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UNHCR starts airlift from Namibia to Angola's central highlands

News Stories, 24 September 2004

© UNHCR/E.Xamseb
Angolan refugees boarding the first flight back to Huambo from Namibia's Hosea Kutako International Airport.

WINDHOEK, Namibia, Sept 24 (UNHCR) One hundred and five refugees flew home yesterday to Angola's central highlands on the first airlift from Namibia under UNHCR's voluntary repatriation programme.

The Angolan refugees left Osire camp in central Namibia on Thursday morning, and within hours, were airborne on the inaugural flight to Huambo, the main town in Angola's central highlands that serves as the transport and commercial hub for the agriculturally-rich region.

Huambo was also the stronghold of Jonas Savimbi, leader of the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) before his death in 2002 paved the way for peace accords that ended 27 years of civil war in Angola.

Among Thursday's passengers were a mother and her eight children, who were visibly excited at the prospect of their first flight and returning home after years in exile. The woman's husband had returned to Huambo earlier and would meet them at the airport.

"It is very rewarding to see that all our hard work has brought such joy and hope to many refugees," said Victoria Akyeampong, UNHCR's Head of Desk for Southern Africa Operations in Geneva, who witnessed the sendoff from Namibia's Hosea Kutako International Airport.

In his farewell speech to the departing refugees, UNHCR Representative in Namibia, Hesdy G. Rathling, encouraged them to go home without fear to help rebuild their country, and urged the children to continue their studies back in Angola. He also thanked the International Organization for Migration for facilitating the airlift, as well as the Namibian government and airport authorities for offering a 50-percent discount on airport levies.

Osire's camp administer Paulus Haikali was also at the sendoff, sending his best wishes to the refugees on behalf of the Namibian government.

UNHCR hopes to complete the Osire-Huambo leg of the repatriation by the end of November, transporting some 440 refugees home on four flights every week. Airlifts offer the only feasible way back to Huambo as the long distance and poor road conditions make it unsafe to return to the central highlands by other means.

Elsewhere in Angola, land convoys remain the main mode of transport from Namibia. UNHCR has completed repatriation from Namibia to Cunene province in south-western Angola. Convoys to Kuando Kubango province in the south-east are underway, while another land corridor to Huila province north of Cunene is expected to open in October.

So far this year, 2,615 Angolan refugees have returned home from Namibia with UNHCR assistance. The agency expects to repatriate most of the estimated 10,000 Angolan refugees remaining in Namibia's Osire camp and Kasava settlement by the end of the year.

Overall, nearly 24,000 Angolan refugees have returned home this year on UNHCR-organised convoys from Namibia (2,615), from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (10,834) and from Zambia (10,630).

When the 2002 April peace accords were signed, an estimated 441,000 Angolan refugees were estimated to be living in bordering countries. Since then, some 250,000 have returned home, leaving about 200,000 Angolans in the major asylum countries of the DRC, Zambia, Namibia and the Republic of Congo.

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UNHCR country pages

Repatriation

UNHCR works with the country of origin and host countries to help refugees return home.

Return to Swat Valley

Thousands of displaced Pakistanis board buses and trucks to return home, but many remain in camps for fear of being displaced again.

Thousands of families displaced by violence in north-west Pakistan's Swat Valley and surrounding areas are returning home under a government-sponsored repatriation programme. Most cited positive reports about the security situation in their home areas as well as the unbearable heat in the camps as key factors behind their decision to return. At the same time, many people are not yet ready to go back home. They worry about their safety and the lack of access to basic services and food back in Swat. Others, whose homes were destroyed during the conflict, are worried about finding accommodation. UNHCR continues to monitor people's willingness to return home while advocating for returns to take place in safety and dignity. The UN refugee agency will provide support for the transport of vulnerable people wishing to return, and continue to distribute relief items to the displaced while assessing the emergency shelter needs of returnees. More than 2 million people have been displaced since early May in north-west Pakistan. Some 260,000 found shelter in camps, but the vast majority have been staying with host families or in rented homes or school buildings.

Return to Swat Valley

Tanzanian refugees return to Zanzibar

The UN refugee agency has successfully completed the voluntary repatriation of 38 Tanzanian refugees from Zanzibar who had been residing in the Somalia capital, Mogadishu, for more than a decade. The group, comprising 12 families, was flown on two special UNHCR-chartered flights from Mogadishu to Zanzibar on July 6, 2012. From there, seven families were accompanied back to their home villages on Pemba Island, while five families opted to remain and restart their lives on the main Zanzibar island of Unguja. The heads of households were young men when they left Zanzibar in January 2001, fleeing riots and violence following the October 2000 elections there. They were among 2,000 refugees who fled from the Tanzanian island of Pemba. The remainder of the Tanzanian refugee community in Mogadishu, about 70 people, will wait and see how the situation unfolds for those who went back before making a final decision on their return.

Tanzanian refugees return to Zanzibar

UNHCR resumes return operation for 43,000 Angolans in DR Congo

The UN refugee agency has resumed a voluntary repatriation programme for Angolan refugees living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Some 43,000 Angolans have said they want to go back home under a project that was suspended four years ago for various reasons. A first group of 252 Angolan civilians left the UNHCR transit centre in the western DRC town of Kimpese on November 4, 2011 They crossed the border a few hours later and were warmly welcomed by officials and locals in Mbanza Congo. In the first two weeks of the repatriation operation, more than 1,000 Angolan refugees returned home from the DRC provinces of Bas-Congo in the west and Katanga in the south. Out of some 113,000 Angolan refugees living in neighbouring countries, 80,000 are hosted by the DRC.

UNHCR resumes return operation for 43,000 Angolans in DR Congo

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