Organized returns start for displaced Chadians in east

Briefing Notes, 27 May 2011

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming to whom quoted text may be attributed at the press briefing, on 27 May 2011, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

In eastern Chad, UNHCR has started helping internally displaced people (IDPs) return to their villages amid improved security in the region. Since Saturday, we have organized return convoys carrying over 500 passengers. One left this morning.

The movements are taking place within eastern Chad's Dar Sila and Assoungha regions (namely, in the Koukou and Farchana areas) that border the West Darfur region of Sudan. Most of the IDPs fled inter-ethnic fighting in 2005 and 2006, when conflict spilled over from the still troubled Darfur region. Entire communities had their villages burnt and their land and crops destroyed.

So far, more than 14,000 of the 130,000 displaced Chadians in the two regions have signed up for return. As more continue to register, we are planning to organize convoys every other day. Some 50,000 spontaneous returns have already taken place since last year as villagers went home on their own.

The lack of socio-economic conditions for reintegration is the main obstacle to large-scale returns. Some of the IDPs say they are still hesitant and prefer to remain where they are or to relocate to other areas. In some areas deemed "not conducive for return", UNHCR is not organizing convoys but some spontaneous returns continue, with IDPs renting trucks that take them to their villages. UNHCR will support them with the same assistance package including household goods.

The signing of a normalization agreement between Chad and Sudan in January 2010 and the subsequent deployment of the Chad-Sudan joint force two months later have considerably improved security along the Chad-Sudan border where there used to be frequent rebel activities, acts of banditry and attacks against civilians.

UNHCR is also undertaking longer-term interventions in villages along the main roads where most returns take place. This includes the construction of shelter, conflict resolution initiatives, promotion of human rights and protection monitoring.

For further information on this topic, please contact:

  • In N'djamena, Chad: Delphine Marie +235 66 38 51 95
  • In Geneva: Fatoumata Lejeune-Kaba on mobile +41 79 249 3483
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Darfuri Refugees in Chad: No end in Sight

More than six years after the beginning of the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region, more than a quarter-of-a-million refugees remain displaced in neighbouring Chad. Most of the refugees are women and children and many are still traumatized after fleeing across the border after losing almost everything in land and air raids on their villages.

Families saw their villages being burned, their relatives being killed and their livestock being stolen. Women and girls have been victims of rape, abuse and humiliation, and many have been ostracized by their own communities as a result.

The bulk of the refugees live in 12 camps run by UNHCR in the arid reaches of eastern Chad, where natural resources such as water and firewood are scarce. They have been able to resume their lives in relative peace, but all hope one day to return to Darfur, where hundreds of thousands of their compatriots are internally displaced.

In eastern Chad, UNHCR and other agencies are helping to take care of 180,000 internally displaced Chadians, who fled inter-ethnic clashes in 2006-2007. Some families are starting to return to their villages of origin only now.

Darfuri Refugees in Chad: No end in Sight

Chad's other refugee crisis

While attention focuses on the Darfuris in eastern Chad, another refugee crisis unfolds in southern Chad.

A second refugee crisis has been quietly unfolding in the south of Chad for the past few years, getting little attention from the media and the international community. Some 60,000 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) are hosted there in five camps and receive regular assistance from UNHCR. But funding for aid and reintegration projects remains low. Refugees have been fleeing fighting between rebel groups and governmental forces in northern CAR. 17,000 new refugees have arrived from northern CAR to south-eastern Chad since the beginning of 2009.

Chad's other refugee crisis

Crisis in the Central African Republic

Little has been reported about the humanitarian crisis in the northern part of the Central African Republic (CAR), where at least 295,000 people have been forced out of their homes since mid-2005. An estimated 197,000 are internally displaced, while 98,000 have fled to Chad, Cameroon or Sudan. They are the victims of fighting between rebel groups and government forces.

Many of the internally displaced live in the bush close to their villages. They build shelters from hay, grow vegetables and even start bush schools for their children. But access to clean water and health care remains a huge problem. Many children suffer from diarrhoea and malaria but their parents are too scared to take them to hospitals or clinics for treatment.

Cattle herders in northern CAR are menaced by the zaraguina, bandits who kidnap children for ransom. The villagers must sell off their livestock to pay.

Posted on 21 February 2008

Crisis in the Central African Republic

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