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As of 31 January 2022, more than 46,000 refugees and asylum-seekers are registered with UNHCR India, mainly from Myanmar and Afghanistan.

Refugees and asylum-seekers in India primarily live in urban settings alongside host communities. 46% of the refugees are women and girls, and 36% are children.

India has been hosting varied refugee groups for decades and has found solutions for many forcibly displaced persons. UNHCR supports the efforts of the Government and its people in assisting refugees across 11 states, working closely with varied stakeholders, including line ministries, community groups, and NGOs.

UNHCR focuses on protection needs and conducts registration and RSD, promoting solutions and self-reliance. As of date, 17,933 Sri Lankan refugees returned voluntarily with UNHCR’s assistance (based on UNHCR records from 2002 to February 2022).

The UNHCR India office covers the Maldives, where it works closely on capacity-building efforts, inclusion, and the international protection needs of those forced to flee.

Additional information

For information about our work in India:


Are you a refugee or asylum-seeker in India? Find information about your rights and available services on our HELP site.

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India website

Visit the UNHCR India website for more information on our work in the area and the latest local news and stories.

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Legislation and guidance

For legislation, case law and UNHCR policy relating to claims for international protection, visit Refworld.

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