Teaching Tools, 20 March 2007
Run off a class set of the Activity Sheet: The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
Teacher's Resource Sheet 1: "Displaced people in the former Soviet states", has been provided as background information.
Looking at the map on the Activity Sheet: The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), allow the students a few minutes to familiarise themselves with the names of the CIS countries. A number of the CIS countries end with "-stan". Most likely the students would have heard of some of them, but only vaguely know that these countries are somewhere in the former USSR, in Central Asia, in the Caucasus...
Two principal areas of the CIS that have been troubled with armed conflict, and have experienced the resulting refugee movements, are the Caucasus and Central Asia. In this lesson, the students should draw arrows on the map on the Activity Sheet to indicate the flow of population displacements in the Caucasus region:
Students will probably ask why there is a two way traffic of people between some of the countries, as in the case of Georgia and Abkhazia. The next lesson will explain why.
Population displacements in Central Asia can be shown as:
By now, the students' maps probably look a mess, with arrows everywhere. It is to be hoped that this exercise has conveyed to the students the fact that around 9 million people had been on the move, fleeing violent conflict and ethnic strife. In the next lesson, the students will read about reasons that underlie the ethnic strife.