Mixed Migration

A 10-Point Plan of Action

Migrant is a wide-ranging term that covers people who move to a foreign country for a certain length of time – not to be confused with short-term visitors such as tourists and traders. People migrate for a variety of reasons.

Migrants are fundamentally different from refugees and, thus, are treated very differently under international law. Migrants, especially economic migrants, choose to move in order to improve their lives. Refugees are forced to flee to save their lives or preserve their freedom.

Migrants and refugees increasingly make use of the same routes and means of transport to get to an overseas destination. If people composing these mixed flows are unable to enter a particular state legally, they often employ the services of human smugglers and embark on dangerous sea or land voyages, which many do not survive.

To help states address mixed migration movements in a protection-sensitive way, UNHCR in 2006 launched a 10-Point Plan of Action on Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration. The plan sets out key areas where protection interventions are called for. Mixed migration movements are of concern mainly in the Mediterranean basin, the Gulf of Aden, Central America and the Caribbean, South-east Asia and the Balkans.

Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration: A 10-Point Plan of Action

A UNHCR strategy setting out key areas in which action is required to address the phenomenon of mixed and irregular movements of people. See also: Schematic representation of a profiling and referral mechanism in the context of addressing mixed migratory movements.

Refugee ProtectionAsylum and Migration

The 10-Point Plan in Action: A UNHCR Compilation

This living document presents practices and tools relevant to implementation of the plan.