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More Sierra Leonean refugees set to fly home from Nigeria

News Stories, 3 September 2002

© UNHCR/A.van Genderen Stort
The first group of Sierra Leonean returnees from Nigeria receives a warm welcome at the airport near Freetown.

LAGOS, Nigeria, September 3 (UNHCR) In a vote of confidence for their country's peace process, a second group of Sierra Leonean refugees in Nigeria started their journey home today under the auspices of the UN refugee agency.

On Tuesday, 48 Sierra Leoneans left Nigeria's Oru camp on a two-hour bus journey to the capital of Lagos, where they will stay overnight and undergo customs procedures at Hajj camp, near the airport. They will fly to Sierra Leone's capital of Freetown on Wednesday, joined by 15 urban refugees living in Lagos who had sought UNHCR's help to go home.

The group forms the second convoy of Sierra Leonean refugees returning from Nigeria since voluntary repatriation started on August 28, bringing the total number so far to 132. Some 270 out of the over 2,000 Sierra Leoneans who fled to Nigeria over the years have signed up to go home.

"The Lagos-Freetown airlift is part of a one-month operation that will see a total of 270 Sierra Leoneans repatriate in five weekly flights from Lagos," said Maggie Heraty, UNHCR's senior logistics officer. "Logistically speaking, this is a relatively easy operation with few people at a time, nothing like the bigger operations where we return many more people at once."

Landing at Lungi Airport near Freetown last Wednesday, the first group of returnees comprising mostly women and children was received by Sierra Leonean government officials, traditional paramount chiefs and staff from the UN refugee agency.

"It is wonderful to be home," wept Fatmata, carrying her baby and dragging her enormous bag off the plane. She was among the several thousand refugees who fled to Nigeria in 1997, when civil war was raging in Sierra Leone.

Fellow returnee Victor Johnson recalled his flight in 1997. "My wife wanted to stay to continue her little business while I checked out the conditions in Nigeria. We were in close contact until 1999 but since then, when the rebels came, I have not heard from her."

Though Johnson's house was burnt and his family's whereabouts were unknown, he believed that all would be fine when he arrived home. "After the recent elections, I believed that the time was finally ripe for return. I want to live in peace in my own land," he said.

Returnees have been grouped according to areas of origin, with the first two convoys originating mostly from Freetown. Three subsequent flights will transport returnees from other regions, including Bo, Kenema, Makeni and Koidu, in the interior of the country. The repatriation operation is set to be completed by September 25.

Each returnee family will receive a reintegration coupon entitling it to a two-month food ration provided by the UN World Food Programme, including 18 kg of cereals, 1.5 litre of oil and 7.5 kg of pulses. The reintegration kit also comprises three blankets and three sleeping mats as well as soaps, a jerry can, a kitchen set, a plastic sheet and a lantern per family.

Returnees from Freetown will receive their package at UNHCR office in Lungi as well as a secondary transport allowance of 15,000 leones ($7.50) to make their own way back home from the Lungi peninsula via ferry. Returnees from other parts of the country will be transported to Port Loko way station, where the same procedures will apply. If necessary, they will stay overnight in the Port Loko way station before continuing their journey.

All returnees will be vaccinated against measles before leaving Nigeria. They will also receive information notes about the general security situation inside Sierra Leone, as well as details of the education system for which UNHCR provides community-based assistance, through the provision of school buildings, furniture, and learning materials and school enrolment.

Since September 2000, the UN refugee agency has assisted 112,000 Sierra Leonean returnees to resettle at home. Most have returned from Liberia and Guinea, with smaller caseloads from Nigeria, Ghana, Mauritania, Guinea-Bissau and Côte d'Ivoire. In all, a total of 170,000 Sierra Leonean refugees are estimated to have returned, either through UNHCR-organised programmes or spontaneously from countries of asylum.




UNHCR country pages

Nigeria: The Casualties of Conflict

One year after the Nigerian government declared a state of emergency in the northern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, violence continues to displace people within Nigeria and to neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger, including some 22,000 Nigerian refugees. Civilians trapped at home face recurrent attacks by insurgents, with a series of kidnappings and killings culminating in mid-April this year in the abduction of more than 200 girls from a school in Chibok, Borno.

UNHCR's Hélène Caux recently travelled to the region to meet with some of the 250,000 internally displaced, including students caught up in the violence. Those she spoke to told her about their fears, and the atrocities and suffering they had endured or witnessed. People spoke about their homes and fields being destroyed, grenade attacks on markets, the killing of friends and relatives, and arbitrary arrests. Uniting them is an overwhelming sense of terror. Caux found it a challenge to photograph people who live in constant fear of being attacked. "It was this delicate balance to try to achieve between featuring them, communicating their stories and protecting them," she said.

Nigeria: The Casualties of Conflict

Thousands Start Afresh in Niger After Fleeing Nigeria

In May 2013, the Nigerian government, responding to a surge in violence in the north-east of the country, declared a state of emergency in the volatile states of Borno, Adawama and Yobe. Many people fled to neighbouring Niger's Diffa region and to the Far North Region of Cameroon. Fresh violence in January this year has forced thousands more to flee to both countries. UNHCR photographer Hélène Caux visited the towns of Bosso and Diffa in Niger's Diffa region shortly before the latest influx. She met some of the Nigerian refugees who had fled earlier waves of violence across the border. They told her of the violence they had seen, the losses they had suffered and their attempts to lead as normal a life as possible in Diffa, including sending their children to attend school. They are grateful to the communities that have welcomed and helped them in Niger.

Thousands Start Afresh in Niger After Fleeing Nigeria

Sierra Leone: Last Return Convoy from Liberia

On July 21, 2004, the final UNHCR convoy from Liberia crossed over the Mano River bridge into Sierra Leone with 286 returnees. This convoy included the last of some 280,000 refugees returning home after Sierra Leone's brutal 10-year civil war which ended in 2000. Overall, since repatriation began in 2001, UNHCR has helped some 178,000 refugees return home, with a further 92,000 returning spontaneously, without transport assistance from UNHCR.

UNHCR provided returnees with food rations and various non-food items, including jerry cans, blankets, sleeping mats, soap and agricultural tools in order to help them establish their new lives in communities of origin. To promote integration of newly arrived returnees, UNHCR has implemented some 1,000 community empowerment projects nationwide. Programmes include the building and rehabilitation of schools, clinics, water and sanitation facilities, as well as micro-credit schemes and skills training.

UNHCR and its partners, alongside the UN country team and the government, will continue to assist the reintegration of returnees through the end of 2005.

Sierra Leone: Last Return Convoy from Liberia

Niger: Flight from Nigeria
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