UNHCR boosts aid delivery inside Somalia

News Stories, 19 July 2011

© UNHCR/R.Gangale
An extended family of 18 people arrives in Galkayo after fleeing the drought in Buale in south-central Somalia. It took them six days to come by bus.

GENEVA, July 19 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency is increasing the delivery of emergency aid in Somalia's south and west while tracking the movement of people into neighbouring countries in order to improve assistance.

Working with local partners, UNHCR has distributed aid packages to some 90,000 people in Mogadishu and Belet Hawa and Dobley in south-west Somalia. These packages consist of plastic sheets, blankets, kitchen sets and jerry cans, among other items.

Starting Tuesday, more relief items will be distributed to an estimated 126,000 people in other parts of the Gedo and Lower Juba regions. Assistance also on its way to Mogadishu and the Afgooye corridor, as well as further south-west in Lower Shabelle.

Twenty years of conflict has brought lawlessness and anarchy to large parts of Somalia, especially the south-central areas.

"Currently, the situation for humanitarian workers in Somalia is far from ideal," said UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards at a news briefing in Geneva on Tuesday. "We need better access and assurances that the humanitarian character of our work is respected."

Negotiations over humanitarian access in Somalia are being done collectively by the United Nations, said Raouf Mazou, Deputy Director of UNHCR's desk for East and Horn of Africa, Chad and Sudan. "Some assurances have been given but they have to be tested," he said.

Continuing violence, compounded by natural disasters and waves of drought, has displaced more than a quarter of Somalia's population of 7.5 million. Over 160,000 Somalis have fled into neighbouring Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya so far this year, while nearly 1.5 million people have been uprooted within Somalia.

Tukaay Siyaadow Isaak, aged 47 and a mother of eight children, fled Baidoia in central Somalia and travelled 20 days to reach Galkayo further north. The family has now settled in Bulo Kontrol settlement for internally displaced people.

"We decided to move when all our livestock died with the drought. We came here because we needed to survive. The journey was long and terrible. We had to depend on well-wishers to survive," she said. "Some went to Dadaab [in Kenya] while others went to other places in Somalia. I chose to come here because Dadaab isn't my home country. Even then, I don't know anyone here. I'm totally confused. I don't know what will happen."

Somalis who crossed into neighbouring countries are being accommodated in overcrowded refugee camps.

Dr Paul Spiegel, who heads the Public Health and HIV section at UNHCR, was recently in the border area of Dolo Ado in Ethiopia. He told Geneva-based journalists that the recent arrivals in Kobe camp are in very bad state. "In June, the camp saw 7.4 deaths in every 10,000 people per day, or about 15 times the normal baseline rate in sub-Saharan Africa." More than half of the camp's population is acutely malnourished.

In June, the [Kobe] camp saw 7.4 deaths in every 10,000 people per day, or about 15 times the normal baseline rate in sub-Saharan Africa.

Dr Paul Spiegel
UNHCR Public Health and HIV section

Dr Spiegel added that health conditions have improved in July, "possibly because the refugees are leaving earlier and not waiting until the last possible moment", and due to blanket feeding and a focus on treating the most vulnerable malnourished children under the age of five years. Other challenges in the Dolo Ado area include a severe shortage of water and latrines for the large numbers of new refugees.

In the meantime, UNHCR is strengthening its mechanisms for tracking population movement and protection monitoring in the corridors leading to the Dolo Ado and Dadaab refugee camps in Ethiopia and Kenya respectively. It is hoped that shorter interval reporting will allow UNHCR and other aid agencies to inform emergency interventions.

"Given the very serious health state of many refugees arriving at camps in neighbouring countries, UNHCR believes it is of life-saving importance that people in Somalia are able to get help where they are," said Edwards. "This may, in certain circumstances, mitigate the necessity to cross borders into neighbouring countries, where refugee camps are already bursting at the seams. We continue to look at all means to step up our efforts further inside Somalia."




UNHCR country pages

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Bonga camp is located in the troubled Gambella region of western Ethiopia. But it remains untouched by the ethnic conflicts that have torn nearby Gambella town and Fugnido camp in the last year.

For Bonga's 17,000 Sudanese refugees, life goes on despite rumblings in the region. Refugee children continue with school and play while their parents make ends meet by supplementing UNHCR assistance with self-reliance projects.

Cultural life is not forgotten, with tribal ceremonies by the Uduk majority. Other ethnic communities – Shuluks, Nubas and Equatorians – are welcome too, judging by how well hundreds of newcomers have settled in after their transfer from Fugnido camp in late 2002.

Bonga Camp, Ethiopia

Crossing the Gulf of Aden

Every year thousands of people in the Horn of Africa - mainly Somalis and Ethiopians - leave their homes out of fear or pure despair, in search of safety or a better life. They make their way over dangerous Somali roads to Bossaso in the northern semi-autonomous region of Puntland.

In this lawless area, smuggler networks have free reign and innocent and desperate civilians pay up to US$150 to make the perilous trip across the Gulf of Aden.

Some stay weeks on end in safe houses or temporary homes in Bossaso before they can depart. A sudden call and a departure in the middle of the night, crammed in small unstable boats. At sea, anything can happen to them - they are at the whim of smugglers. Some people get beaten, stabbed, killed and thrown overboard. Others drown before arriving on the beaches of Yemen, which have become the burial ground for hundreds who many of those who died en route.

Crossing the Gulf of Aden


In February 2005, one of the last groups of Somalilander refugees to leave Aisha refugee camp in eastern Ethiopia boarded a UNHCR convoy and headed home to Harrirad in North-west Somalia - the self-declared independent state of Somaliland. Two years ago Harrirad was a tiny, sleepy village with only 67 buildings, but today more than 1,000 people live there, nearly all of whom are former refugees rebuilding their lives.

As the refugees flow back into Somalia, UNHCR plans to close Aisha camp by the middle of the year. The few remaining refugees in Aisha - who come from southern Somalia - will most likely be moved to the last eastern camp, Kebribeyah, already home to more than 10,000 refugees who cannot go home to Mogadishu and other areas in southern Somalia because of continuing lawlessness there. So far refugees have been returning to only two areas of the country - Somaliland and Puntland in the north-east.


Ethiopia: Education, A Refugee's Call to ServePlay video

Ethiopia: Education, A Refugee's Call to Serve

War forced Lim Bol Thong to flee South Sudan, putting his dreams of becoming a doctor on hold. As a refugee in the Kule camp in Gambella, Ethiopia, he has found another way to serve. Just 21 years old, Lim started teaching chemistry at the school's primary school and last year was promoted to Vice Principal.
Return to SomaliaPlay video

Return to Somalia

Ali and his family are ready to return to Somalia after living in Dadaab refugee camp for the past five years. We follow their journey from packing up their home in the camp to settling into their new life back in Somalia.
Kenya: High Commissioner Visits Dadaab Refugee CampPlay video

Kenya: High Commissioner Visits Dadaab Refugee Camp

Last week the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres completed a visit to Kenya and Somalia where he met with the Presidents of the two countries, as well as Somali refugees and returnees.