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Deteriorating security in parts of South Sudan hampers refugee returns

News Stories, 24 March 2009

© UNHCR/E.Denholm
A UNHCR convoy carrying Sudanese refugees stops for a break on the way to South Sudan.

JUBA, Sudan, March 24 (UNHCR) The deteriorating security situation in several parts of South Sudan is hampering the repatriation of hundreds of Sudanese refugees from Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia.

Several towns in Central and Eastern Equatoria states were last week paralysed by coordinated blockades organized by war veterans from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) who had not been paid their benefits for five months. The violent protests disrupted life in the towns of Yei, Nimule and Kapoeta for several days.

These disturbances have affected the movement of returnees and humanitarian workers, forcing UNHCR to temporarily suspend or halt five repatriation convoys carrying some 920 returnees from Arua and Adjumani in Uganda to Yei in Central Equatoria and to Magwi County in Eastern Equatoria.

It also affected convoys from Kakuma in Kenya to Budi, Lopa and Lafon in Eastern Equatoria, and to Juba in Central Equatoria and to Twic in the Warrab region. One route from Adjumani to Nimule was accessible on Monday for the return of 389 refugees.

After meetings last Thursday and Friday with Silva Kiir, president of the autonomous government of South Sudan, the SPLA veterans lifted their blockade on Yei. However, protests are continuing in Kapoeta and the town centre is still occupied by the war veterans. Though the highway linking the South Sudan capital, Juba, to Uganda via the border town of Nimule has reopened, the Kapoeta-Narus road remains closed.

A UNHCR team has been held up at the Narus crossing point on the Kenya-Sudan border since last Thursday, prevented from leaving by the SPLA, the former rebel force which signed a comprehensive peace accord with the Sudanese government in January 2005.

In February, UNHCR suspended the repatriation of southern Sudanese refugees from Ethiopia following clashes between the SPLA and Sudanese armed forces in Malakal, which left more than 50 people dead and led to the looting of UN warehouses, and the subsequent relocation of some UN and humanitarian aid agency staff.

UNHCR is also deeply concern about the continuing conflict between the Nuer and Murle ethnic groups in the Jonglei region that has so far claimed the lives of some 750 people and caused significant displacement. The fighting, which was sparked by cattle-rustling raids in Pibor County, has now spread to Akobo and Wanding.

Last week, the governor of the Jonglei region convened an emergency meeting with UN agencies to coordinate a humanitarian response to the victims of the Nuer and Murle clashes.

The number of Sudanese refugees who voluntarily repatriated to South Sudan and Blue Nile state with the help of UNHCR since December 2005 has now reached 154,070 people.

An additional 156,830 refugees spontaneously returned to South Sudan and Blue Nile from neighbouring countries since the signature of the peace agreement in 2005. Refugees have been returning to South Sudan and Blue Nile from the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya and Uganda.




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UNHCR works with the country of origin and host countries to help refugees return home.

South Sudan Crisis: Urgent Appeal

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Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Bonga camp is located in the troubled Gambella region of western Ethiopia. But it remains untouched by the ethnic conflicts that have torn nearby Gambella town and Fugnido camp in the last year.

For Bonga's 17,000 Sudanese refugees, life goes on despite rumblings in the region. Refugee children continue with school and play while their parents make ends meet by supplementing UNHCR assistance with self-reliance projects.

Cultural life is not forgotten, with tribal ceremonies by the Uduk majority. Other ethnic communities – Shuluks, Nubas and Equatorians – are welcome too, judging by how well hundreds of newcomers have settled in after their transfer from Fugnido camp in late 2002.

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

Ahead of South Sudan's landmark January 9, 2011 referendum on independence, tens of thousands of southern Sudanese in the North packed their belongings and made the long trek south. UNHCR set up way stations at key points along the route to provide food and shelter to the travellers during their arduous journey. Several reports of rapes and attacks on travellers reinforced the need for these reception centres, where women, children and people living with disabilities can spend the night. UNHCR has made contingency plans in the event of mass displacement after the vote, including the stockpiling of shelter and basic provisions for up to 50,000 people.

Southerners on the move before Sudanese vote

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

The signing of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the army of the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement on 9 January, 2005, ended 21 years of civil war and signaled a new era for southern Sudan. For some 4.5 million uprooted Sudanese – 500,000 refugees and 4 million internally displaced people – it means a chance to finally return home.

In preparation, UNHCR and partner agencies have undertaken, in various areas of South Sudan, the enormous task of starting to build some basic infrastructure and services which either were destroyed during the war or simply had never existed. Alongside other UN agencies and NGOs, UNHCR is also putting into place a wide range of programmes to help returnees re-establish their lives.

These programs include road construction, the building of schools and health facilities, as well as developing small income generation programmes to promote self-reliance.

South Sudan: Preparing for Long-Awaited Returns

South Sudan: A Long Walk in Search of Safety Play video

South Sudan: A Long Walk in Search of Safety

Years of fighting between Sudan and rebel forces have sent more than 240,000 people fleeing to neighbouring South Sudan, a country embroiled in its own conflict. After weeks on foot, Amal Bakith and her five children are settling in at Ajoung Thok refugee camp where they receive food, shelter, access to education and land.
South Sudan: Four Years On from IndependencePlay video

South Sudan: Four Years On from Independence

In 2011 the people of South Sudan celebrated their independence. Four years later, the world's newest nation is one of the world's worst humanitarian situations. In December 2013, conflict erupted displacing 2 million people including more than 600,000 refugees. South Sudanese has fled to Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, and Sudan. The crisis has especially impacted the next generation of South Sudanese, 70% of those displaced are children.
South Sudan Crisis: One Year OnPlay video

South Sudan Crisis: One Year On