UNHCR airlifts emergency relief items for expelled refugees in Angola

News Stories, 3 November 2009

© UNHCR/M.Sanchez
Workers at Luanda's international airport unload UNHCR aid destined for the expelled civilians in northern Angola.

LUANDA, Angola, November 3 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency has airlifted emergency relief items from South Africa to Angola to help alleviate the plight of tens of thousands of Angolans who were expelled from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) last month.

The Boeing 747 from Johannesburg arrived in the Angolan capital of Luanda Saturday evening carrying 2,250 tents, 5,000 sleeping mats and 4,000 blankets, as well as a portable warehouse.

The supplies were released from the UNHCR regional stockpile in Durban in response to a request from the Angolan government. In Luanda, the items were loaded onto aircraft provided by the government of Angola to be sent to northern Angola's Uige and Zaire provinces, bordering the DRC.

Angolan authorities have said the number of Angolans expelled, plus those who came back of their own accord in the wake of the expulsions, now totals 50,000. Most of those expelled had refugee status in the DRC. Many were not able to collect their personal belongings before being forced back to Angola.

They are now living in extremely difficult conditions. In one location visited last week, Kitumu in Uige province, UNHCR staff found some 500 people sleeping without mats or mattresses on the cement floor of an old school building. The returnees' stress is exacerbated because many became separated from family members during the expulsions.

Similarly, UNHCR found that some 30,000 forcibly returned Angolans in the Mbaza Congo area of Zaire province needed shelter, water, medication and food when visited three weeks ago.

"In response to their needs, we gave them blankets and soap from our stocks in Luanda and we are working with other UN agencies in Angola, the International Organization for Migration, the national Red Cross and various NGOs to provide them further emergency relief," a spokesperson said.

Before the expulsions, UNHCR was already helping prepare the return of those Angolans who wished to go home. UNHCR now looks forward to working with the Angolan and DRC governments to arrange a safe and dignified repatriation of Angolan refugees to their homeland. At the end of September, there were still 111,000 refugees registered in DRC and a further 40,000 in Zambia, South Africa, the Republic of Congo and Namibia.

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UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

As a massive food distribution gets underway in six UNHCR-run camps for tens of thousands of internally displaced Congolese in North Kivu, the UN refugee agency continues to hand out desperately needed shelter and household items.

A four-truck UNHCR convoy carrying 33 tonnes of various aid items, including plastic sheeting, blankets, kitchen sets and jerry cans crossed Wednesday from Rwanda into Goma, the capital of the conflict-hit province in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The aid, from regional emergency stockpiles in Tanzania, was scheduled for immediate distribution. The supplies arrived in Goma as the World Food Programme (WFP), with assistance from UNHCR, began distributing food to some 135,000 displaced people in the six camps run by the refugee agency near Goma.

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UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

Since 2006, renewed conflict and general insecurity in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo's North Kivu province has forced some 400,000 people to flee their homes – the country's worst displacement crisis since the formal end of the civil war in 2003. In total, there are now some 800,000 people displaced in the province, including those uprooted by previous conflicts.

Hope for the future was raised in January 2008 when the DRC government and rival armed factions signed a peace accord. But the situation remains tense in North Kivu and tens of thousands of people still need help. UNHCR has opened sites for internally displaced people (IDPs) and distributed assistance such as blankets, plastic sheets, soap, jerry cans, firewood and other items to the four camps in the region. Relief items have also been delivered to some of the makeshift sites that have sprung up.

UNHCR staff have been engaged in protection monitoring to identify human rights abuses and other problems faced by IDPs and other populations at risk across North Kivu.

UNHCR's ninemillion campaign aims to provide a healthy and safe learning environment for nine million refugee children by 2010.

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UNHCR/Partners Bring Aid to North Kivu

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