Since the BiH government took over refugee status determination procedures in 2004, UNHCR has supported their capacity-building and legislative improvement. A new Law on Asylum was adopted in 2016, which largely meets international standards and EU acquis requirements. Since 2004, BiH granted refugee status to fifteen persons and subsidiary protection to 84 persons. UNHCR continues to work in cooperation with relevant authorities to monitor and improve legislation related to asylum and its application.

Since 2008 UNHCR worked closely with free legal aid civil society and local governmental actors in mapping the needs for individual-level interventions and ensuring free legal aid and birth registration for 96 % of 1840 persons identified. Thanks to successful cooperation between all stakeholders, the number of people estimated to be at risk of statelessness has dropped from around 4,500 in 2010 to less than a hundred in 2018.

UNHCR was strong involved in several notable projects targeting the wellbeing of IDPs and returnees and refugees from the former Yugoslavia. UNHCR developed a comprehensive evidence-based methodology for selection of vulnerable beneficiaries and strengthened capacities of several BiH municipalities enabling them to better manage their budgets, demonstrate their knowledge of existing needs, and on that basis, mobilize the assistance of international donors.