Burning of houses harming the peace process
Specials, 5 February 2002
SKOPJE – The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Skopje condemns the recent burning of houses in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). UNHCR calls on all FYROM citizens to respect the rule of law, and to show tolerance towards the minority members of any village in the country, regardless of ethnic background; an issue of crucial importance for the building of confidence among the citizens.
To UNHCR's knowledge, a house belonging to a person of minority background planning to return was recently set on fire in the Kumanovo village of Opae, while an attempt of arson in the village of Ropalce was prevented by neighbours.
"Such arson seems to be aimed at preventing people from returning to their homes, and will hinder UNHCR's efforts to help people to return in safety and dignity. These acts are detrimental to the peace process and the efforts to stabilise the country", said Amin Awad, UNHCR Representative in FYROM. "Assistance provided by UNHCR and other agencies is being funded by international donors, and the will to help FYROM may be put at risk by such acts". Mr. Awad added however that he is pleased to hear that in the case of the attempted arson in Ropalce, neighbours reacted quickly and managed to extinguish the fire. " A good example of community support, regardless of ethnic background, which gives hope for the future."
UNHCR is contributing to the Government's efforts to implement the Framework Agreement signed in Ohrid by assisting in helping all refugees and internally displaced persons to go home and to help ensure that the return is sustainable. The return of people who constitute a minority in their area of origin is one of the UN Refugee Agency's main concerns and challenges in the weeks and months to come, and additional efforts will be undertaken to facilitate this process. 21,000 persons remain displaced within the country, while some 10,000 refugees still stay in Kosovo.
Ingushetia: Internally Displaced Chechens
When fighting broke out between government troops and rebel forces in Chechnya in 1999, over 200,000 people fled the republic, most of them to the neighbouring republic of Ingushetia. Today, tens of thousands of Chechens remain displaced in Ingushetia, unwilling to go home because of continuing security concerns.
As of early December 2003, some 62,000 displaced Chechens were living in temporary settlements or in private accommodation. Those living in settlements face constant threats of eviction, often by owners who wish to use their buildings again.
Another 7,900 displaced Chechens live in tents in three remaining camps – Satsita, Sputnik, and Bart.
The authorities have repeatedly called for the closure of tent camps and the return of the displaced people to Chechnya. Three camps have been closed in the past year – Iman camp at Aki Yurt, "Bella" or B camp, and "Alina" or A camp. Chechens from the latter two camps who did not wish to go home were allowed to move to Satsita camp or other existing temporary settlements in Ingushetia.
Ingushetia: Internally Displaced Chechens
Greece: Health risk to refugee children in Idomeni
Some 10,000 refugees and migrants remain camped out at an informal site at Greece's northern border with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The makeshift home is also home to an estimated 4,000 children, the majority of whom are under the age of five. Doctors warn conditions in the camp are becoming dangerous for children.
Serbia: Presevo Crossing from FYR Macedonia
On October 20, the number of refugees and migrants arriving in Greece passed the half million mark. Their ultimate destination is northern Europe. The majority will take a route that goes from Greece, to FYR Macedonia and then onward through Serbia. At the border point of Presevo, Serbia they must go through a registration process before being allowed to continue their onward journey.
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Refugees Onward Journey
A transit centre at Vinojug, on FYR Macedonia's border with Greece is where the refugees and migrants pass through on their journey further into Europe. Here UNHCR and partner organisations provide food, water, medical care, psycho-social support and information for refugees who take the train towards the border with Serbia. UNHCR also provides information on how to access the asylum system in the country. In recent weeks, an average of 6,300 refugees pass through the camp every day, yesterday that number grew to 10,000, a record.