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Blankets bring respite to those staying in hills near Dili

News Stories, 4 July 2006

© UNHCR/A.Rummery
Displaced Timorese Moniz Alves, 81, will be a bit warmer with blankets donated by UNHCR. He is sheltering in a village east of Dili, still too scared to return home.

MOTO KIIK, Timor-Leste, July 5 (UNHCR) Moniz Alves will be a bit warmer tonight after receiving a blanket from UNHCR at a makeshift camp near this village in foothills east of the Timor-Leste capital Dili, but the 81-year-old is still too scared to return home.

While members of the UNHCR emergency response team find the nights pleasantly warm after the heat of the day, locals say it is chilly after darkness falls. July is the coldest month of the year in Timor-Leste, and the mercury drops even further in the higher ground.

While Alves feels safer in the hills during the current unrest, he said it can be a bit cold at night especially with winds coming in from the coast. "I will use this blanket to help keep warm at night," said Alves, who spent three months in the hills during the violence that marred Timor's vote for independence from Indonesia in 1999.

He fled his home in the nearby seaside village of Hera two months ago, and is one of more than 300 families living in or beside a dry river bed near Moto Kiik.

Many came down from the mountains a week ago to set up camp nearer to the village where there is a reliable water supply after UNHCR delivered plastic sheeting and jerry cans. They have rigged shelters by mounting plastic sheets over wooden poles, some reinforced with palm leaves.

UNHCR on Tuesday delivered an initial consignment of 270 blankets for children and the elderly here. This will be topped up later this week with the arrival of more aid from UNHCR stockpiles. A container ship carrying tents, plastic sheeting and 15,000 blankets is due to arrive in Dili from Australia in the coming days.

Despite the relative calm in Dili and surrounding areas since the latest wave of protests ended last Thursday, the displaced people are reluctant to return home. The violence between rival armed groups first flared in late April, forcing tens of thousands of people to flee to camps in and around Dili.

A camp community leader known as Marcos said his house was badly damaged in the unrest after it spread from Dili to Hera. "Only a strong signal from the nation's leaders that all is now calm and the crisis is over will persuade people, camping in the hills for some two months now, that it is safe to return to their homes and get on with their lives," said Marcos, who was helping distribute blankets.

UNHCR team leader Vanno Noupech said a strong police presence would be needed in neighbourhoods and villages before people felt safe enough to return home. He welcomed the recent arrival of 250 Malaysian police officers. "We now have just over 500 international police officers in Timor-Leste and look forward to the improved security in the bairros [neighbourhoods]," he said.

Elsewhere in Timor-Leste, UNHCR continued its relief operations, distributing shelter and relief items, and providing planning advice to various camps around Dili. UNHCR has distributed 2,045 tents, 3,284 plastic sheets, 17,490 blankets, 1,694 jerry cans, 191 stoves and 298 kitchen sets.

By Ariane Rummery in Dili, Timor-Leste




UNHCR country pages

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.5: The Emergency Operation Reaches Out

In mid-June UNHCR extended its emergency relief operation in Timor-Leste to include tens of thousands of people who fled violence in the capital Dili for districts in the countryside. An estimated 79,000 displaced people are in outlying districts with some 72,000 displaced in Dili.

The UN refugee agency has delivered shelter materials and emergency supplies to easterners and westerners in Hera village, 25 kilometres to the east of Dili. Most of the inhabitants of Hera are westerners and have fled their homes and taken to the hills. A smaller group of easterners have moved to the safety of a fenced naval compound, where they have been joined by easterners who fled Dili. UNHCR has also delivered shelter materials to Metinaro, 40 minutes outside of Dili, as well as to Auturo Island.

Despite sporadic violence, UNHCR continues to help the displaced who say they are still too scared to return to their homes and will wait in temporary shelters until the crisis ends.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.5: The Emergency Operation Reaches Out

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.1: Recent Violence

June 2006

Recent violence in Timor-Leste has displaced about 100,000 people, with 65,000 sheltering in 40 squalid encampments in the capital, Dili, and a further 35,000 taking refuge in the countryside. A UNHCR assessment team visited the makeshift camps in Dili end May and reported the most critical humanitarian needs, aside from security, were food, clean water and shelter.

In a phased response to the crisis and as part of a joint UN effort, UNHCR deployed an emergency team to reinforce staff on the ground and is now airlifting in urgently needed supplies for some 30,000 displaced. The first flight, which arrived in Dili on June 5, brought 14 tonnes of lightweight family tents, plastic sheets and jerry cans from UNHCR stockpiles in Jordan.

UNHCR and its partners will use these items to establish new, planned camps for the displaced, where they can live in better conditions and assistance will be easier to deliver, until the security situation improves and they can return to their homes.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.1: Recent Violence

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.4: UNHCR Sets Up Camps

With the first wave of UNHCR's air and sea operation to rush relief supplies to Timor-Leste completed, the focus is now on improving the living conditions of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) living in crowded, unsanitary makeshift camps around Dili.

Many of the 69,000 displaced in Dili have told UNHCR they prefer to stay near the makeshift sites where they feel safe. In response, UNHCR has begun searching for additional sites around these areas to clear ground, pitch tents and decongest the existing makeshift shelters. Not all makeshift sites are suitable for expansion, so UNHCR is moving ahead with the establishment and planning of new sites.

UNHCR has sent an assessment team to the countryside where some 78,000 Timorese have sought refuge. Many displaced are staying with relatives, while others are sheltering in huts, offices, church building and spontaneous camp sites. We are now delivering assistance to some of these people.

Emergency in Timor-Leste pt.4: UNHCR Sets Up Camps