Teaching Tools, 23 March 2007
In this lesson, students will study in more detail one of the CIS countries, Tajikistan, where a civil war broke out in 1992, only months after the country gained independence. Thousands of Tajiks fled from the countryside to the capital city of Dushanbe, to Afghanistan and elsewhere. The students will be introduced to UNHCR's role in the protection and reintegration of returnees and displaced people in Tajikistan.
For the teacher, background information about the conflict in Tajikistan is provided in the Teachers' Resource Sheet 2: Restoring stability in Tajikistan.
Have ready the video Tajikistan: Mission Accomplished. This video lasts 15 minutes and is available free of charge from the Public Information Section, UNHCR, PO Box 2500, 1211 Geneva 2, SWITZERLAND.
The Minorities Map from the previous lesson will also be needed.
Have the students locate Tajikistan on their map on the Activity Sheet from Lesson 1. Which countries share borders with Tajikistan?
Referring to the Minorities Map from the previous lesson, what is the ethnic composition of the population of Tajikistan?
Before showing the video Tajikistan: Mission Accomplished, provide a little background information about the inhabitants of Khatlon province. For details, see Teachers' Resource Sheet 2: Restoring stability in Tajikistan. Between the 1930s and 1970s, those inhabitants, the Garmis, were forcibly moved by the Communist regime from their own valley to Khatlon, to provide labour on the cotton farms.