Global Needs Assessment
What it Takes to Do the Job
In 2009, UNHCR rolled out worldwide a Global Needs Assessment (GNA) aimed at determining the real needs of refugees and internally displaced people, the costs of meeting those needs and the consequences of any gaps. The GNA is now an integral part of how UNHCR maps and plans its operations around the globe.
The GNA started as a pilot project in 2008 in eight countries - Cameroon, Ecuador, Georgia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Thailand, Yemen and Zambia - and found that there were gaps in several areas, including shelter, health, education, food security, sanitation and the prevention of sexual violence. Nearly a third of those unmet needs were basic and essential services.
The Global Needs Assessment is a blueprint for planning and action and allows donors to have a very accurate picture of what is needed and the impact of their support.