Iraq Conference: UNHCR says conference agrees on urgent need to help the 4 million Iraqi displaced

News Stories, 18 April 2007

© UNHCR/S.Hopper
UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres addresses journalists after the closing of UNHCR's two-day international conference on the humanitarian crisis in Iraq.

GENEVA, April 18 (UNHCR) An international conference organised by the UN refugee agency to focus on the humanitarian needs of those driven from their homes in Iraq ended on Wednesday with agreement on the urgent need to aid nearly 4 million people who have fled to neighbouring countries or elsewhere inside Iraq.

"There was truly a humanitarian spirit that allowed us to work together, to work together in a committed way for the same purpose the people we care for, the Iraqis displaced inside and outside Iraq," UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres told a concluding news conference after the gathering that drew representatives of 60 nations.

Guterres, who chaired the two-day meeting, said there had been recognition of the need to stem the continuing displacement of Iraqis while ensuring that those who are uprooted receive humanitarian assistance. He also said the conference agreed the international community had to help those neighbouring countries that are bearing most of the burden of hosting Iraqi refugees, especially Syria and Jordan.

"You have underlined the urgency of meeting the humanitarian needs of some 1.9 million internally displaced persons inside Iraq and 2 million refugees abroad, especially of women and children, confirming international recognition of the gravity of the situation," the head of UNHCR said in his closing summary to some 450 conference delegates.

Guterres also welcomed Iraq's announcement at the conference that it would launch a programme, worth US$25 million in the first phase, to assist displaced Iraqis. This would include establishing offices in host countries to assist Iraqi refugees in the health and education sectors as well as providing documents to enable access to services and travel.

"The [Iraqi] government is prepared and fully committed to take the lead in addressing the needs and improving the conditions of all Iraqi people who are internally and externally displaced," he said.

The conference opened with an appeal from UNHCR for a sustained, comprehensive and coordinated international response to the humanitarian crisis the largest displacement of population since the war surrounding the creation of Israel in 1948.

Many Iraqis were displaced before the fall of the previous regime in 2003. Between 2003-2005, more than 300,000 Iraqis had returned home to begin rebuilding their lives but the trend has dramatically reversed, particularly since the Samarra bombing in February 2006. About 750,000 people are estimated to have fled their homes since that incident, with up to 50,000 more displaced each month.

"There has been broad recognition of the fact that local integration of such large numbers of Iraqis in countries of asylum is not an option, and that resettlement will give priority to the most vulnerable," Guterres said. "Everyone emphasised that the preferred solution for the overwhelming majority of Iraqi refugees will be their voluntary return."

"However, the conference called upon all host countries, including those further afield, to continue providing protection, humanitarian assistance and hospitality to Iraqis until such time as conditions have been created to enable voluntary return in safety and dignity," he told representatives of governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations.

Guterres said specific concern was expressed about Palestinian refugees who have been displaced from their homes in Iraq. They have been targets of harassment since the fall of President Saddam Hussein in 2003 and many are now trapped at the borders of neighbouring countries forced from their homes in Iraq, but refused entry to countries that already host millions of Palestinian refugees. The Iraqi government told the conference it would enhance protection of its Palestinian refugees.

Guterres said he hoped international gratitude for the burden assumed by host countries with Syria hosting 1.2 million Iraqis and Jordan another 750,000 would soon translate into financial support for the Iraqi refugees and their host countries. He also hoped to see an increased amount of resettlement to third countries, which is necessary for the most vulnerable refugees.

Humanitarian work inside Iraqi has been difficult because of the security situation, but the UNHCR chief said conference delegates had welcomed the recent approval of a Strategic Framework in Iraq agreed by the United Nations and its partners, which is designed to help expand assistance inside Iraq.

However, as Guterres had noted in his opening address, there was recognition that the humanitarian problems reflected the need for a political solution inside Iraq. "You have expressed a deep concern about the situation inside Iraq and called for urgent action by the Iraqi government and all relevant parties in order to find a durable solution based on national reconciliation," he said.

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Crisis in Iraq: Displacement

UNHCR and its partners estimate that out of a total population of 26 million, some 1.9 million Iraqis are currently displaced internally and more than 2 million others have fled to nearby countries. While many people were displaced before 2003, increasing numbers of Iraqis are now fleeing escalating sectarian, ethnic and general violence. Since January 2006, UNHCR estimates that more than 800,000 Iraqis have been uprooted and that 40,000 to 50,000 continue to flee their homes every month. UNHCR anticipates there will be approximately 2.3 million internally displaced people within Iraq by the end of 2007. The refugee agency and its partners have provided emergency assistance, shelter and legal aid to displaced Iraqis where security has allowed.

In January 2007, UNHCR launched an initial appeal for US$60 million to fund its Iraq programme. Despite security issues for humanitarian workers inside the country, UNHCR and partners hope to continue helping up to 250,000 of the most vulnerable internally displaced Iraqis and their host communities

Posted on 12 June 2007

Crisis in Iraq: Displacement

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

After Saddam Hussein's regime was toppled in Iraq in 2003, groups of refugees who had lived in the country for many years tried to leave the chaos and lawlessness that soon ensued. Hundreds of people started fleeing to the border with Jordan, including Palestinians in Baghdad and Iranian Kurds from the Al Tash refugee camp in central Iraq.

Aside from a few Palestinians with family connections inside the neighbouring country, the refugees were refused entry and free movement in Jordan. Thousands were soon stranded in the no-man's land between Iraq and Jordan or at the desert camp of Ruweished, located 60 kilometres inside Jordan.

Since 2003, Palestinians, Iranian Kurds, Iranians, Sudanese and Somalis have been living there and suffering the scorching heat and freezing winters of the Jordanian desert. UNHCR and its partners have provided housing and assistance and tried to find solutions – the agency has helped resettle more than 1,000 people in third countries. At the beginning of 2007, a total of 119 people – mostly Palestinians – remained in Ruweished camp without any immediate solution in sight.

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Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

The UN refugee agency has launched a US$60 million appeal to fund its work helping hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people. The new appeal concludes that unremitting violence in Iraq will likely mean continued mass internal and external displacement affecting much of the surrounding region. The appeal notes that the current exodus is the largest long-term population movement in the Middle East since the displacement of Palestinians following the creation of Israel in 1948.

UNHCR has warned that the longer this conflict goes on, the more difficult it will become for the hundreds of thousands of displaced and the communities that are trying to help them – both inside and outside Iraq. Because the burden on host communities and governments in the region is enormous, it is essential that the international community support humanitarian efforts.

The US$60 million will cover UNHCR's protection and assistance programmes for Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, as well as non-Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people within Iraq itself.

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