UNHCR welcomes Tanzania's decision to naturalize tens of thousands of Burundian refugees

News Stories, 16 April 2010

© UNHCR/E.Wolfcarius
Burundian women at Katumba settlement cheer after hearing that they will become Tanzanian citizens.

KATUMBA, Tanzania, April 15 UN High Commissioner for Refugee António Guterres has lauded Tanzania's landmark decision to grant citizenship to tens of thousands of Burundian refugees who fled to Tanzania in 1972.

During a visit by Guterres on Thursday to the Katumba ward in the south-west of the country, Tanzania's Home Affairs Minister Lawrence Masha told a gathering of so-called "1972 Burundian refugees" that the government had completed a naturalization exercise which began in 2008 and granted citizenship to 162,000 refugees. A further 53,600 of the 1972 Burundians opted to repatriate in 2008 and 2009 with help from UNHCR.

"Let me be the first person to welcome you as Tanzanians and not refugees," said Masha, who also posted the first formal notification list of Burundian refugees who were being granted citizenship.

Katumba was one of the three so-called "old settlements" inhabited by the 1972 Burundians. Similar notifications were simultaneously released in the two other settlements of Mishamo and Ulyankulu by senior Tanzanian immigration officials. The naturalized Burundians will now live among the general population.

Guterres praised the Tanzanian government for its "unprecedented generosity and courageous decision" to finding lasting solutions for these Burundian refugees. This is the first time that any state has naturalized such a large group of refugees under the protection of UNHCR in a single move.

"This is a historic moment and the best possible solution to these people and we are extremely happy", Guterres said, while expressing his "deep gratitude and appreciation" to the people and leadership of Tanzania.

The High Commissioner and Masha received a warm welcome in Katumba, where hundreds of people had gathered. The grateful and elated Burundians gave colourful performances of song and acrobatic dance for the visitors.

Festo Crispin, a representative for the refugees, thanked the government and pledged "that we shall be exemplary citizens," while adding that "we will continue to need your guidance and support until we are able to stand on our own."

The High Commissioner called on the international community to recognize Tanzania's generous gesture and appealed to donors to respond positively to ensure that the process of integrating its new nationals is successful. He urged other countries with long-standing refugee populations to follow Tanzania's example.

On Wednesday, Guterres toured the Nyarugusu camp in Kasulu, which is home to some 60,000 Congolese refugees who fled the conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in the 1990s. He also witnessed a registration of a group of 1972 Burundian refugees who have settled in and around the town of Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika. The government has agreed to consider them for naturalization.

In the Tanzanian capital, Dar es Salaam, the High Commissioner met with Prime Minister Peter Pinda, who assured him of his government's commitment to integrate the naturalized Burundians into Tanzanian society.

Home Affairs Minister Masha had on Tuesday handed over the first naturalization certificates to three Burundian students, including Fidelitha Momenye, a final-year sociology student at the University of Dar es Salaam. The 25-year-old said it was an honour and privilege to be the first Burundian refugee from the old settlements to become a Tanzanian citizen.

"It's a milestone in my life which will open new opportunities," said Momenye. "I was born here, educated here, taught by Tanzanian teachers and helped by many Tanzanians all my life, I am ready to use my knowledge for the benefit of my country and community," she pledged.

Masha warmly welcomed the new nationals. "Effectively they have all the rights of every Tanzanian. They are free to go anywhere and enjoy the full benefits of citizenship. They are free to seek employment anywhere and free to continue life as normal Tanzanians," he stressed.

During his visit to Katumba, the High Commissioner talked to some of the families who have just been naturalized. Boas Yohana Majuto, a 52-year-old farmer who fled to Katumba in 1972 with his parents, told Guterres. "It is a unique and extraordinary feeling . . . I will be free to go anywhere in Tanzania and free to do whatever I want."

By Yusuf Hassan in Katumba, Tanzania




The High Commissioner

Filippo Grandi, who took office on January 1 2016, is the UN refugee agency's 11th High Commissioner.

Finding a Home on Ancestral Land

Somali Bantu refugees gaining citizenship in Tanzania

The Nansen Refugee Award 2005

Burundian humanitarian worker Maggy Barankitse received the 2005 Nansen Refugee Award for her tireless work on behalf of children affected by war, poverty and disease. The Nansen medal was presented at a grand ceremony in Brussels by H.R.H. Princess Mathilde of Belgium and UN Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees Wendy Chamberlin.

Accepting the award, Barankitse said her work was inspired by one single goal: peace. "Accept your fellow man, sit down together, make this world a world of brothers and sisters," she said. "Nothing resists love, that's the message that I want to spread."

Sponsored by UNHCR corporate partner Microsoft, the ceremony and reception at Concert Noble was also attended by Belgium's Minister for Development Co-operation Armand De Decker, European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid Louis Michel, renowned Burundian singer Khadja Nin, Congolese refugee and comedian Pie Tshibanda, and French singer and UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Julien Clerc. Among others.

The Nansen Refugee Award 2005

A fresh start; Burundian former refugees begin a new chapter in their lives

Since the end of October more than 26,000 Burundian former refugees have been assisted by UNHCR and its partners to return home from the Mtabila camp in northwest Tanzania. The operation is organized with the Government of Tanzania to help some 35,500 Burundian former refugees go back to Burundi by the end of 2012, when the Mtabila camp officially closes.

Refugee status for most Burundians in Tanzania formally ended in August following individual interviews to assess remaining protection needs. A total of 2,715 people will continue to be hosted as refugees in Tanzania, while the rest, the last of a population of refugees who left Burundi some 20 years ago, must return home. This is not an easy move after having spent most of your life -- and sometimes all of it -- in exile.

While awaiting their turn to join one of the daily convoys to bring them home, Burundian former refugees are preparing themselves for a fresh start…

A fresh start; Burundian former refugees begin a new chapter in their lives

Photo Gallery: The Challenge of Forced Displacement in Africa

Africa is the continent most affected by the tragedy of forced displacement. While millions of refugees were able to return to Angola, Burundi, Liberia, Rwanda and South Sudan over the last 15 years, the numbers of internally displaced people continued to grow. At the beginning of 2009, in addition to some 2.3 million refugees, an estimated 11.6 million people were internally displaced by conflict in Africa.

To address forced displacement on the continent, the African Union is organizing a special summit on refugees, returnees and internally displaced people from October 19-23 in the Ugandan capital, Kampala. Heads of state and government will look at the challenges and at ways to find solutions to forced displacement. They are also expected to adopt a Convention for the protection and assistance of internally displaced people (IDP) in Africa, which would be the first legally binding instrument on internal displacement with a continental scope. This photo gallery looks at some of the forcibly displaced around Africa, many of whom are helped by UNHCR.

Photo Gallery: The Challenge of Forced Displacement in Africa

Hopes, fears and the way forwardPlay video

Hopes, fears and the way forward

António Guterres, who served as UN High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015, reflects on the dramatic acceleration of displacement around the world and calls for a surge in diplomacy for peace in an interview with his chief spokesperson, Melissa Fleming.
Tanzania: Fleeing Burundi, Refugees Seek SafetyPlay video

Tanzania: Fleeing Burundi, Refugees Seek Safety

He used to fix broken bicycles in Burundi, but as political troubles and killings mounted Nestor Kamza decided to flee. In search of safety he and his family walked non-stop for 24-hours until they reached Tanzania. His family is among more than 100,000 people who have fled from political violence in Burundi and arrived in the Nyarugusu camp which has almost tripled in size. To alleviate overcrowding in the camp, UNHCR and its partners have planned to open three new camps and have started moving tens of thousands of Burundian refugees to a new, less congested, home
High Commissioner Guterres Remarks on the resettlement of Refugees from Bhutan in NepalPlay video

High Commissioner Guterres Remarks on the resettlement of Refugees from Bhutan in Nepal

The UN refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) marked a major milestone: the resettlement of over 100,000 refugees from Bhutan in Nepal to third countries since the launch of the programme in 2007.