• Text size Normal size text | Increase text size by 10% | Increase text size by 20% | Increase text size by 30%

UNHCR returns to Calais to provide migrants, refugees with information

News Stories, 17 June 2009

© Courtesy of IOM/N.Lajili
Local aid workers distribute food to some of the foreigners who have been living in makeshift shelters in the Calais area.

CALAIS, France, June 17 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has been sending staff from its Paris office on a weekly basis to Calais, where hundreds of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, are living in squalid settlements hoping to cross to the United Kingdom.

UNHCR plans to open a full-time presence from the beginning of July in the northern French port, which it left in 2002 after the authorities closed Sangatte reception centre. UNHCR staff have been staying in Calais for three or four days a week since early June, working with aid partner France Terre d'Asile to inform the people about a wide range of issues.

They explain asylum in France and how to apply for it; organize information sessions with British aid agencies about conditions in the United Kingdom and asylum policies there; and give data on France, Britain and countries through which migrants transit to get here.

"We have come here to help the migrants and asylum seekers to make an informed decision," Francisco Galindo-Velez, UNHCR representative in France, said during a recent visit to Calais, which continues to attract irregular migrants and refugees hoping to reach the UK. He later said this was not just a French problem, but a European and international one.

"They no longer have any link to their country of origin, they need to know what is happening in order to decide their future," added Monique Delannoy, a worker with a local aid agency that helps the uninvited visitors.

Most pay smugglers large sums of money to bring them to Calais, which is separated from the UK by a narrow strip of sea. Ferries criss-cross the English Channel every day and some migrants try to hide on trucks to make the journey from France undetected.

Staff from UNHCR and France Terre d'Asile, together with interpreters, have been visiting the grim makeshift settlements in and around Calais where the migrants live. They mainly come from places like Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq and Somalia, but some are from as far away as Vietnam. Many have had to travel thousands of kilometres to arrive here, literally within sight of their goal.

Most are motivated by economic or family reasons, but a few have fled violence or persecution and their well-being is of direct concern to UNHCR. Many have no idea about the situation back home, or about what they can expect in the UK. "I left my country several months ago, I don't really know what the situation is anymore," Asad, a young Somali, told UNHCR during a food distribution organized by local aid agencies.

There are currently an estimated 800 migrants in the Calais area and about one in five are unaccompanied minors. A further 800 are in other ports on the northern coast. Relations between the foreigners and the people of Calais are tense. If they make it to the UK and are caught, they could face a return to the continent or to their country of origin, unless granted asylum.

By Marie-Ange Lescure in Calais, France

• DONATE NOW •

 

• GET INVOLVED • • STAY INFORMED •

UNHCR country pages

Asylum and Migration

Asylum and Migration

All in the same boat: The challenges of mixed migration around the world.

Chad Mission Photo Gallery

Chad Mission Photo Gallery

From the corners of the globe, the displaced converge in northern France

Hundreds of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees have created a number of makeshift camps in northern France. Drawn from a diverse range of countries, the men are hoping that from France they will be able to enter the United Kingdom.

Locals call it, "The Jungle" - a squalid warren of shanties made out of cardboard, plywood and bits of plastic that has mushroomed among the sand dunes and brambles outside Calais. Hundreds of migrants and asylum seekers from such faraway places as Afghanistan, Somalia and Vietnam have traveled for months and over rough terrain to camp out and eventually cross the 34-kilometre stretch of sea that separates Calais from England's White Cliffs of Dover.

Some have family in the UK or have heard that it is easy to get a good job there. Others have been forced to flee their countries because of political, religious or ethnic persecution, and may be entitled to refugee status.

Since early June, the UN refugee agency and its local partner, France Terre d'Asile, have been present in Calais, informing and counselling hundreds of people about asylum systems and procedures in France and the UK.

From the corners of the globe, the displaced converge in northern France

Braving the cold in Calais

Many boys and young men from places like Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Somalia and the Sudan end up in the northern French port of Calais after a long and dangerous journey. Some have fled their countries to escape persecution, conflict or forced recruitment, others are looking for a better life. Calais has become a transit point where people smugglers have established networks to take these men to other European countries. Their makeshift encampments are regularly cleared by the French police, and they sleep most nights out in the open. They live in fear of being arrested or deported. UNHCR's office in Calais seeks to provide the young men arriving in the city with information about their options and the asylum system in France.

Braving the cold in Calais

Italy: Mediterranean RescuePlay video

Italy: Mediterranean Rescue

The Italy Navy rescues hundreds of migrants and asylum seekers on the high seas as the numbers of people undertaking the crossing of the Mediterranean from North Africa grows.
Italy: Thousands of Refugees Rescued in SicilyPlay video

Italy: Thousands of Refugees Rescued in Sicily

Over 1,200 migrants were rescued from inflatable boats off the boast of Lampedusa on the 7th of February by the Italian navy. Young men, women and children, crammed into eight dinghies and a boat, were spotted by helicopter half way between Tunisia and Italy.
Yemeni NGO wins Nansen AwardPlay video

Yemeni NGO wins Nansen Award

The Society for Humanitarian Solidarity wins the 2011 Nansen Refugee Award for helping tens of thousands of refugees and migrants who make the treacherous journey to Yemen on smugglers' boats.