Syria Emergency: Record number of Syrians cross border into Jordan

News Stories, 24 August 2012

© UNHCR/A.McDonnell
More than 14,500 Syrian refugees are now being sheltered at Jordan's Za'atri camp as the number arriving accelerates.

GENEVA, 24 August (UNHCR) A record 2,200 Syrians crossed into Jordan on Thursday night and were taken to the Za'atri refugee camp, pushing the total number of Syrian refugees recorded by the UN refugee agency in the countries surrounding Syria to well above 200,000.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees said on Friday the sharp rise from 170,116 to 202,512 in one week reflected both a decision to include those in Za'atri awaiting formal registration and the continuing influx of refugees into all countries neighbouring Syria.

The large number of Syrians crossing into Jordan on the night of August 23-24 had fled from various towns and villages; it far exceeded the previous record one-night figure of 1,254 refugees entering Jordan earlier in the week.

"Further arrivals are expected," UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards told a news conference in Geneva. "Across Jordan, some 61,000 people have registered with UNHCR or are awaiting registration. The Jordanian government estimates 150,000 Syrians are in Jordan."

There are now more than 14,500 Syrians in Za'atri refugee camp. Electricity has been extended to 40 percent of the Jordanian camp, allowing for other improvements in service in the future.

However, the largest number of Syrian refugees have gone to Turkey, with more than 74,000 registered by the government as of Wednesday. New arrivals are being temporarily housed in schools while additional camps are prepared.

"Local authorities have informed UNHCR that seven new camps are being built which, together with the existing nine camps, which will bring Turkey's camp capacity to 130,000 people," Edwards said. "Three of the new camps are expected to be ready by the end of August, with the remainder completed by the end of September."

A steady stream of Syrians, mainly from the cities of Aleppo, Damascus and Dara's, also continues to arrive in Lebanon. There are now 51,000 Syrian refugees who have registered or applied to register with UNHCR there. Many thousands of recent arrivals have not yet approached UNHCR to register, the UN agency said.

However, UNHCR operations in Lebanon, where the organization had opened a new refugee registration centre two weeks ago, are being hindered by an eruption of fighting in the northern port city of Tripoli between supporters and opponents of the Syrian government.

"The registration centre was open until yesterday with reduced staff as about half of them live in areas affected by shooting," said Edwards. "In the Bekaa valley in eastern Lebanon, registration of refugees is also affected because of security concerns in the wake of kidnapping of Syrians in the area."

UNHCR is concerned that the deteriorating security will disrupt its efforts to find and prepare shelter for some 500 Syrian refugees who have been temporarily housed in schools but must move before classes resume next month.

The continued flow of Syrian refugees into Iraq has slowed over the last week, UNHCR said, but there was a slight increase in the Kurdistan region of Iraq and the total for all Iraq now stands at 15,898.

In addition, many Iraqi refugees who had once found shelter in Syria have now fled back to their homeland. Several who were interviewed by UNHCR protection staff reported that they had been robbed on the road between Damascus and the Iraqi border.

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Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

After Saddam Hussein's regime was toppled in Iraq in 2003, groups of refugees who had lived in the country for many years tried to leave the chaos and lawlessness that soon ensued. Hundreds of people started fleeing to the border with Jordan, including Palestinians in Baghdad and Iranian Kurds from the Al Tash refugee camp in central Iraq.

Aside from a few Palestinians with family connections inside the neighbouring country, the refugees were refused entry and free movement in Jordan. Thousands were soon stranded in the no-man's land between Iraq and Jordan or at the desert camp of Ruweished, located 60 kilometres inside Jordan.

Since 2003, Palestinians, Iranian Kurds, Iranians, Sudanese and Somalis have been living there and suffering the scorching heat and freezing winters of the Jordanian desert. UNHCR and its partners have provided housing and assistance and tried to find solutions – the agency has helped resettle more than 1,000 people in third countries. At the beginning of 2007, a total of 119 people – mostly Palestinians – remained in Ruweished camp without any immediate solution in sight.

Posted on 20 February 2007

Non-Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

The UN refugee agency has launched a US$60 million appeal to fund its work helping hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people. The new appeal concludes that unremitting violence in Iraq will likely mean continued mass internal and external displacement affecting much of the surrounding region. The appeal notes that the current exodus is the largest long-term population movement in the Middle East since the displacement of Palestinians following the creation of Israel in 1948.

UNHCR has warned that the longer this conflict goes on, the more difficult it will become for the hundreds of thousands of displaced and the communities that are trying to help them – both inside and outside Iraq. Because the burden on host communities and governments in the region is enormous, it is essential that the international community support humanitarian efforts.

The US$60 million will cover UNHCR's protection and assistance programmes for Iraqi refugees in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey, as well as non-Iraqi refugees and internally displaced people within Iraq itself.

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Iraqi Refugees in Jordan

Iraqi Children Go To School in Syria

UNHCR aims to help 25,000 refugee children go to school in Syria by providing financial assistance to families and donating school uniforms and supplies.

There are some 1.4 million Iraqi refugees living in Syria, most having fled the extreme sectarian violence sparked by the bombing of the Golden Mosque of Samarra in 2006.

Many Iraqi refugee parents regard education as a top priority, equal in importance to security. While in Iraq, violence and displacement made it difficult for refugee children to attend school with any regularity and many fell behind. Although education is free in Syria, fees associated with uniforms, supplies and transportation make attending school impossible. And far too many refugee children have to work to support their families instead of attending school.

To encourage poor Iraqi families to register their children, UNHCR plans to provide financial assistance to at least 25,000 school-age children, and to provide uniforms, books and school supplies to Iraqi refugees registered with UNHCR. The agency will also advise refugees of their right to send their children to school, and will support NGO programmes for working children.

UNHCR's ninemillion campaign aims to provide a healthy and safe learning environment for nine million refugee children by 2010.

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