Welcome to UNHCR’s Refugee Population Statistics Database

The database contains information about forcibly displaced populations spanning across almost 70 years of statistical activities. It covers displaced populations such as refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people, including their demographics. Stateless people are also included, most of who have never been displaced. The database also reflects the different types of solutions for displaced populations such as repatriation or resettlement.

This website is based on three data sources:

  • UNHCR data collected through its annual statistical activities with some data going back as far as 1951, the year UNHCR was created.
  • Data provided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). Information is limited to registered Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate.
  • Data provided by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Information is limited to people displaced within their country due to conflict or violence.

For methodological explanations, data limitations and coverage, visit the Methodology page.

68%
originate from just five countries

More than two thirds of all refugees under UNHCR’s mandate and Venezuelans displaced abroad come from just five countries (as of end-2020).

Syrian Arab Republic 6.7 million
Venezuela 4.0 million
Afghanistan 2.6 million
South Sudan 2.2 million
Myanmar 1.1 million
39%
hosted in five countries

Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees, with nearly 3.7 million people. Colombia is second with 1.7 million, including Venezuelans displaced abroad (as of end-2020).

Turkey 3.7 million
Colombia 1.7 million
Pakistan 1.4 million
Uganda 1.4 million
Germany 1.2 million
35 million
are children

An estimated 35 million (42%) of the 82.4 million forcibly displaced people are children below 18 years of age (end-2020).

1 million
children were born as refugees

Between 2018 and 2020, an average of between 290,000 and 340,000 children were born into a refugee life per year.

285,400
refugees returned or were resettled

Some 251,000 refugees returned to their countries of origin during 2020 while 34,400 were resettled (with or without UNHCR’s assistance).

86%
hosted in developing countries

Developing countries host 86 per cent of the world’s refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad. The Least Developed Countries provide asylum to 27 per cent of the total.

4.2
million stateless people

Data on some 4.2 million stateless people residing in 94 countries was reported at end-2020. The true global figure is estimated to be significantly higher.

73%
hosted in neighbouring countries

73 per cent of refugees and Venezuelans displaced abroad lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin.

Last update: 18 June 2021

Download the Refugee Data mobile app

Mobile phones

The UNHCR Refugee Data app showcases forced displacement and statelessness statistics over the last 20 years by country of asylum and origin.