UNHCR fears larger influx as number of Syrians fleeing to Jordan picks up pace

News Stories, 28 August 2012

© UNHCR/A.Eurdolian
A young new arrival at Jordan's Za'tari camp. His family fled violence in Syria's Daraa governorate.

GENEVA, August 28 (UNHCR) The UN refugee agency said on Tuesday that the pace of arrivals from the Syrian border to the Za'atri camp in the north of Jordan has doubled in the past week.

UNHCR's chief spokesperson, Melissa Fleming, told journalists in Geneva that some "10,200 people arrived in the seven days between August 21-27, compared to 4,500 the previous week." She added that more than 22,000 people have been received at Za'atri since it opened on July 30.

"Refugees say many thousands more are waiting to cross amid violence around [the governorate of] Daraa and we believe this could be the start of a much larger influx. Some of those who have crossed in recent days especially Friday report being bombed by aircraft. There are also reports of shelling, mortars and other weapons fire."

Typically, refugees cross the border at night and are taken straight to the camp by the International Organization for Migration and the Jordanian army. But 1,147 refugees arrived on Monday morning and were followed by another 1,400 overnight and early Tuesday.

Most of the arrivals over the past week have come from Daraa. Many refugees report being displaced up to five or six times inside Syria before they fled the country.

"We have received in the camp over the past week an increased number of unaccompanied children. Some children report that their parents have died, or are staying behind in Syria to look after relatives, or are working in other countries," Fleming said. "Some children, who did not have passports, said they were sent ahead of their parents who will follow later," the spokesperson added.

UNHCR, alongside the Jordan Hashemite Charity Organization, is racing to meet the humanitarian needs of the rapidly expanding refugee population at Za'atri with shelter, food, water and health care.

Staff from the refugee agency are pitching more tents and expanding the camp, preparing new ground with a base course of fine gravel to help control dust at the site. Trucks have been sent from a regional warehouse in Zarqa to reinforce stocks of tents and blankets.

The fast pace of arrivals has affected efforts to improve conditions for the existing population, but work on this continues.

Meanwhile, Fleming said UNHCR's operations in Lebanon were returning to normal with some improvements in the security situation over recent days. "Our registration centre in Tripoli has reopened and refugees are now making use of this. Distribution in the north was disrupted, but with the reopening of the northern highway over the weekend our trucks can now deliver relief items to our hubs in Qobbayat," she said.

In the Bekaa Valley, distribution, registration and field visits have resumed. With the new school term about to start, UNHCR is urgently trying to relocate refugee families staying in schools. In the north, UNHCR has found an alternative shelter for families staying in operational schools. Across Lebanon, more than 53,000 people have registered with UNHCR or have appointments to be registered.

In Syria, there is also urgent need to find alternative shelter for the increasing number of displaced people staying in schools due to reopen next month. Local authorities are finalizing a list of possible collective centres and UNHCR stands ready to rehabilitate buildings to shelter displaced people.

Across Syria, 350 schools are occupied by displaced people, according to the government, which estimates more than 1 million people are sheltering in public buildings. For the newly displaced, the urgent needs have been food, clothes, mattresses, blankets, sheets and access to better sanitation.

"Despite the escalation of the conflict in Syria, our operations there are continuing," UNHCR's Fleming said, adding: "Our telephone hotlines and counselling services are proving critical tools to keep in touch with displaced people and offer them support when our movements are restricted due to the security situation."

In neighbouring Iraq, the Al-Qaem border crossing has been closed since August 16 and there has been no increase in the number of Syrian refugees, which stands at 15,898. While the Al-Waleed and Rabiya border crossing points remain open, UNHCR is advocating with the government that the Al-Qaem border be reopened.

In Turkey, the number of Syrians arriving at the border has increased dramatically. Compared to previous weeks, when around 400-500 people arrived daily, up to 5,000 people have been reaching the borders every day over the past two weeks.

"In the past 24 hours, over 3,000 Syrians are reported to have crossed into Turkey, with a further 7,000 expected to cross in the coming days," Fleming said. The 3,000 crossed at the Kilis, Yayladagi and Reyhanli border crossings. A new camp, Karkamis, in Gaziantep province, has been opened and many of the new arrivals are being transferred there.

The Turkish authorities plan an additional 5-6 camps, for a total overall capacity of up to 150,000 people. UNHCR and partners are providing technical support and aid. A UNHCR airlift filled with tents arrived at Adana early today. "An increase in international support is vital to back Turkey's efforts to keep pace with the large numbers of Syrian refugees seeking refuge there," the UNHCR spokesperson stressed.

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UNHCR country pages

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

As world concern grows over the plight of hundreds of thousands of displaced Syrians, including more than 200,000 refugees, UNHCR staff are working around the clock to provide vital assistance in neighbouring countries. At the political level, UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres was due on Thursday (August 30) to address a closed UN Security Council session on Syria.

Large numbers have crossed into Lebanon to escape the violence in Syria. By the end of August, more than 53,000 Syrians across Lebanon had registered or received appointments to be registered. UNHCR's operations for Syrian refugees in Tripoli and the Bekaa Valley resumed on August 28 after being briefly suspended due to insecurity.

Many of the refugees are staying with host families in some of the poorest areas of Lebanon or in public buildings, including schools. This is a concern as the school year starts soon. UNHCR is urgently looking for alternative shelter. The majority of the people looking for safety in Lebanon are from Homs, Aleppo and Daraa and more than half are aged under 18. As the conflict in Syria continues, the situation of the displaced Syrians in Lebanon remains precarious.

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Turkish Camps Provide Shelter to 90,000 Syrian Refugees

By mid-September, more than 200,000 Syrian refugees had crossed the border into Turkey. UNHCR estimates that half of them are children, and many have seen their homes destroyed in the conflict before fleeing to the border and safety.

The Turkish authorities have responded by building well-organized refugee camps along southern Turkey's border with Syria. These have assisted 120,000 refugees since the crisis conflict erupted in Syria. There are currently 12 camps hosting 90,000 refugees, while four more are under construction. The government has spent approximately US$300 million to date, and it continues to manage the camps and provide food and medical services.

The UN refugee agency has provided the Turkish government with tents, blankets and kitchen sets for distribution to the refugees. UNHCR also provides advice and guidelines, while staff from the organization monitor voluntary repatriation of refugees.

Most of the refugees crossing into Turkey come from areas of northern Syria, including the city of Aleppo. Some initially stayed in schools or other public buildings, but they have since been moved into the camps, where families live in tents or container homes and all basic services are available.

Turkish Camps Provide Shelter to 90,000 Syrian Refugees

Displaced inside Syria: UNHCR and its Dedicated Staff help the Needy

The violence inside Syria continues to drive people from their homes, with some seeking shelter elsewhere in their country and others risking the crossing into neighbouring countries. The United Nations estimates that up to 4 million people are in need of help, including some 2 million believed to be internally displaced.

The UN refugee agency has 350 staff working inside Syria. Despite the insecurity, they continue to distribute vital assistance in the cities of Damascus, Aleppo, Al Hassakeh and Homs. Thanks to their work and dedication, more than 350,000 people have received non-food items such as blankets, kitchen sets and mattresses. These are essential items for people who often flee their homes with no more than the clothes on their backs. Cash assistance has been given to more than 10,600 vulnerable Syrian families.

Displaced inside Syria: UNHCR and its Dedicated Staff help the Needy

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