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UNHCR returns to Calais to provide migrants, refugees with information

News Stories, 17 June 2009

© Courtesy of IOM/N.Lajili
Local aid workers distribute food to some of the foreigners who have been living in makeshift shelters in the Calais area.

CALAIS, France, June 17 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has been sending staff from its Paris office on a weekly basis to Calais, where hundreds of migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, are living in squalid settlements hoping to cross to the United Kingdom.

UNHCR plans to open a full-time presence from the beginning of July in the northern French port, which it left in 2002 after the authorities closed Sangatte reception centre. UNHCR staff have been staying in Calais for three or four days a week since early June, working with aid partner France Terre d'Asile to inform the people about a wide range of issues.

They explain asylum in France and how to apply for it; organize information sessions with British aid agencies about conditions in the United Kingdom and asylum policies there; and give data on France, Britain and countries through which migrants transit to get here.

"We have come here to help the migrants and asylum seekers to make an informed decision," Francisco Galindo-Velez, UNHCR representative in France, said during a recent visit to Calais, which continues to attract irregular migrants and refugees hoping to reach the UK. He later said this was not just a French problem, but a European and international one.

"They no longer have any link to their country of origin, they need to know what is happening in order to decide their future," added Monique Delannoy, a worker with a local aid agency that helps the uninvited visitors.

Most pay smugglers large sums of money to bring them to Calais, which is separated from the UK by a narrow strip of sea. Ferries criss-cross the English Channel every day and some migrants try to hide on trucks to make the journey from France undetected.

Staff from UNHCR and France Terre d'Asile, together with interpreters, have been visiting the grim makeshift settlements in and around Calais where the migrants live. They mainly come from places like Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq and Somalia, but some are from as far away as Vietnam. Many have had to travel thousands of kilometres to arrive here, literally within sight of their goal.

Most are motivated by economic or family reasons, but a few have fled violence or persecution and their well-being is of direct concern to UNHCR. Many have no idea about the situation back home, or about what they can expect in the UK. "I left my country several months ago, I don't really know what the situation is anymore," Asad, a young Somali, told UNHCR during a food distribution organized by local aid agencies.

There are currently an estimated 800 migrants in the Calais area and about one in five are unaccompanied minors. A further 800 are in other ports on the northern coast. Relations between the foreigners and the people of Calais are tense. If they make it to the UK and are caught, they could face a return to the continent or to their country of origin, unless granted asylum.

By Marie-Ange Lescure in Calais, France




UNHCR country pages

Asylum and Migration

Asylum and Migration

All in the same boat: The challenges of mixed migration around the world.

Braving the cold in Calais

Many boys and young men from places like Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Somalia and the Sudan end up in the northern French port of Calais after a long and dangerous journey. Some have fled their countries to escape persecution, conflict or forced recruitment, others are looking for a better life. Calais has become a transit point where people smugglers have established networks to take these men to other European countries. Their makeshift encampments are regularly cleared by the French police, and they sleep most nights out in the open. They live in fear of being arrested or deported. UNHCR's office in Calais seeks to provide the young men arriving in the city with information about their options and the asylum system in France.

Braving the cold in Calais

Chad Mission Photo Gallery

Chad Mission Photo Gallery

From Paris With Love, Toys for Syrian Children

Every year, the Quai Branly Museum in Paris organizes a collection of toys from schoolchildren in Paris and, with a little help from UNHCR and other key partners, sends them to refugee children who have lost so much.

The beneficiaries this year were scores of Syrian children living in two camps in Turkey, one of the major host countries for the more than 1.4 million Syrians who have fled their country with or without their families. Most of these traumatized young people have lost their own belongings in the rubble of Syria.

Last week, staff from the museum, UNHCR and the Fédération des Associations d'Anciens du Scoutisme gathered up the toys and packed them into 60 boxes. They were then flown to Turkey by Aviation Sans Frontières (Aviation without Borders) and taken to the kindergarten and nursery schools in Nizip-1 and Nizip-2 camps near the city of Gaziantep.

A gift from more fortunate children in the French capital, the toys brought a ray of sunshine into the lives of some young Syrian refugees and reminded them that their peers in the outside world do care.

These images of the toy distribution were taken by photographer Aytac Akad and UNHCR's Selin Unal.

From Paris With Love, Toys for Syrian Children

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On October 20, the number of refugees and migrants arriving in Greece passed the half million mark. Their ultimate destination is northern Europe. The majority will take a route that goes from Greece, to FYR Macedonia and then onward through Serbia. At the border point of Presevo, Serbia they must go through a registration process before being allowed to continue their onward journey.
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Refugees Onward JourneyPlay video

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A transit centre at Vinojug, on FYR Macedonia's border with Greece is where the refugees and migrants pass through on their journey further into Europe. Here UNHCR and partner organisations provide food, water, medical care, psycho-social support and information for refugees who take the train towards the border with Serbia. UNHCR also provides information on how to access the asylum system in the country. In recent weeks, an average of 6,300 refugees pass through the camp every day, yesterday that number grew to 10,000, a record.