A young woman and her family are internally displaced within Mozambique as of 2021 as a result of violence.
© UNHCR/Martim Gray Pereira

Women's Claims

UNHCR has long recognized the special protection needs of women and girls in refugee and asylum procedures. UNHCR has developed authoritative commentary on determining refugee status with specific consideration of gender.


UNHCR has developed the following summary, which explains UNHCR’s views on gender-based asylum claims, which a focus on the “particular social group” ground for seeking asylum, as relevant to pursuing asylum claims in the U.S.

On March 10, UNHCR, CGRS, and Tahirih Justice Center co-hosted a training on Representing Women from Central America: Leveraging International Law to Strengthen Asylum Claims.

  • Recording available here. Click here for Powerpoint slides.

UNHCR Resources

NTCA and Mexico Country Conditions Reports

Country conditions reports should be submitted with the asylum application. Such reports provide the adjudicator with background information about the human rights situation in the applicant’s country of origin or last habitual residence. 

Other Materials