Western Sahara Confidence Building Measures seminar opens

Press Releases, 30 October 2013

AZORES, PORTUGAL, 30 OCTOBER 2013 Forty-two people from the Saharawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria and from Western Sahara Territory today began a week-long seminar, the latest in a series aimed at increasing trust and understanding in one of the world's longest-standing refugee situations.

The seminars are one of several components of a UNHCR-run confidence-building programme that has been under way since 2004. Representatives from the Moroccan Government and the Frente Polisario accompanied the participants.

The seminar will focus on the importance of the nomadic Sahrawi culture including its history and its prominence in literature and music.

"These seminars, and the wider confidence-building measures, are vital elements of UNHCR's humanitarian track to link a population divided by conflict. They complement the parallel political track under way by the United Nations towards finding a solution to this situation," said Athar Sultan-Khan, Chief of Staff at the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.

UNHCR's Confidence Building Measures programme for the Sahrawi situation includes seminars on Sahrawi culture, a programme of family visits and coordination meetings in Geneva with the two parties, Morocco and Frente Polisario, and the two neighbouring countries, Algeria and Mauritania. They are intended to allow Sahrawi families, separated for more than 38 years in one of the world's longest-running refugee situations, to be together, exchange information and discuss various aspects of their culture. Nearly 20,000 people have taken part in family visits since the programme began, and 160 people have participated in four seminars supported by the Portuguese government.

Sahrawi families have been separated from each other for nearly four decades because of the absence of a political solution that might end their plight and allow them to return to their places of origins. Refugees started arriving in Algeria in 1975 after Spain withdrew from the Western Sahara Territory and fighting broke out over its control.

For more information:

  • Dan McNorton (Geneva) at mcnorton@unhcr.org or mobile + 41 79 217 3011.
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UNHCR country pages

Confidence Building Measures 2009/2010 Western Sahara

Information brochure about UNHCR's Confidence Building Measures programme aimed at addressing the effects of prolonged separation between the Saharan refugees in the camps near Tindouf, Algeria and their families in Western Sahara.

Sighted off Spain's Canary Islands

Despite considerable dangers, migrants seeking a better future and refugees fleeing war and persecution continue to board flimsy boats and set off across the high seas. One of the main routes into Europe runs from West Africa to Spain's Canary Islands.

Before 2006, most irregular migrants taking this route used small vessels called pateras, which can carry up to 20 people. They left mostly from Morocco and the Western Sahara on the half-day journey. The pateras have to a large extent been replaced by boats which carry up to 150 people and take three weeks to reach the Canaries from ports in West Africa.

Although only a small proportion of the almost 32,000 people who arrived in the Canary Islands in 2006 applied for asylum, the number has gone up. More than 500 people applied for asylum in 2007, compared with 359 the year before. This came at a time when the overall number of arrivals by sea went down by 75 percent during 2007.

Sighted off Spain's Canary Islands

Western Sahara Family Visits

Emotions are running high in the Sahara desert as families split for nearly three decades by conflict over sovereignty of the Western Sahara Territory are being briefly reunited by a UNHCR family visit scheme.

Living in five windswept and isolated camps around Tindouf in south-western Algeria for the last 28 years, the refugees have been almost totally cut off from their relatives in the Territory. So when the UN refugee agency launched its five-day family visit scheme in March this year, there were tears of joy as well as apprehension at the prospect of reunion.

The visit scheme is proving extremely popular, with more than 800 people already having visited their relatives and another 18,000 signed up to go. In addition to the family visit scheme, the UN refugee agency has opened telephone centres in some of the camps, creating another channel through which long-lost family members can make contact.

Photos taken in June 2004.

Western Sahara Family Visits

Portugal: Sahrawi Cultural GatheringPlay video

Portugal: Sahrawi Cultural Gathering

People from Sahrawi refugee camps in Algeria and from Western Sahara Territory meet for a cultural seminar in the Azores Islands as part of a confidence building measures programme.