Box No.30
|Telephone||+92 81 2829368-9|
|Facsimile||+92 81 2829370|
|Time Zone||GMT + 5:00|
|Public Holidays||03 January 2011 New Year Day
10 February 2011 Eid Milad-un-Nabi
23 March 2011 Pakistan Day
15 August 2011 Independence Day
*01 September 2011 Eid ul Fitr
*02 September 2011 Eid ul Fitr
*07 November 2011 Eid ul Azha
*08 November 2011 Eid ul Azha
*06 December 2011 Ashura
26 December 2011 Birthday of Qaid-e-Azam/Christmas