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In northern Ecuador, mobile teams bring rights to Colombian refugees

News Stories, 18 February 2010

© UNHCR/S.Aguilar
A Colombian refugee in northern Ecuador shows his new refugee visa. In the province of Sucumbios, mobile government registration teams are completing an asylum process that used to take months in a single day.

NUEVO LOJA, Ecuador, February 18 (UNHCR) Four years after arriving in Ecuador after fleeing her home in neighbouring Colombia, Mariela is feeling more optimistic about the future as the result of a pioneering government programme that has dramatically simplified the process of being recognized as a refugee.

The Enhanced Registration project is run by the government of Ecuador and supported financially and technically by UNHCR. Unique in Latin America, the programme sends teams into remote areas of the country where they interview Colombia asylum-seekers, often making a decision on their refugee status on the same day and then issuing refugee visas.

For 47 year-old Mariela, the refugee visa brings with it a legal status, and the rights that go with it, that she had lacked previously. Married for 18 years to an abusive husband, she now feels able to approach local authorities seeking protection.

"I work from 4 am until 9 pm However, I don't have anything," she said. "My husband handles my money, he handles me. But I would love having something of my own. I wish I could learn something, that's what I want. Before, as I didn't have the visa, I was scared."

Over the past four months, members of so-called enhanced registrations brigades have issued some 11,000 refugee visas to Colombians living in a remote part of northern Ecuador bordering Colombia. The teams carry out interviews, registration and determine refugee eligibility all in a single day. Previously, navigating the regular asylum process could take years.

The project has been underway since July 2009 and has reached thousands of people in need of international protection. Before their contact with the registration brigades most of the asylum-seekers had lived on the margins, lacking a formally recognized refugee status and unable to adequately access public services. In the northern province of Sucumbios, just 5,000 Colombian asylum-seekers were issued refugee visas between 2000 and 2008, a figure the registration brigades have surpassed in a matter of months.

The brigades' successes are due to their ability to reach isolated communities in a region often lacking basic infrastructure such as paved roads and running water and their speed in determining refugee status and issuing the crucial visas.

As was the case with Mariela, asylum claims previously could drag on for months or years due to a lack of resources and the remoteness of the areas where the asylum-seekers live.

Together with her husband and two sons, Mariela fled her home in Huila, a department of Colombia, when an armed group killed their landlord and then threatened the family. After traveling for a week by bus, the family entered Ecuador where the long, slow process of being recognized as a refugee began.

Despite the refugee visas and a legal framework that is more sensitive to the needs of refugees, obstacles remain. Many refugees continue to face difficulties accessing public services due to bureaucracy and lingering prejudices. Deborah Elizondo, UNHCR's Representative in Ecuador, says the challenge now is to build on the success of the mobile registration programme by ensuring refugees and asylum-seekers have effective access to their rights and the protection afforded by the State.

"Thanks to the political will of the Ecuadorian State, protection has been extended to people that remained invisible in the northern border. Undoubtedly, this is a powerful protection tool," says Elizondo. "In 2010, the challenge will be to encourage people to effectively exercise their rights. There will not be immediate solutions, but we will support the efforts of the Ecuadorian government to identify durable solutions".

By Sonia Aguilar in Nueva Loja

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Zero-Star "Hotel" that Asylum-Seekers Call Home in Dijon

France is one of the main destinations for asylum-seekers in Europe, with some 55,000 new asylum applications in 2012. As a result of the growing number of applicants, many French cities are facing an acute shortage of accommodation for asylum-seekers.

The government is trying to address the problem and, in February 2013, announced the creation of 4,000 additional places in state-run reception centres for asylum-seekers. But many asylum-seekers are still forced to sleep rough or to occupy empty buildings. One such building, dubbed the "Refugee Hotel" by its transient population, lies on the outskirts of the eastern city of Dijon. It illustrates the critical accommodation situation.

The former meat-packing plant is home to about 100 asylum-seekers, mostly from Chad, Mali and Somalia, but also from Georgia, Kosovo and other Eastern European countries. Most are single men, but there are also two families.

In this dank, rat-infested empty building, the pipes leak and the electricity supply is sporadic. There is only one lavatory, two taps with running water, no bathing facilities and no kitchen. The asylum-seekers sleep in the former cold-storage rooms. The authorities have tried to close the squat several times. These images, taken by British photographer Jason Tanner, show the desperate state of the building and depict the people who call it home.

Zero-Star "Hotel" that Asylum-Seekers Call Home in Dijon

Colombia: Life in the Barrios

After more than forty years of internal armed conflict, Colombia has one of the largest populations of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world. Well over two million people have been forced to flee their homes; many of them have left remote rural areas to take refuge in the relative safety of the cities.

Displaced families often end up living in slum areas on the outskirts of the big cities, where they lack even the most basic services. Just outside Bogota, tens of thousands of displaced people live in the shantytowns of Altos de Cazuca and Altos de Florida, with little access to health, education or decent housing. Security is a problem too, with irregular armed groups and gangs controlling the shantytowns, often targeting young people.

UNHCR is working with the authorities in ten locations across Colombia to ensure that the rights of internally displaced people are fully respected – including the rights to basic services, health and education, as well as security.

Colombia: Life in the Barrios

Indigenous people in Colombia

There are about a million indigenous people in Colombia. They belong to 80 different groups and make up one of the world's most diverse indigenous heritages. But the internal armed conflict is taking its toll on them.

Like many Colombians, indigenous people often have no choice but to flee their lands to escape violence. Forced displacement is especially tragic for them because they have extremely strong links to their ancestral lands. Often their economic, social and cultural survival depends on keeping these links alive.

According to Colombia's national indigenous association ONIC, 18 of the smaller groups are at risk of disappearing. UNHCR is working with them to support their struggle to stay on their territories or to rebuild their lives when they are forced to flee.

UNHCR also assists indigenous refugees in neighbouring countries like Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil. UNHCR is developing a regional strategy to better address the specific needs of indigenous people during exile.

Indigenous people in Colombia

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