From Lord's Resistance Army captive to tailor, teen gets a second chance

Telling the Human Story, 19 September 2013

© UNHCR/B.Sokol
Rose kneads dough in front of an oven at the home of Sister Angélique Namaika in Dungu. Her identity is masked for protection reasons.

DUNGU, Democratic Republic of the Congo, September 19 (UNHCR) It's a peaceful

morning in the dusty town of Dungu, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Orientale province. Rose*, aged 18 years, is wearing a nice embroidered dress a Women's Day present from her husband and giving her toddler a bath. As she moisturizes him with palm oil, the boy touches her swollen belly a sibling on the way.

This scene of family bliss would have been hard to believe until recently. When she was 14, Rose was abducted by the brutal Lord's Resistance Army, or LRA, and spent 20 months in captivity. She was rescued by the Ugandan army in 2011, and discovered a few weeks later that she was pregnant.

Rose had no means to survive, was rejected by her mother because of the shame and was about to return to the bush. That was when she met Sister Angélique Namaika, a Roman Catholic nun and winner of this year's Nansen Refugee Award for her work helping women and girls who have suffered from LRA violence.

"She was planning to go back to the bush because she was not able to reintegrate in the community," said Sister Angélique, recalling her exchange with Rose. "I took her with me and taught her baking and sewing." The Sister also convinced her to keep and love the baby. Her son is now two years old.

The LRA has been active in Orientale province since 2005 and has abducted some 3,000 people, including more than 1,000 children. Boys are used as porters or forced to loot villages. Girls are forced to become the wives of the LRA soldiers, with many giving birth in captivity. While many children have been released since 2008, they say lots more are still living in the bush.

Rose is among the fortunate ones. Today she is married and expecting that second child. She met her husband at the market where she was cooking and selling mandazis (doughnuts).

"He was coming to get food from my stall and found me pretty," said Rose in a soft and sweet voice. "He sent a neighbour to talk to me and officially proposed to my father. As my dad found that he was a reasonable man, he agreed. I was happy to build a family and to restore the honour of my name."

Her new life is simple, but happy. She wakes up at five o'clock every morning, starts a fire and cooks breakfast before going to the fields or the market, where she sells mandazis and soup. She has many clients and sometimes has to cook twice a day to meet the demand.

On weekends she loves sewing. When she started taking sewing classes with Sister Angélique, her dream was to have her own sewing machine. Her dream came true and she is now considered a good seamstress by other women. They often ask for her advice on how to sew dresses for special events or school uniforms for their children.

"I had a lot of orders [for dresses] for Easter and the money I earned allowed me to get ready for the arrival of the baby. I bought nearly all the clothes for the baby. I just need one more set of the same colour top and pants that will cost around 4,500 Congolese francs [US$4.8]," Rose explained with a smile on her face.

However, the trauma is not completely gone. She is still suffering from a sexually transmitted disease contracted in captivity, and needs constant health care. Rose is also struggling to convince her husband to accept her young son.

He does not like to pay for the boy's expenses because he is not his own child. She shared the problem with Sister Angélique and asked for her advice.

In addition to helping the girls earn an income and rebuild their lives, Sister Angélique also helps them with mediation within their families and communities. After several months of discussions last year, she convinced Rose's mother to accept back her daughter. Today, Rose's life is still challenging but, thanks to Sister Angélique, she is getting a second chance to build a normal life for herself and her family.

*Name changed for protection reasons

By Céline Schmitt in Dungu, Democratic Republic of the Congo




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The Nansen Refugee Award

The Nansen Refugee Award

Given to individuals or organizations for outstanding service in the cause of refugees.

2008 Nansen Refugee Award

The UN refugee agency has named the British coordinator of a UN-run mine clearance programme in southern Lebanon and his civilian staff, including almost 1,000 Lebanese mine clearers, as the winners of the 2008 Nansen Refugee Award.

Christopher Clark, a former officer with the British armed forces, became manager of the UN Mine Action Coordination Centre-South Lebanon (UNMACC-SL) n 2003. His teams have detected and destroyed tons of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and tens of thousands of mines. This includes almost 145,000 submunitions (bomblets from cluster-bombs) found in southern Lebanon since the five-week war of mid-2006.

Their work helped enable the return home of almost 1 million Lebanese uprooted by the conflict. But there has been a cost – 13 mine clearers have been killed, while a further 38 have suffered cluster-bomb injuries since 2006. Southern Lebanon is once more thriving with life and industry, while the process of reconstruction continues apace thanks, in large part, to the work of the 2008 Nansen Award winners.

2008 Nansen Refugee Award

2007 Nansen Refugee Award

The UN refugee agency's Nansen Awards Committee has named Dr. Katrine Camilleri, a 37-year-old lawyer with the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) in Malta, as the winner of the 2007 Nansen Refugee Award. The Committee was impressed by the political and civic courage she has shown in dealing with the refugee situation in Malta.

Dr. Camilleri first became aware of the plight of refugees as a 16-year-old girl when a priest visited her school to talk about his work. After graduating from the University of Malta in 1994, she began working in a small law firm where she came into contact with refugees. As Dr. Camilleri's interest grew in this humanitarian field, she started to work with the JRS office in Malta in 1997.

Over the last year, JRS and Dr. Camilleri have faced a series of attacks. Nine vehicles belonging to the Jesuits were burned in two separate attacks. And this April, arsonists set fire to both Dr. Camilleri's car and her front door, terrifying her family. The perpetrators were never caught but the attacks shocked Maltese society and drew condemnation from the Government of Malta. Dr. Camilleri continues to lead the JRS Malta legal team as Assistant Director.

2007 Nansen Refugee Award

The Nansen Refugee Award 2005

Burundian humanitarian worker Maggy Barankitse received the 2005 Nansen Refugee Award for her tireless work on behalf of children affected by war, poverty and disease. The Nansen medal was presented at a grand ceremony in Brussels by H.R.H. Princess Mathilde of Belgium and UN Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees Wendy Chamberlin.

Accepting the award, Barankitse said her work was inspired by one single goal: peace. "Accept your fellow man, sit down together, make this world a world of brothers and sisters," she said. "Nothing resists love, that's the message that I want to spread."

Sponsored by UNHCR corporate partner Microsoft, the ceremony and reception at Concert Noble was also attended by Belgium's Minister for Development Co-operation Armand De Decker, European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid Louis Michel, renowned Burundian singer Khadja Nin, Congolese refugee and comedian Pie Tshibanda, and French singer and UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Julien Clerc. Among others.

The Nansen Refugee Award 2005

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