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Operational Guidance

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For the prevention of micronutrient deficiencies and malnutrition

Micronutrient malnutrition and undernutrition are now widely recognised as priority areas during emergency responses and protracted refugee operations. During 2009, UNHCR commenced implementation of a strategy that aims to achieve a reduction in anaemia and other micronutrient deficiencies / undernutrition, thereby enhancing growth, development and health in refugee populations across global operations. The approach involves the use, amongst other interventions, of improved fortified blended foods (FBF++), micronutrient powders (MNP) or lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS).

UNHCR identified the urgent need to improve the assessment of micronutrient, acute, and chronic malnutrition, as well as the design of programmes for their control and reduction in both emergency and protracted situations. As many of the nutrition interventions being adopted are still relatively new, there was also a need for additional technical guidance for setting up and maintaining intervention programmes, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems, and mainstreaming best practice. This Operational Guidance has been developed to meet this need and to help country staff deal with the challenges involved in designing blanket programmes using new special nutritional products and fortified blended foods. The Operational Guidance contains six stages covering the key components of planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating blanket programmes that aim to reduce and prevent micronutrient deficiencies and malnutrition in refugee populations.

1. Special nutritional product guidelines




Related Links on Special Nutritional Products