A Fresh Start: refugees from Bhutan arrive in the UK
The UN's largest resettlement program ever has now helped 34,500 refugees from Bhutan start a new life in eight countries around the world.
Kathmandu, Nepal, 09 August (UNHCR) - The resettlement of refugees from Bhutan to the United Kingdom started on Monday with 37 people flying out of Nepal to their new homeland, under UNHCR's largest resettlement programme.
Fifty-six-year old Narad Muni Pokhrel is amongst the first group to leave for Manchester, UK with his wife and family. "I am happy that I got this opportunity and most importantly that I am going with my entire family," said Narad, sipping tea with his friends at the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Transit Centre in the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu. "I am sure that my sons will get jobs and pursue further studies if they wish to."
The families had been living in camps in eastern Nepal along the banks of the Kankai river since the early 1990s, when religious and ethnic persecution in neighbouring Bhutan led to a massive exodus of up to 100,000 ethnic Nepalese. UNHCR launched a resettlement program with the support of the Government of Nepal and resettlement countries in 2007 which has found new homes for 34,500. Another 5,500 are expected to leave before the end of the year.
The UK offered to accept some 100 individuals this year, thus joining the 'Core Group' of eight resettlement countries that has offered resettlement to the refugees from Bhutan.
"The UK has a long history of welcoming people from other countries," the British Chargé D'Affaires, Sophia Willitts-King, said at a ceremony marking the departure. "We know that the diversity it brings makes our country stronger. "
"I am confident that all of you will integrate well into your new host community. I wish you all the best for your new life in the UK and, who knows, 20 years from now one of you might well be in my position representing the UK."
For 17-year-old Man Manya Ghimire, unable to conceal her excitement, resettlement means a new lease on life.
"I have heard that I can get a better education in the UK, which is very important for me," she told me. "I am in Class 10 and if I were to remain in the camps, I would not have the opportunity to pursue my studies beyond Class 10."
"We are extremely grateful to the government of UK for this offer and appreciate the speed of the response by the UK government - with this first group of refugees departing only some eight months after the offer was made," said Mr. Stéphane Jaquemet, UNHCR Representative in Nepal.
Some 77,616 refugees from Bhutan remain in seven camps in eastern Nepal.
Of these, over 56,400 individuals have declared an interest in resettlement.
The United States has so far accepted 29,496, Canada 1,877, Australia 1,787, New Zealand 461, Norway 335, Denmark 326, and the Netherlands 224. "We hope that other countries would also consider resettling refugees from Bhutan," Mr. Jaquemet added,
The resettlement programme is the result of cooperation between the Government of Nepal, the IOM, resettlement countries, and UNHCR.
"IOM is proud to assist in giving these refugees a new start in life," said Mr. Sarat Dash, IOM Chief of Mission in Nepal. By spearheading the resettlement of refugees like Pokhrel and Ghimire, the UNHCR is giving hope to refugees stuck in protracted situations in camps around the world.
By Nini Gurung and Pratibedan Baidya in Kathmandu