UNHCR stepping up aid as influx from Mali to neighboring countries doubles

Briefing Notes, 17 February 2012

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Melissa Fleming to whom quoted text may be attributed at the press briefing, on 17 February 2012, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

The number of people fleeing violence in northern Mali to seek refuge in neighboring countries has doubled over the past ten days as fighting between Tuareg rebels and the Malian army continues.

Over 44,000 people fled across the borders into Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso, according to respective government registration figures compared to 22,000 recorded on 7 February.

Conflict is reported to have taken place these past days in Tessalit, in the Kidal region of Mali, as well as in Tinezewadern at the border with Algeria, which might prompt additional people to flee Mali to neighboring countries.

As the influx continues, our teams are stepping up assistance for refugees who have taken refuge in makeshift shelters in villages bordering Mali. Humanitarian assistance is all the more critical because the Sahel region is facing a severe food crisis due to several years of drought.

In Mauritania authorities have so far registered a total of 18,312 Malian refugees, including 2,213 who arrived over the past two days. The majority of the new arrivals are from the region of Léré in Mali. The rest come from further areas between Léré, Mopti and Timbuktu. They are settled in the village of Fassala located three km from Léré.

Our emergency team in Mauritania is coordinating the distribution of food and other critical aid to 5,000 refugees and we are working to reach others in need. UNHCR has purchased the equivalent of a 15 day food ration for an additional 8,000 refugees. We are also trucking water to the refugee hosting areas and transporting emergency medical supplies provided by partners.

Beginning today, our teams will be working to revamp the Mbéra camp which hosted Tuareg refugees in the 1990's. The site still has several water points and structures that we will renovate to be used as schools and health centers.

Meanwhile in Niger, two charter flights landed last night in the capital Niamey, with 2,500 tents from our stockpile in Douala, Cameroon, 500 of which will be transported on to Burkina Faso. Trucks with relief assistance are expected to arrive in Niamey and Ouagadougou from our stockpile in Accra, Ghana.

According to governmental estimates, there are now 18,000 people who have crossed from Mali over to northern Niger in the past four weeks. This figure includes some Niger nationals who had been living and working in Mali for years and returned to Niger due to the security situation. Refugees here are telling our teams that they are also leaving because the authorities and police have abandoned their villages and they feel unsafe. Some reported attacks by bandits who stole their possessions and cattle.

In Burkina Faso, over 8,000 people have crossed the border from Mali and are staying mainly in makeshift camps in the north of the country as well as with host families or rented accommodations in Ouagadougou.

Fighting between the Tuareg liberation movement MNLA (Mouvement National de Liberation de l'Azawad) and governmental forces resumed on 17 January in Mali, breaking a 2009 agreement that had officially ended the Tuareg rebellion.

For further information on this topic, please contact:

  • In Niger (on mission): Hélène Caux on mobile +227 92 37 31 57
  • In Mauritania: Elise Villechalane on mobile +222 22 68 55 51
  • In Geneva: Sybella Wilkes on mobile +41 79 557 9138
  • In Geneva: Fatoumata Lejeune-Kaba on mobile +41 79 249 3483



UNHCR country pages

Internally Displaced People

The internally displaced seek safety in other parts of their country, where they need help.

Mali Crisis: Urgent Appeal

More than 300,000 Malians have been forced to abandon homes in the hope of finding safety. Help us protect them.

Donate to this crisis

Related Internet Links

UNHCR is not responsible for the content and availability of external internet sites

Malian refugees flee for safety to Niger

Thousands of Malian families have arrived in Niger since mid-January, fleeing fighting between a rebel Tuareg movement and Malian government forces in northern Mali. Refugees are living in makeshift settlements along the border, exposed to the sun and wind by day, and cold at night. UNHCR has started distributing relief assistance and is planning to open camps in safer areas further away from the border. UNHCR's Helene Caux met with some the refugees who all expressed their desire to return to their country once peace prevails.

Malian refugees flee for safety to Niger

Malians still fleeing to Niger

Malian refugees continue to arrive in Niger, fleeing fighting and general insecurity and political instability in their country. At the Mangaizé refugee site in northern Niger, some 3,000 refugees live in difficult conditions, bearing soaring temperatures during the day and wondering when they will be able to return home. The scarce water and food resources in the arid Sahel country also present a huge challenge for the refugees and local communities. More than 40,000 Malians have found refuge in Niger since January, when fighting erupted between a rebel Tuareg movement and Malian government forces. More than 160,000 Malians have arrived in Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania, while 133,000 are displaced within their country. High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres visited Niger, including Mangaizé, in early May with World Food Programme Executive Director Ertharin Cousin to help focus world attention on the crisis and to seek help for the displaced.

Malians still fleeing to Niger

Barbara Hendricks visits Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

UNHCR Honorary Lifetime Goodwill Ambassador Barbara Hendricks met with Malian refugees in Damba Camp on July 6, 2012, in northern Burkina Faso. The acclaimed soprano is using the visit to highlight the plight of tens of thousands of refugees who have fled from conflict in their country this year and are living in camps or settlements in neighbouring countries. As of early July, more than 198,000 Malians had fled to Mauritania (88,825), Burkina Faso (65,009) and Niger (44,987). At least 160,000 were estimated to be displaced within Mali, most in the north.

Barbara Hendricks visits Malian refugees in Burkina Faso

Niger: Flight from Nigeria
Play video

Niger: Flight from Nigeria

People escaping the fighting between the Nigerian army and Boko Haram rebels get a friendly welcome in Niger.
Mauritania: Mali Elections In Mauritania Play video

Mauritania: Mali Elections In Mauritania

Hundreds of Malian refugees voted in exile at the weekend in the presidential election in their home country, way down on the numbers eligible to cast a ballot.
Burkina Faso: Election Sunday Play video

Burkina Faso: Election Sunday

Hundreds of Malian refugees voted in exile at the weekend in the presidential election in their home country, way down on the numbers eligible to cast a ballot.