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Hitting the right notes of hope and integration for refugees in Venezuela

News Stories, 5 July 2013

© UNHCR Photo
John teaches his six-year old brother Sebastian a few notes on the oboe. Both are taking part in the FundaMusical programme.

ACHAGUAS, Venezuela, July 5 (UNHCR) John sounded the tuning note for the rest of the orchestra on his oboe as a crowded auditorium waited for the 10-year-old musician and his young colleagues to perform Beethoven's classic "Ode to Joy."

Among the audience at the Cultural Centre in Achaguas a rural town in western Venezuela's Apure state were John's parents, his younger brother Sebastian and UNHCR staff members. They were all waiting proudly to see the Colombian refugee play for the first time with the local Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra in a recent concert to mark World Refugee Day (June 20).

It was a landmark achievement for a boy who had to deal with the arbitrary detention and absence for more than two years of his father when he was just four, followed by the trauma of flight from his home in central Colombia's Meta department.

"Those were difficult times," the child's mother, Alejandra, explained. "I was alone with my children, and John kept asking about his father; he was devastated. Upon his release in 2010, my husband fled to Venezuela, and I and my children followed him one month later."

But life has since turned around for the family, thanks to their own determination, new educational opportunities and, in John's case, a little help from UNHCR and a programme called FundaMusical. Run by the Simon Bolivar Music Foundation, this promotes the integration of refugee children in Venezuela through music.

Both John and six-year-old Sebastian joined the nationwide programme earlier this year in Achaguas, with the younger boy opting to learn the violin. "It is wonderful to see them so enthusiastic about playing music. In their spare time after school, they only want to practise what they learnt in FundaMusical," said Alejandra, who believes that education is vital and will be the passport to a brighter future for all her family.

The FundaMusical initiative has only been open to refugees since last February, when UNHCR and the Simon Bolivar Music Foundation signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at jointly promoting peace and respect for the rights of refugees. The new partnership seeks, among other objectives, to contribute to the welfare of refugee children through their inclusion in FundaMusical youth orchestras and music schools in the border states of Apure, Tachira and Zulia.

John and Sebastian were the first refugee students to join the school in Achaguas, one of seven in Apure. "Five other refugee children are about to enrol in the Achaguas branch, and we already have 15 other refugee and asylum-seeker children attending the FundaMusical branch in [the Apure border town of] Guasdualito," said the programme's regional director, Fernando Ruiz. Aside from studying music, the students also learn about values such as teamwork, cooperation, responsibilities and commitment.

The example set by John, Sebastian and their father, who recently returned to secondary school and plans to study law at university, is inspirational. The refugee agency believes it is also another example of the positive outcomes that can be achieved when UNHCR, its partners and Venezuelan government agencies work together to include refugees in public policy.

And judging by the standing ovation for the "Ode to Joy," John might have a career as a musician. Alejandra now sees her family as being part of the community in Achaguas. "I feel that my children are safe, in a healthy and good educational environment."

By Marcela Rodriguez-Farrelly in Achaguas, Venezuela

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Local Integration

Integration of refugees in the host community allows recipients to live in dignity and peace.

Integration Initiatives: Supporting Next Steps

An inventory of opportunities and needs in the integration of resettled refugees

Colombia: Life in the Barrios

After more than forty years of internal armed conflict, Colombia has one of the largest populations of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the world. Well over two million people have been forced to flee their homes; many of them have left remote rural areas to take refuge in the relative safety of the cities.

Displaced families often end up living in slum areas on the outskirts of the big cities, where they lack even the most basic services. Just outside Bogota, tens of thousands of displaced people live in the shantytowns of Altos de Cazuca and Altos de Florida, with little access to health, education or decent housing. Security is a problem too, with irregular armed groups and gangs controlling the shantytowns, often targeting young people.

UNHCR is working with the authorities in ten locations across Colombia to ensure that the rights of internally displaced people are fully respected – including the rights to basic services, health and education, as well as security.

Colombia: Life in the Barrios

Indigenous people in Colombia

There are about a million indigenous people in Colombia. They belong to 80 different groups and make up one of the world's most diverse indigenous heritages. But the internal armed conflict is taking its toll on them.

Like many Colombians, indigenous people often have no choice but to flee their lands to escape violence. Forced displacement is especially tragic for them because they have extremely strong links to their ancestral lands. Often their economic, social and cultural survival depends on keeping these links alive.

According to Colombia's national indigenous association ONIC, 18 of the smaller groups are at risk of disappearing. UNHCR is working with them to support their struggle to stay on their territories or to rebuild their lives when they are forced to flee.

UNHCR also assists indigenous refugees in neighbouring countries like Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil. UNHCR is developing a regional strategy to better address the specific needs of indigenous people during exile.

Indigenous people in Colombia

Panama's Hidden Refugees

Colombia's armed conflict has forced millions of people to flee their homes, including hundreds of thousands who have sought refuge in other countries in the region.

Along the border with Colombia, Panama's Darien region is a thick and inhospitable jungle accessible only by boat. Yet many Colombians have taken refuge here after fleeing the irregular armed groups who control large parts of jungle territory on the other side of the border.

Many of the families sheltering in the Darien are from Colombia's ethnic minorities – indigenous or Afro-Colombians – who have been particularly badly hit by the conflict and forcibly displaced in large numbers. In recent years, there has also been an increase in the numbers of Colombians arriving in the capital, Panama City.

There are an estimated 12,500 Colombians of concern to UNHCR in Panama, but many prefer not to make themselves known to authorities and remain in hiding. This "hidden population" is one of the biggest challenges facing UNHCR not only in Panama but also in Ecuador and Venezuela.

Panama's Hidden Refugees

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