UNHCR ends Congolese returns from Zambia, reopens Burundi axis

Briefing Notes, 29 October 2010

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards to whom quoted text may be attributed at the press briefing, on 29 October 2010, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UNHCR is this week closing the last remaining camps for Congolese refugees in Zambia following the departure on Wednesday of the final repatriation convoy for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The closure of the two camps, Kala and Mwange, is a landmark for us in that it marks the end of our Congolese voluntary repatriation programme from Zambia. Repatriations of Congolese refugees from all other neighbouring countries are continuing

Wednesday's convoy left Kala camp carrying 131 refugees, the last of 47,000 we have helped to return to DRC over the past four years. Most of those on board were headed for Katanga province in southwestern DRC, where UNHCR and its partners implement projects helping reintegration, mainly through skills-training and the provision of micro-credit schemes. The last convoy from Mwange camp left a month ago.

The returnees spent their first day in a reception centre where they received mine awareness training, information about HIV/AIDS and where necessary medical assistance. Before leaving to their villages they are being provided with food, a construction kit for rehabilitation of homes, blankets, soap, kitchen sets and other household items. Later, they will receive seeds and farming tools to support their livelihoods.

Some 2,000 other refugees, who did not want to return, have been transferred to the Meheba settlement in Zambia's northwest. Unlike Kala and Mwange camps, Meheba has a lot more land, allowing refugees to grow crops and become self-reliant. UNHCR will facilitate the repatriation of those who eventually opt to return to the DRC on an individual basis. The 15,000 people presently living at the Meheba settlement come from Angola, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Somalia and Uganda.

UNHCR will now hand over to the Zambian authorities the facilities at Kala and Mwange the office buildings, staff accommodation, guesthouses, schools, clinics, and water points. These facilities, which are worth some US$ 800,000, will continue to be of service to the Zambian authorities and the local population. Local communities have for some time been able to access social services and health care provided by clinics in the two camps. In addition to setting up water systems in the camps, UNHCR sank boreholes in villages surrounding Mwange and Kala camps to help the local Zambian population.

Civil war in the DRC left more than five million dead and forced millions into displacement between 1998 and 2004. Of those Congolese who became refugees in surrounding countries, tens of thousands found shelter in Zambia. At the height of the crisis in 2004 Zambia hosted some 66,000 Congolese refugees in five camps.

In another country that has hosted Congolese, Burundi, UNHCR yesterday resumed organized repatriations after a more than three-year suspension. The returns were halted in mid-2007 because of fighting in DRC's South Kivu province. Yesterday's convoy carried 173 people from Gasorwe camp in northern Burundi

Upon return they receive three months food rations, blankets, shelter materials, kitchen sets and other household items, mosquito nets, seeds and tools. The operation is closely coordinated with the Congolese government's Programme for Stabilisation and Reconstruction.

We are scheduling weekly repatriation convoys from Burundi to South Kivu, each returning some 200 refugees. Before the end of the year, we hope to facilitate the return of some 2,000 Congolese refugees from Burundi and another 10,000 during 2011. In total there are some 40,000 Congolese refugees and asylum seekers in Burundi, living in three camps and in the capital Bujumbura. Most are from DRC's Uvira, Fizi, Rusizi plain and Mid-Plateux in South Kivu.

Overall, 212,000 Congolese nationals have returned home from surrounding countries since 2004, however some 430,000 remain as refugees, mostly in the Republic of Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi.




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Edwige Deals With Loss by Keeping Busy and Aiding Others in Mole Camp

Edwige Kpomako is a woman in a hurry; but her energy also helps the refugee from Central African Republic (CAR) to cope with the tragedy that forced her to flee to northern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) last year. Before violence returned to her country in 2012, the 25-year-old was studying for a Masters in American literature in Bangui, and looking forward to the future. "I started my thesis on the works of Arthur Miller, but because of the situation in CAR . . . ," she said, her voice trailing off. Instead, she had to rush to the DRC with a younger brother, but her fiancée and 10-year old son were killed in the inter-communal violence in CAR.

After crossing the Oubangui River to the DRC, Edwige was transferred to Mole, a camp housing more than 13,000 refugees. In a bid to move on with her life and keep busy, she started to help others, assume a leadership role and take part in communal activities, including the Brazilian martial art of capoeira. She heads the women's committee, is engaged in efforts to combat sexual violence, and acts as a liaison officer at the health centre. She also teaches and runs a small business selling face creams. "I discovered that I'm not weak," said Edwige, who remains optimistic. She is sure that her country will come out of its nightmare and rebuild, and that she will one day become a human rights lawyer helping refugees.

American photojournalist Brian Sokol took these photos.

Edwige Deals With Loss by Keeping Busy and Aiding Others in Mole Camp

Batalimo to Batanga and Beyond: Congolese Return Home from CAR

Over the past month, almost 6,300 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have left the Batalimo camp in the troubled Central African Republic and returned voluntarily to their homes in Equateur province. Their decision to go back is a further sign of the gravity of the situation in Central African Republic, where escalated violence since December has left hundreds of thousands internally displaced and forced almost 350,000 to flee to neighbouring countries. The refugees at Batalimo were among some 20,000 Congolese who had fled to the Central African Republic to escape inter-ethnic conflict back home. The return operation from Batalimo had been postponed several times for security and logistical reasons, but on April 10 the first convoy headed across the Oubangui River. The last arrived in the DRC on May 10. The UN refugee agency organized transportation of the refugees from Batalimo to the Central African Republic riverside town of Zinga, where they boarded boats for the crossing to Batanga or Libenge in Equateur province. In Batanga, the returnees were registered, provided with documentation and given a cash grant to help them reintegrate. They were then transported to their villages, where they will be monitored. Photographer Leonora Baumann followed one group back to the DRC.

Batalimo to Batanga and Beyond: Congolese Return Home from CAR

2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres presented Sister Angélique Namaika of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) with the prestigious Nansen Refugee Award at a gala ceremony in Geneva on Monday night.

Sister Angélique, through her Centre for Reintegration and Development, has helped transform the lives of more than 2,000 women and girls who had been forced from their homes and abused by fighters of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) or other armed groups. Many of those she helps suffered abduction, forced labour, beatings, murder, rape or other human rights abuses.

The Roman Catholic nun helps survivors to heal by offering them the chance to learn a trade, start a small business or go to school. Testimonies from these women show the remarkable effect she has had on helping turn around their lives, with many affectionately calling her "mother."

The Award ceremony featured a keynote speech from best-selling author Paulo Coelho and musical performances by singer-songwriter Dido, Malaysian singer-songwriter Yuna and Grammy-nominated Malian musicians, Amadou and Mariam.

2013 UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award

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